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Solubility of carnosic acid and carnosol from rosemary extract in supercritical $CO_2$
Klavdija Rižnar, Štefan Čelan, Mojca Škerget, Željko Knez, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rosemary leaves extract are known to have significant antioxidant properties and are widely used in foods and nutritional supplements. Compounds responsible for these antioxidant properties are mainly the phenolic diterpenes. The major phenolic diterpenes are carnosic acid and carnosol. Much interest has been focused on the isolation of carnosic acid, due to its wide spectrum of actions and beneficial effects on human health. In this work a natural rosemary extract, containing 73.9% carnosic acid and 14.7% carnosol, was investigated regarding the solubility of carnosic acid and carnosol in supercritical $CO_2$. The solubility measurements, using a static-analytic method, were performed at temperatures 40, 60 and 80 °C and at pressures ranging from 98 to 402 bar. The Chrastil model was used to correlate the obtained experimental solubility data.
Ključne besede: rožmarin, karnozolna kislina, topnost, karnozol, topnost
Objavljeno: 11.08.2015; Ogledov: 1137; Prenosov: 67
.pdf Celotno besedilo (113,86 KB)
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3.
Effect of solid state fermentation medium optimization on Pleurotus ostreatus laccase production
Nataša Belšak, Andrej Gregori, Maja Leitgeb, Dušan Klinar, Štefan Čelan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The objective of this work was to increase laccase production by Pleurotus ostreatus PLAB through culture medium optimization using solid-state culture conditions. Increased laccase activity was obtained through the design of experiments (DOE) using the Taguchi orthogonal array (OA). Seven factors, viz. lignocellulose, glucose, yeast extract, peptone, $KH_2PO_4$, $MgSO_4$ · $7H_2O$ and $MnSO_4$ · $H_2O$ at three levels and pH at two levels with OA layout of L18 ($2^1 × 3^7$) were selected for the proposed experimental design using Minitab 17 software. Data analysis showed that lignocellulose (20%) and glucose (10 g $L^{–1}$) had a positive effect, whereas $KH_2PO_4$, $MgSO_4$ · $7H_2O$ and $MnSO_4$ · $H_2O$ did not have a significant effect on laccase production. Taguchi OA analysis showed that pH 6, lignocellulose 20%, glucose 10 g $L^{–1}$, yeast extract 6 g $L^{–1}$, peptone 15 g $L^{–1}$, $KH_2PO_4$ 3 g $L^{–1}$, $MgSO_4$ · $7H_2O$ 0.5 g $L^{–1}$ and $MnSO_4$ · $H_2O$ 0.1 g $L^{–1}$ were the optimal conditions to maximize laccase production. The model predicted a 30.37 U $g^{–1}$ dry wt., which agreed with the experimentally obtained laccase activity 29.15 U $g^{–1}$ dry wt. at optimal conditions.
Ključne besede: Taguchi method (DOE), orthogonal array, optimization, Pleurotus ostreatus, laccase production, solid state fermentation
Objavljeno: 18.08.2017; Ogledov: 478; Prenosov: 176
.pdf Celotno besedilo (126,99 KB)
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