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1.
A new method for determining extra time by considering ergonomic loads in the garment and metal working industries
Vekoslav Verhovnik, Andrej Polajnar, 1993, original scientific article

Abstract: The changing labour conditions in the garment and metal-working industries have led to the necessity of determining new extra times to establish the time standard. In this paper, a method of measuring stress and strain imposed upon the operator in new working conditions by determining the additional production coefficient is presented. The method gives criteria and grades to assess stress at the workplace. Physical stress (dynamic and static), thermal and visual stress, discomfort caused by noise, aerosols, gases and vapours, and the stress due to monotony are assessed. The stresses are expressed by ecological, physiological and psychological indexes. The indexes are pondered. Ponderation includes the factor of the magnitude and the time of exposure to stress. Ponderation is expressed by the number of points, the total being an adequate presentation of the stresses. Stress and strain decrease the working performance of the operator. Therefore they must be included in the standard to compensate for the operator's lower working efficiency due to physical and psychological strain at the workplace, Short breaks and stops allowed during work enable the operator to perform work tasks without getting excessively tired. The necessary correction of the production time is made by applying the ergonomic coefficient Ker.
Keywords: job analysis, production planning, stress assessment, time study, working conditions, working environment
Published: 30.03.2017; Views: 347; Downloads: 51
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2.
Similarities and differences of health-promoting leadership and transformational leadership
Anita Dunkl, Paul Jiménez, Simona Šarotar Žižek, Borut Milfelner, Wolfgang Kallus, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The concept of health-promoting leadership focuses on the interaction between the organization and the individual by identifying components able to positively influence employees’ working conditions. In the present study, the effects of health-promoting leadership and transformational leadership on the employees’ recovery–stress balance are investigated. In an online study, 212 Slovenian workers were asked about their perceptions of their direct supervisors and their work-related stress and recovery. The results showed that both leadership styles have a significant effect on employees’ recovery at the workplace, which mediated the relationship between leadership and work-related stress.
Keywords: conditions, health-promoting leadership, transformational leadership, stress, recovery, working environment
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 327; Downloads: 168
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3.
Strategies and programs for managing stress in work settings
Sonja Treven, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: In the paper the author first defines the term stress as well as presents the economic consequences of stress. Then she describes the factors within the work environment and the factors without the work environment that may cause stress. In particular, she examines the individual differences that influence our inclination to stressors and also how to manage them efficiently. Besides,the strategies and programs developed in organizations as an assistance to their employees for easier stress control are discussed widely as well.
Keywords: stress, working conditions, strategy, programs, work performance, working relationships
Published: 04.07.2017; Views: 307; Downloads: 56
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