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1.
Assistive digital technology to promote quality of life and independent living for older adults through improved self-regulation : ǂa ǂscoping review
Gaja Zager Kocjan, Tanja Špes, Matija Svetina, Nejc Plohl, Urška Smrke, Izidor Mlakar, Bojan Musil, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Digital technologies can be a key component in helping older adults maintain their autonomy and quality of life in their homes and communities. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the existing literature on the role of assistive digital technologies in promoting a higher quality of life and independent living for older adults by supporting their self-regulation in various aspects of daily living. The review was conducted and reported in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Major electronic databases were searched to identify relevant articles published between 2012 and 2022. A total of 972 articles were identified, of which 19 articles met all inclusion criteria. Results are presented in four categories: (i) types of digital technologies, (ii) quality of life domains, (iii) quality of life benefits, and (iv) technological aspects supporting self-regulation. Our review also showed that successful adoption of assistive technologies depends on older adults’ trust in these technologies and the perceived benefits of technological support. Early involvement of older adults in the development of assistive technologies appears to play an important role in their technological self-efficacy. The limitations of the studies reviewed are discussed, and some general guidelines for future research in this area are suggested.
Ključne besede: digitalna tehnologija, podporna tehnologija, kakovost življenja, staranje, samouravnavanje, pregledni članek, digital technology, assistive technology, quality of life, aging, self-regulation, scoping review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.02.2024; Ogledov: 53; Prenosov: 1
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2.
Enteralna prehrana v domači oskrbi
Irena Rihter, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: Uvod: Področje enteralne prehrane v domači oskrbi se vse bolj uveljavlja kot nujna komponenta v zdravstveni oskrbi. Je način hranjenja, pri katerem je formula enteralne hrane bolniku preko cevke aplicirana v prebavni trakt in se izvaja na bolnikovem domu. Namen zaključnega dela je bilo raziskati uporabo enteralne prehrane na domu, kakovost življenja bolnikov s takim načinom hranjenja in težave s katerimi se srečujejo. Metode: Izvedli smo pregled literature v podatkovnih bazah PubMed, CINAHL in ScienceDirect. S PRISMA diagramom smo prikazali potek pregleda literature, z orodjem Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) smo izvedli kritično oceno dokazov. Rezultati: V končno analizo je bilo vključenih sedem člankov. Ugotovili smo, da se z multidisciplinarnim pristopom, izobraževanjem bolnikov in izvajalcev nege na domu ter z učinkovito komunikacijo lahko zmanjša tveganje za zaplete pri takem načinu hranjenja, zagotovi se boljša kakovost bolnikovega življenja in nižji stroški zdravstvene oskrbe. Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava je pokazala, da uporaba enteralne prehrane na domu ugodno vpliva na bolnikovo zdravstveno stanje in kakovost življenja. Z različnimi multidisciplinarnimi timi in izobraževanji bi se lažje spopadali s težavami, s katerimi se srečujejo bolniki v domačem okolju. Izbrano področje je premalo raziskano. V prihodnje bi bilo treba narediti več raziskav o kakovosti življenja bolnika z enteralno prehrano v domačem okolju, se seznaniti s težavami s katerimi se srečujejo, s čimer bi pridobili več statističnih podatkov.
Ključne besede: enteralna prehrana, domača oskrba, kakovost življenja, odrasli
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.02.2024; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,26 MB)

3.
Kompetence na področju logistike 4.0 : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študijskega programa
Anja Blažan Cvikl, 2023, diplomsko delo

Opis: V diplomskem delu so obravnavane kompetence na področju logistike 4.0. S pomočjo analize objavljenih zaposlitvenih oglasov prostih delovnih mest v Sloveniji v obdobju od januarja 2020 do konca junija 2020 je bila narejena raziskava o tem, katere kompetence so zahtevane v logistiki in oskrbovalnih verigah in če so to kompetence, ki so značilne za logistiko 4.0. Diplomsko delo je sestavljeno iz teoretičnega in empiričnega dela. V teoretičnem delu smo podrobno raziskali kompetence, definicije kompetenc, delitev kompetenc in opredelili kompetence v logistiki. Poudarek je predvsem na kompetencah v logistiki 4.0. V empiričnem delu smo proučili in analizirali zaposlitvene oglase, raziskali, katere kompetence potrebuje zaposleni v Sloveniji oz. katere kompetence zahtevajo delodajalci na delovnih mestih s področja logistike in oskrbovalnih verig. Kompetence smo po vzoru Grodek-Szostaka, Ochoa Siguencia, Szelag-Sikora in Marzana (2020) razdelili v tri skupine; tehnične, metodološke in socialne kompetence. Rezultati kažejo, da so najbolj iskane socialne kompetence, sledijo jim metodološke, najmanj zahtev pa je po tehničnih kompetencah. Med socialnimi kompetencami prevladuje potreba po znanju tujega jezika. Znotraj skupine metodoloških kompetenc so najpogosteje iskane administracijske veščine. Najbolj iskana kompetenca v skupini tehničnih kompetenc pa je osnovno znanje računalništva. Pet najpomembnejših in najpogosteje zahtevanih kompetenc v Sloveniji predstavljajo znanje tujega jezika, komunikacijske veščine, osnovno znanje računalništva, timsko delo in administracijske veščine. Nekaterih pomembnih kompetence s področja logistike 4.0, kot so na primer znanje na področju avtomatizacije procesov in robotizacije, znanje naprednih informacijskih tehnologij, programiranje itd., delodajalci v Sloveniji še ne zahtevajo, čeprav so ključne za razvoj logistike v sklopu industrije 4.0.
Ključne besede: kompetence, industrija 4.0, logistika 4.0, zaposlitveni oglasi, digitalizacija, oskrbovalna veriga
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.02.2024; Ogledov: 63; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,11 MB)

4.
PALANTIR : An NFV-Based Security-as-a-Service Approach for Automating Threat Mitigation
Maxime Compastié, Antonio López Martínez, Carolina Fernandez, Manuel Gil Pérez, Stylianos Tsarsitalidis, George Xylouris, Izidor Mlakar, Michail Alexandros Kourtis, Valentino Šafran, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Small and medium enterprises are significantly hampered by cyber-threats as they have inherently limited skills and financial capacities to anticipate, prevent, and handle security incidents. The EU-funded PALANTIR project aims at facilitating the outsourcing of the security supervision to external providers to relieve SMEs/MEs from this burden. However, good practices for the operation of SME/ME assets involve avoiding their exposure to external parties, which requires a tightly defined and timely enforced security policy when resources span across the cloud continuum and need interactions. This paper proposes an innovative architecture extending Network Function Virtualisation to externalise and automate threat mitigation and remediation in cloud, edge, and on-premises environments. Our contributions include an ontology for the decision-making process, a Fault-and-Breach-Management-based remediation policy model, a framework conducting remediation actions, and a set of deployment models adapted to the constraints of cloud, edge, and on-premises environment(s). Finally, we also detail an implementation prototype of the framework serving as evaluation material.
Ključne besede: Security-as-a-Service, security orchestration, policy-driven management, virtual network functions, finite state machines, constraints programming
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.02.2024; Ogledov: 90; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (963,42 KB)
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5.
Posebnosti in izzivi pri podpori socialnemu in čustvenemu učenju učencev z MAS s perspektive učiteljev : magistrsko delo
Lina Mlakar, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: V magistrskem delu smo raziskali, kaj učitelji, ki poučujejo v posebnem programu vzgoje in izobraževanja, zaznavajo kot posebnosti in izzivi pri nudenju podpore socialnemu in čustvenemu učenju učencev z nizko funkcionalno MAS ter kaj so po njihovem mnenju posebnosti in izzivi pri soočanju z lastnim socialnim in čustvenim učenjem. Poleg glavnega cilja smo želeli odgovoriti tudi na specifične cilje, ki so pripomogli h glavnemu in smo jih zasledovali v empiričnem delu magistrskega dela. V teoretičnem delu smo predstavili avtizem oz. motnje avtističnega spektra (MAS), triado primanjkljajev, pridružene težave, socialno in čustveno učenje (tudi učencev z MAS) ter področja le-tega, čustveno inteligentnost učiteljev, odnos med učitelji in učenci z MAS, čustvovanje učiteljev, čustveno delo in njihove osnovne kvalitete ter strategije podpore socialnemu in čustvenemu učenju učencev z MAS. V kvalitativni raziskavi je sodelovalo osem učiteljic posebnega programa vzgoje in izobraževanja, ki poučujejo učence z nizko funkcionalno MAS. Na podlagi rezultatov smo pridobili odgovore petih sklopov raziskovalnih vprašanj, in sicer na učiteljevo socialno in čustveno učenje, učiteljevo podporo socialnemu in čustvenemu učenju učencev z nizko funkcionalno MAS, osnovne kvalitete učiteljev, medsebojne odnose med učitelji in učenci ter na čustvovanje učiteljev v odnosu do učencev z nizko funkcionalno MAS.
Ključne besede: Socialno in čustveno učenje, učenci z MAS, posebnosti in izzivi, podpora, učitelji.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.01.2024; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,10 MB)

6.
The role of religion in legends about Turkish attacks
Anja Mlakar, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: An analysis of Slovenian legends about Turkish raids was made to identify and analyze religious elements in them. The legends express superiority of Christianity, but also contain belief elements that diverge from Christian teachings, such as traditional Slavic beliefs about the afterlife. The mixture of different beliefs can summarized under the term “vernacular religion”. The Turks in folklore represented an archetypal demonic “Other” and as such they threaten the “Our” world. In these legends traditional and pre-Christian beliefs were intermixed with Christian symbolism and characters and as such they express the diversity and flexibility of religious imagery.
Ključne besede: Turkish raids, vernacular religion, Christianity, otherness, sacred space, sacrilege, the world beyond, miracles
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.01.2024; Ogledov: 87; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,92 MB)
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7.
Palčava šiša
Helena Jakovina, Nadja Mlakar, 2021, samostojni strokovni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 72; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (103,35 MB)
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8.
Valuable ancient remnants and superstitious foolishness : religiosity, nationalism, and enchantment in 19th century Slovenian folklore
Anja Mlakar, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Based on Slovenian folklore from the second half of the 19th century, the paper addresses the unexplored topic of the intermixing of folklore with Catholicism and the role of this folklore in the process of Slovenian nation building. Based on an analysis of articles published in the newspaper Kmetijske in rokodelske novice, the author of the paper reveals an inconsistent discourse with regard to the vernacular Slovenian religiosity: everything associated with Christianity is praised, while nonChristian folklore elements are either praised (“Pagan remnants”) or condemned (“superstition”). In the search for enchantment, which is seemingly disappearing due to modernisation, Slovenian intellectuals projected the wonderous into the past and the lower levels of society. Vernacular religiosity in 19th century Slovenian lands is distinctly multilayered and eludes moral evaluations and any attempts to control it. The original contribution of the article is an analysis of the use and reinterpretation of folklore with religious elements in the process of Slovenian nation building and the role of the concept of „enchantment“ in the perception of folklore at that time.
Ključne besede: religiosity, nationalism, enchantment, Slovenian folklore, 19th century
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.01.2024; Ogledov: 168; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,88 MB)
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9.
Variable-length differential evolution for numerical and discrete association rule mining
Uroš Mlakar, Iztok Fister, Iztok Fister, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper proposes a variable-length Differential Evolution for Association Rule Mining. The proposed algorithm includes a novel representation of individuals, which can encode both numerical and discrete attributes in their original or absolute complement of the original intervals. The fitness function used is comprised of a weighted sum of Support and Confidence Association Rule Mining metrics. The proposed algorithm was tested on fourteen publicly available, and commonly used datasets from the UC Irvine Machine Learning Repository. It is also compared to the nature inspired algorithms taken from the NiaARM framework, providing superior results. The implementation of the proposed algorithm follows the principles of Green Artificial Intelligence, where a smaller computational load is required for obtaining promising results, and thus lowering the carbon footprint.
Ključne besede: association rule mining, differential evolution, data mining, variable-lenght solution representation, green AI
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.01.2024; Ogledov: 95; Prenosov: 0

10.
Influence of explainer videos in marketing communication for tourism and health services
Tanja Sedej, Sonja Mlaker Kač, 2022, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Digital marketing has been gaining more attention in last years. Several researchers have shown that it is a very powerful tool in the field of storytelling. In the last decade tourism has changed from typical destination marketing to approaches that often use storytelling, augmented reality, the sharing economy, all-year tourism, etc. Most of these tourism offers can be best promoted via digital media. Especially when it comes to the younger generation, social and digital media are crucial for success. Our research focuses on explainer videos and their importance in marketing for the tourism sector aimed at young people. Our research was conducted with a group of Slovenian students. The results show that explainer videos have great potential in field of destination marketing, event promotion (such as for sport and cultural events) and services (such as sharing-economy systems and health services) among the student population. Our research has also shown the content and animation/images used in explainer videos are the most important elements in attracting and holding the attention of younger generation.
Ključne besede: explainer videos, storytelling, tourism, health services, marketing
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.01.2024; Ogledov: 115; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (19,75 MB)
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