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1.
Specifičnosti dohodkovne neenakosti v skupini izbranih evropskih držav
Simon Matej Podgoršek, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: Magistrska naloga z naslovom Specifičnosti dohodkovne neenakosti v skupini izbranih evropskih držav, obravnava temo dohodkovne neenakosti v obdobju od leta 2000 do leta 2019. V delu obravnavamo empirično literaturo in izvedemo zgodovinski pregled dohodkovne neenakosti, kar je prispevalo k boljšemu razumevanju tega pojava. Naloga se osredotoča na opredelitev dohodkovne neenakosti, analizo različnih kazalnikov dohodkovne neenakosti ter predstavitev dejavnikov, ki pomembno vplivajo na to neenakost, kot so globalizacija, tehnološke spremembe, prerazdelitev dohodka in demografske značilnosti prebivalstva, pri čemer se osredotočimo na udeležbo na trgu dela ter izobrazbo. Delo prav tako obravnava vpliv dohodkovne neenakosti na gospodarsko rast in razvoj. Za predstavitev dohodkovne neenakosti, v izbranih evropskih državah, smo uporabili Ginijev koeficient, kvintilno razmerje in Palma razmerje. Empirična analiza dejavnikov dohodkovne neenakosti je vključevala uporabo Ginijevega koeficienta kot odvisne spremenljivke. V nalogi smo prišli do sklepa, da kljub prizadevanju držav, da bi zmanjšale dohodkovno neenakost, ta še vedno ostaja visoka in se je skozi naše opazovano obdobje, v mnogih državah, celo povečala.
Ključne besede: Dohodkovna neenakost, Ginijev koeficient, globalizacija, gospodarska rast, ekonometrična analiza
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.07.2024; Ogledov: 21; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,61 MB)

2.
Vine canopy reconstruction and assessment with terrestrial lidar and aerial imaging
Igor Petrović, Matej Sečnik, Marko Hočevar, Peter Berk, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: For successful dosing of plant protection products, the characteristics of the vine canopies should be known, based on which the spray amount should be dosed. In the field experiment, we compared two optical experimental methods, terrestrial lidar and aerial photogrammetry, with manual defoliation of some selected vines. Like those of other authors, our results show that both terrestrial lidar and aerial photogrammetry were able to represent the canopy well with correlation coefficients around 0.9 between the measured variables and the number of leaves. We found that in the case of aerial photogrammetry, significantly more points were found in the point cloud, but this depended on the choice of the ground sampling distance. Our results show that in the case of aerial UAS photogrammetry, subdividing the vine canopy segments to 5 × 5 cm gives the best representation of the volume of vine canopies.
Ključne besede: precision agriculture, remote sensing, 3D point clouds, vineyard, canopy reconstruction, terrestrial lidar, aerial photogrammetry, manual defoliation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.07.2024; Ogledov: 47; Prenosov: 2
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo
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3.
Pravica delavcev do obveščenosti : magistrsko delo
Matej Makoter Rožmarin, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: Pravica delavcev do obveščenosti postaja zaradi svoje vse večje pomembnosti vedno bolj aktualna tema razprav v delovnem pravu. Uveljavila se je kot izjemno pomembna pravica delovnega prava, saj se brez ustreznega informiranja delavec ne more ustrezno odzvati ali primerno ukrepati. Pravica do obveščenosti pa vpliva tudi na številne druge pravice iz delovnega prava in prava socialne varnosti. Pri pravici delavcev do obveščenosti je ključna tudi ločitev, in sicer kdaj se obvešča posameznega delavca in kdaj se pravica delavcev do obveščenosti realizira preko obveščanja delavskih predstavnikov. Posameznega delavca se tako npr. obvešča o zadevah, ki vplivajo na njegov delovnopravni položaj kot posameznika. Tako je bilo skozi analizo tako mednarodnih pravnih virov, kot tudi pravnih virov prava EU in nacionalnih pravnih virov ugotovljeno, da se mora delavca obveščati na številnih področjih delovnega prava, kot npr. v primeru redne ali izredne odpovedi pogodbe o zaposlitvi, plačilnem dnevu in njegovi spremembi, napotitvi na čakanje na delo od doma, odreditvi nadurnega dela, letnega razporeda delovnega časa, začasne prerazporeditve delovnega časa ter v primeru odmere letnega dopusta ipd. V večini navedenih primerov bo šlo tudi za obvezno pisno obveščanje delavca. V primeru ureditve pravice delavcev do obveščenosti v Republiki Sloveniji je bilo ugotovljeno, da slednja ugodneje ureja pravico delavcev do obveščenosti v primerjavi z mednarodnopravno ureditvijo ali ureditvijo na ravni prava EU. Na drugi strani pa je z vidika pravnega položaja delavcev zelo pomembna pravica delavcev, da so tudi preko svojih predstavnikov obveščeni o pomembnih zadevah, ki vplivajo na njihov položaj pri delodajalcu (v podjetju). Delavske predstavnike se tako obvešča (in se z njimi posvetuje) o zadevah, ki vplivajo na kolektiv delavcev (torej ne samo na posameznega delavca). Pri čemer pa se razlikuje obveščanje preko sindikatov ali pa preko voljenih delavskih predstavnikov (npr. sveta delavcev), saj pravni akti vsakemu izmed navedenih delavskih predstavnikov nalagajo drugačne pristojnosti in naloge. Tako se bo delavske predstavnike v splošnem obveščalo npr. v primerih kolektivnih odpustov, prenosih podjetja, splošnih aktih pri delodajalcu, nočnem delu ipd. Pristojnosti v zvezi s pravico delavca do obveščenosti pa bodo delavski predstavniki imeli tudi, kadar bo šlo za vprašanje odločanja o pravicah posameznega delavca, npr. v primeru odpovedi pogodbe o zaposlitvi, disciplinske odgovornosti itd.
Ključne besede: obveščanje delavcev, posvetovanje z delavci, obveščanje posamičnega delavca, obveščanje preko delavskih predstavnikov, delavski predstavniki, sindikat, svet delavcev
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.07.2024; Ogledov: 74; Prenosov: 21
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,49 MB)

4.
Impact of dual dispatch system implementation on response times and survival outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in rural areas
Matej Strnad, Pia Jerot, Vesna Borovnik Lesjak, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objectives: Dual dispatch early defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims provided by firefighters in addition to Emergency medical services (EMS) has proven to increase rate of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and thus survival in the metropolitan or suburban areas whereas the data in rural areas are scarce. Methods: This was a retrospective observational cohort study of EMS resuscitated OHCA victims in regions with dual dispatch of volunteer firefighters as first responders (intervention group). Historical group was based on all OHCAs occurring in these regions before the implementation of first responders (EMS response only). Multivariate logistic regression with following variables: intervention, age, gender, witnessed status, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), first rhythm and etiology were used to control for confounding factors affecting ROSC. Results: A total of 312 OHCAs were included in the study (historical group, n = 115 and intervention group, n = 197). Median time to arrival of first help shortened significantly for all patients, patients with ROSC and patients with Cerebral Performance Category 1/2 (CPC 1/2) in intervention vs historical group (8 vs 12 min, p < 0.001; 7.5 vs 11 min, p = 0.002; 7 vs 10 min, p = 0.011; respectively). The proportion of patients with ROSC, 30-day survival and CPC 1/2 at hospital discharge remained unchanged in intervention vs historical group (21% vs 23%, p = 0.808; 7% vs 6%, p = 0.914; 6% vs 3%, p = 0.442; respectively). The logistic regression model of adjustment confirms the absence of improvement in the ROSC rate after the implementation of first responders. Conclusions: Introduction of a dual dispatch of local first responders in addition to EMS in cases of OHCA significantly shortened response times. However, reduced response times were not associated with better survival outcomes.
Ključne besede: automated external defibrillator, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, first responder, survival rate, sudden cardiac death, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, firefighters
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.07.2024; Ogledov: 49; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (321,23 KB)
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5.
Lower-limb muscle contractile properties, explosive power and the subjective response of elite soccer players to the Covid-19 lockdown
Armin Paravlić, Boštjan Šimunič, Saša Pišot, Matej Kleva, Kaja Teraž, Matjaž Vogrin, Uroš Marušič, Rado Pišot, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present study examined the effects of the lockdown period on basic anthropometric measures, countermovement jumping performance, skeletal muscle contractile properties derived from tensiomyography (TMG), injury incidence, and self-assessed general well-being in elite soccer players. A total of 266 players were assessed before (PRE) and 32 players were reassessed 11 days after (POST) the COVID-19 period. Significant changes in the TMG parameters were observed POST compared to PRE: contraction time (Tc) increased from 6% to 50% in vastus lateralis [VL] (p = 0.009) and biceps femoris [BF] (p < 0.001), respectively; whereas radial displacement (Dm) increased for 19% in BF (p = 0.036) and 17% in VL (p < 0.001), respectively. Jumping performance remained unchanged from PRE to POST In addition, athletes rated the lockdown period as a positive event and felt psychologically better during the lockdown, primarily because they spent more time with family members and friends. Although there were no differences in any of the variables describing lower limb muscle power following the two-month lockdown, the altered contractile properties of the assessed muscles suggest suboptimal conditioning of the football players.
Ključne besede: football, male football, power, explosive power, CMJ, tensiomyography, SJ, coronavirus, pandemics, lockdown
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.07.2024; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 2
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo
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6.
Naprava za mazanje navojnih izvrtin
Simon Blaževič, 2024, diplomsko delo

Opis: Tema diplomske naloge se nanaša na zasnovo, konstrukcijo in izdelavo naprave za mazanje izvrtin. Vključuje tudi pripravo tehnične dokumentacije. Projekt je bil realiziran v okviru podjetja. V uvodu je najprej predstavljeno podjetje, nato kratko opisano teoretično ozadje pnevmatskih sistemov, ki so opisani v diplomski nalogi, nato pa se podrobneje predstavljena sama naprava. Predstavljen je celotni postopek izbire komponent in materiala vključno s podrobnim opisom delovanja in nastavitev posameznih komponent.
Ključne besede: prenosna mazalna naprava, pnevmatski sistem, mazivo
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.07.2024; Ogledov: 18; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,67 MB)

7.
Exploring the feelings of nurses during resuscitation : a cross-sectional study
Anton Koželj, Maja Šikić Pogačar, Sabina Fijan, Maja Strauss, Vita Poštuvan, Matej Strnad, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the most stressful situations in emergency medicine. Nurses involved in performing basic and advanced resuscitation procedures are therefore exposed to a certain amount of stress. The purpose of this study was to determine the stressors and the level of stress experienced by nurses during resuscitation. A cross-sectional quantitative study was done. The sample consisted of 457 nurses who worked in emergency units. First demographic data were collected, followed by a questionnaire regarding the effect of different situations that occur during and after resuscitation on nurses including Post-Code Stress Scale questionnaire. The most disturbing situations for respondents were resuscitation of young person (MV = 3.7, SD = 1.4), when they fail to establish an intravenous pathway (MV = 3.5, SD = 1.4), chaotic situation during resuscitation (MV = 3.4, SD = 1.4) and making decision about termination of resuscitation (MV = 3.1, SD = 1.5). Research has shown that nurses are exposed to a certain amount of stress during resuscitation, but most of them manage to compensate for stress effectively.
Ključne besede: emergency nurses, resuscitation, stress, emotions
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2024; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (453,74 KB)
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8.
Spremembe izbranih podnebnih kazalcev in klimatskih tipov v Evropi do konca 21. stoletja : magistrsko delo
Matej Meško, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: V magistrskem delu so analizirane spremembe izbranih podnebnih kazalcev in spremembe razporeditev podnebnih tipov od leta 1981 do leta 2100 na podlagi štirih 30-letnih obdobij. V teoretičnem delu sta orisana geografsko in podnebno stanje Evrope, kjer so izpostavljeni ključni dejavniki, ki so vzajemno vplivali na razporeditev podnebnih tipov, v našem primeru po Köppenovi podnebni klasifikaciji. Predstavljeni so tudi naravni in antropogeni vzroki za podnebne spremembe, ki jih že širša stroka vsakoletno bolj raziskuje. Pri tem se uporabljajo različni podnebni modeli in scenariji, ki napovedujejo različne intenzitete sprememb. Delo je nastalo na podlagi podatkov modela MPI-ESM1-2-HR in pesimističnega scenarija SSP-585. Pridobljene podatke iz CHELSA CLIMATE smo oblikovali v orodjih GIS za svoje potrebe ter analizirali spremembe razporeditev podnebnih tipov in sedmih izbranih kazalcev: letne povprečne temperature zraka, povprečne maksimalne temperature zraka, povprečne minimalne temperature zraka, letne višine padavin, dolžine rastnih dob, število dni s temperaturo nad 10 °C in število dni s snežno odejo. Analize so ugotovile spremembe pri vseh kazalcih, pojavile pa so se velike regionalne spremembe v intenzivnosti sprememb. Predvsem zahodni deli celine in tudi osrednji deli so izkazovali manjše spremembe, medtem ko se pri vseh kazalcih izpostavljajo prostori Južne, Severne in Vzhodne Evrope za območja največjih sprememb. Napovedi prikazujejo visok porast temperatur, zmanjšanje padavin, povečanje rastnih dob in števila dni s temperaturo nad 10 °C ter zmanjšanje števila dni s snežno odejo. Kot posledica sprememb kazalcev je tudi sprememba v razmestitvi podnebnih tipov. Na večino Evrope bi se razširili toplejši podnebni tipi, medtem ko bi hladnejši ostali omejeni le na visokogorje in skrajne severne dele celine. Spremembe kazalcev imajo in bodo imele katastrofalne posledice za naravo in človeka.
Ključne besede: Evropa, podnebne spremembe, podnebje, temperatura, padavine, Köppen, 21. stoletje.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.07.2024; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,26 MB)

9.
Implementation of the modern immersive learning model CPLM
Matej Veber, Igor Pesek, Boris Aberšek, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The digitalization of industrial processes is being driven forward worldwide. In parallel, the education system must also be transformed. Currently, education does not follow the opportunities and development of technologies. We can ask ourselves how we can integrate technologies into a traditional learning process or how we can adapt the learning process to these technologies. We focused on robotics education in secondary vocational education. The paper contains research results from a modern learning model that addresses student problem-solving using cyber-physical systems. We proposed a reference model for industrial robotics education in the 21st century based on an innovative cyber-physical didactic model (CPLM). We conducted procedure time measurements, questionnaire evaluations, and EEG evaluations. We could use VR to influence the improvement of spatial and visual memory. The more intense representation of the given information influences multiple centers in the brain and, thus, the formation of multiple neural connections. We can influence knowledge, learning more effectively with short-term training in the virtual world than with classical learning methods. From the studied resources, we can conclude that the newer approach to teaching robotics is not yet available in this form. The emerging modern technologies and the possibility of developing training in this area should be investigated further.
Ključne besede: VR technologies, educational robotics, education, innovative learning method development, evaluation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.07.2024; Ogledov: 44; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,43 MB)
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10.
Clinical pharmacist interventions in ambulatory psychogeriatric patients with excessive polypharmacy
Matej Štuhec, Kaja Zorjan, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Psychogeriatric primary care patients are frequently treated with excessive polypharmacy (≥ 10 medications), leading to complications and increased costs. Such cases are rarely included in treatment guidelines and randomized controlled trials. This paper evaluates the impact of clinical pharmacist medication reviews on the quality of pharmacotherapy in primary care psychogeriatric patients with excessive polypharmacy. The retrospective observational multicentric pre-post study included patients (aged 65 or above) treated with at least one psychotropic and ten or more medications. Clinical pharmacists' recommendations were retrieved from medication review forms for the period 2012-2014. The study outcome measures were the number of medications, potentially inappropriate medications in the elderly (PIMs), potential drug-drug interactions which should be avoided (pXDDIs), and adherence to treatment guidelines. The study included 246 patients receiving 3294 medications, of which 14.6% were psychotropics. The clinical pharmacists proposed 374 interventions in psychopharmacotherapy. The general practitioners accepted 45.2% of them (169). Accepting clinical pharmacist recommendations reduced the total number of medications by 7.5% from 13.4 to 12.4 per patient (p < 0.05), the total number of prescribed PIMs by 21.8% from 312 to 244 (p < 0.05), the number of pXDDIs by 54.9% from 71 to 31 (p < 0.05) and also improved treatment guidelines adherence for antidepressants and antipsychotics (p < 0.05). Clinical pharmacist interventions significantly improved the quality of psychopharmacotherapy by reducing the total number of medications, PIMs, and pXDDIs. Accepting clinical pharmacist interventions led to better treatment guidelines adherence.
Ključne besede: polypharmacy, elderly patients, clinical pharmacist, medications, drug-drug interactions, psychopharmacotherapy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.07.2024; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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