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Methodology improvements to simulate performance and emissions of engine transient cycles from stationary operating modes: A case study applied to biofuels
Fernando Cruz-Peragón, Eloisa Torres Jiménez, Luka Lešnik, Octavio Armas, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the present study engine/vehicle responses from a standardized transient test cycle are estimated using 13 stationary operating regimes following a previously developed methodology. The main advantage of the methodology tested is that allows obtaining an estimation of transient parameters in a stationary test bench, which requirements are much less demanding than those of the transient test bench. The objectives are: in one hand, to demonstrate that the methodology correctly estimates engine responses regardless of the fuel tested, as it is proposed in a previous paper and, on the other hand, to improve the methodology and the accuracy of the estimated parameters. The fuels tested are renewable fuels from different raw materials (biodiesel from rapeseed, sunflower, and soybean), and diesel fuel as the reference. Biodiesels were tested neat and blended (30% v/v) with diesel fuel. The engine is a common-rail light-duty one, and the standardized testing procedure used to illustrate the implementation of the methodology is the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Two design of experiments (DoE) of 13 runs each were analyzed. One of the DoE tested was proposed for characterizing the NEDC, referred as to CTDoE design, while the other one is a five-level fractional factorial design (FFDoE) that adequately matches the optimality criteria of orthogonality, D-optimal criterion, rotatability, and space-filling. The original methodology was improved by the implementation of a new fitting function that simulates the cold start effect over the engine parameters and by an new definition of the boundary in the [n,M] domain. These improvements showed significantly higher accuracy of the estimated engine parameters obtained, both instantaneous and accumulated, respect to the original methodology. The results obtained based on the application of the FFDoE design support the feasibility of the methodology tested. Engine performance and regulated emissions responses, such as intake air and fuel mass flow rate, thermomechanical exergy rate, exhaust gas residual heat rate, total hydrocarbons (THC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) emissions from a transient test were instantaneously and cumulatively predicted with high accuracy using the engine responses from 13 steady-state operating modes.
Ključne besede: simulation, light duty diesel engine, transient cycle, biodiesel, design of experiments, cold start correction function
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.09.2023; Ogledov: 281; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,39 MB)
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