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Native cellulose nanofibrills induce immune tolerance in vitro by acting on dendritic cells
Sergej Tomić, Vanja Kokol, Dušan Mihajlović, Aleksandar Mirčić, Miodrag Čolić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Cellulose nanofibrills (CNFs) are attractive biocompatible, natural nanomaterials for wide biomedical applications. However, the immunological mechanisms of CNFs have been poorly investigated. Considering that dendritic cells (DCs) are the key immune regulatory cells in response to nanomaterials, our aim was to investigate the immunological mechanisms of CNFs in a model of DC-mediated immune response. We found that non-toxic concentrations of CNFs impaired the differentiation, and subsequent maturation of human monocyte-derived (mo)-DCs. In a co-culture with CD4+T cells, CNF-treated mo-DCs possessed a weaker allostimulatory and T helper (Th)1 and Th17 polarizing capacity, but a stronger capacity to induce Th2 cells and CD4+CD25hiFoxP3hi regulatory T cells. This correlated with an increased immunoglobulin-like transcript-4 and indolamine dioxygenase-1 expression by CNF-treated mo-DCs, following the partial internalization of CNFs and the accumulation of CD209 and actin bundles at the place of contacts with CNFs. Cumulatively, we showed that CNFs are able to induce an active immune tolerance by inducing tolerogenic DCs, which could be beneficial for the application of CNFs in wound healing and chronic inflammation therapies.
Ključne besede: nanocellulose, cytotoxicity, T-cell proliferation, cytokine production, in vitro
Objavljeno: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 244; Prenosov: 39
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,87 MB)
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