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Prisoner rehabilitation in Serbia
Želimir Kešetović, Biljana Simeunović-Patić, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The paper gives a brief overview of the history and past developments of prison rehabilitation in the Republic of Serbia, as well as a more detailed description of present situation in the domain of the execution of institutional penal sanctions, in both normative and practical aspects. Design/Methodology/Approach: For the purpose of the analysis, legislative documents were taken into account, as well as official data and reports of the Prison Administration of the Ministry of Justice and NGOs reports. Findings: The new treatment concept is based on the latest scientific achievements on crime and experiences of modern and developed penal systems Europe-wide. It is primarily focused on better classification of convicted persons by the level of risk, individual characteristics, needs and ability to adopt positive interventions through the penal system. Particularly important is that external control of work of penal institutions is provided, through the institution of Protector of Citizens. However there is still need of further developments in the domains of prison rehabilitation/treatments, and particularly of aftercare and post-penal assistance, in order to reach the substantial improvements in ex-prisoners’ social inclusion, reduction re-offending rates and crime prevention. Research limitations/implications: More reliable conclusions on overall effects of prison rehabilitations could be derived only on the basis of particularly tailored comprehensive longitudinal research. Rather new legislation and ongoing reform of the concept of prison administration are objective external research limitations. Practical implications: This paper emphasises the importance of after care and post-penal assistance as a problem that should be addressed in comprehensive manner by Ministry of Justice, together with other relevant ministries and agencies in Serbian government. Originality/Value: This paper is among few attempts of Serbian prisoner rehabilitation evaluation.
Ključne besede: prison system, prisoner, rehabilitation, execution of penal sanctions, Serbia
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 323; Prenosov: 10
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Perceptions of the Belgrade police detectives about core principles of democratic policing in Serbia
Radomir Zekavica, Želimir Kešetović, Tanja Kesić, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The main subject of this paper is the analysis of attitudes of police officers (detectives) in Belgrade Criminal Investigation Department (CID) about the core principles of democratic policing – protecting the citizens, commitment to the law, legal constraints of police activities and their impact on the effectiveness of policing, control of police and their legal liability. We also analyzed their views on legal solutions regulating the application of those police powers which are of greatest importance for the protection of human rights and freedoms of citizens. Design/Methods/Approach: The work is based on empirical research conducted in the period from September to October 2009 which included 250 (a 25 % sample) police officers in the Belgrade Police Depatment. The questionnaire comprised 49 question, the first six of which pertaining to demographic data. Most questions were of the closed form. Findings: The results of the research show that Belgrade police highly value objectives that are in the function of protecting interests of citizens, cooperation with citizens and absence of all forms of discrimination. They have shown animosity towards the law, as they perceive the law as a factor that limits thier efficiency. Efficiency of the police work is higly valued even at the cost of potentially violating human rights during the investigation. They consider the control of police work neccessary, preceiving the forms of internal control more useful than external control, especially those exerted by courts. Research limitations: This is an exploratory research, its results show tendencies and broad generalizations are not possible. Practical implications: Research results can be useful for police managers and for trainers in adjusting performance and attitudes of police officers in Belgrade PD. Originality/Value: The paper presents the findings of research upon which conclusions have been drawn regarding the perception of subjects regarding the most important issues arising from the democratic reform of police in Serbia.
Ključne besede: police, law, efficiency, human rights, control, accountability
Objavljeno: 04.05.2020; Ogledov: 259; Prenosov: 12
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