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1.
Comparative study of various renewable fuels blends to run a diesel power plant
Eloisa Torres Jiménez, Marta Svoljšak, Andreja Gregorc, M. P. Dorado, Breda Kegl, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: In this paper bioethanol/diesel and bioethanol/biodiesel blends, at several concentrations and temperatures, are studied to find its possible commercial usage as a fuel to run a diesel power plant. The tested fuels were: net mineral diesel fuel (D100) , 5 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E5D95), 10 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E10D90), 15 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E15D85), neat biodiesel (B100), 5 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E5B95), 10 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E10B90), and 15 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E15B85). The fuels were tested at: 30, 25, 8 and -18 C. This paper shows the observations done in 8 samples during 5 weeks. After each week, each sample was overviewed, and changes related to stability, colour and aggregation were recorded. It has been proved that additives are not necessary to ensure stability of bioethanol/biodiesel blends under low temperature conditions, as the phase separation never happens. But in case of bioethanol/diesel blends some additives are necessary to keep stability under low temperature conditions. Based on this study, it can be concluded that blends of biodiesel fuel with bioethanol up to 15% can be used to fuel a diesel power plant if engine performance tests corroborate it. The same conclusion can be applied to blends of diesel fuel with bioethanol up to 15% blends if additives to keep stability are added.
Ključne besede: alternative fuels, biodiesel, bioethanol, heat engines, fuels blend
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1497; Prenosov: 0

2.
Comparative study of various renewable fuels blends to run a diesel power plant
Eloisa Torres Jiménez, Marta Svoljšak, Andreja Gregorc, M. P. Dorado, Breda Kegl, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: In this paper bioethanol/diesel and bioethanol/biodiesel blends, at several concentrations and temperatures, are studied to find its possible commercial usage as a fuel to run a diesel power plant. The tested fuels were: net mineral diesel fuel (D100) , 5 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E5D95), 10 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E10D90), 15 % bioethanol/diesel fuel blend (v/v) (E15D85), neat biodiesel (B100), 5 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E5B95), 10 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E10B90), and 15 % bioethanol/biodiesel blend (v/v) (E15B85). The fuels were tested at: 30, 25, 8and -18 C. This paper shows the observations done in 8 samples during 5 weeks. After each week, each sample was overviewed, and changes related to stability, colour and aggregation were recorded. It has been proved that additives are not necessary to ensure stability of bioethanol/biodiesel blends under low temperature conditions, as the phase separation never happens.But in case of bioethanol/diesel blends some additives are necessary to keep stability under low temperature conditions. Based on this study, it can be concluded that blends of biodiesel fuel with bioethanol up to 15% can be used to fuel a diesel power plant if engine performance tests corroborate it. The same conclusion can be applied to blends of diesel fuel with bioethanol up to 15% blends if additives to keep stability are added.
Ključne besede: alternative fuel, biodiesel, bioethanol, heat engines, fuels blend
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1079; Prenosov: 0

3.
Biodiesel influence on tribology characteristics of a diesel engine
Stanislav Pehan, Marta Svoljšak, Marko Kegl, Breda Kegl, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper deals with the influence of biodiesel on some tribology characteristics of a bus diesel engine with a mechanically controlled fuel injection system. The tests have been performed on a fully equipped engine test bed, on a fuel injection test bed and on a discharge coefficient testing device. The tested fuel was neat biodiesel produced from rapeseed. Attention was focused on the biodiesel influence on the pump plunger surface roughness, on the carbon deposits in the combustion chamber, on the injector and in the injector nozzle hole. The pump plunger surface was analyzed by experimentally determined roughness parameters and by a microscope. The carbon deposits at fuel injector and in the combustion chamber were examined using endoscopic inspection. The deposits in the injector nozzle were investigated indirectly by measuring the nozzle discharge coefficient. Numerical simulation has been performed in order to estimate the influence of the discharge coefficient variation on the computed injection characteristics. The obtained results indicate that biodiesel usage may even improve the pump plunger lubrication conditions. Furthermore, the carbon deposits in the combustion chambers did not vary significantly in quantity but they were noticeably redistributed. Finally, it was found out that the variation of the nozzle discharge coefficient has to be taken into account only if high accuracy of numerical simulation is desired.
Ključne besede: biodiesel, surface roughness, carbon deposits
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1333; Prenosov: 69
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