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Perspectives on the introduction of computer-supported real laboratory exercises into biology teaching in secondary schools
Andreja Špernjak, Andrej Šorgo, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Computer supported virtual and real laboratories are recognized as tools that can help in raising the quality of biology instruction, and raising development competences in students. Yet biology teachers have been treating the computer as typewriter, as a source of information and as a tool for communication, all of which usages are common to all subjects. The uses of ICT that can significantly help in developing scientific literacy and that are primary tools in science teaching - such as the use of data loggers - are only rarely on the syllabus. The lack of equipment is not the most important reason for failure to use such applications; instead, this is probably due to teachers' attitudes, opinions and knowledge. Students cannot be recognized as an obstacle in working with ICT. Lawer secondary school students aged between 10 and 14 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) using three different methods: classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing, we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When students were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, with virtual laboratory in the third place.
Keywords: education, biology, secondary education, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, simulations
Published: 15.12.2017; Views: 423; Downloads: 46
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Secondary school students' perspectives on and attitudes towards laboratory work in biology
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Interest in Biology among secondary school students in Slovenia is dropping from year to year. 1,046 secondary school students were surveyed about their preferred number of group mates in the laboratory, their attitudes towards and positive and negative views of laboratory work in Biology. From the students' perspective, the preferred way of teaching biology would be a mixture of interesting lectures and laboratory activities where they would have the opportunity to find solutions to the problems on their own through work in small groups. This is in direct opposition to prevailing teaching practice, where lectures are the dominant way of teaching. To overcome the loss of interest in Biology among students, action is needed immediately. Bridging the gap between students' perspectives on and opinions-about good teaching practice and actual teaching practice should follow three tracks: the first one involves changes to the syllabus in such a way that less is more; the second one requires rewriting of manuals and textbooks, and the third is a change in the teaching practice of individual teachers. If for the first two teachers can find the excuse that this is outside their sphere of competence, there can be no excuse for avoiding immediate changes in teaching techniques.
Keywords: education, biology, secondary education, attitudes, laboratory work, students
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 292; Downloads: 45
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What is the tendency in biology virtual field trips?
Miro Puhek, Matej Perše, Andrej Šorgo, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: There is no doubt any more that virtual worlds are suitable for school environment. It was shown by various researchers that they can contribute in supplying students with additional information, help them to visualise subjects, respond with answer on demand or even in some cases supplement the real materials. Based on the real experience, the virtual field trail Walk on Maribor Island was developed for biology and natural science classes in lower secondary school. The trail is presented through eight exercises that differentiate not only in theme, but also in difficultness, fun, background idea etc. In spring 2011, 133 eighth grade students worked on the virtual field trail during the biology class. After the work on exercises, students were asked to analyse the exercises regarding the level of difficultness, level of interest and level of proficiency. The main aim of the study was to present the tendency in biology virtual field trips that should be taken into consideration before the development of new exercises.
Keywords: education, biology teaching, field trip, field work
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 413; Downloads: 38
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Teaching information system technology in partnership with IT companies
Viljan Mahnič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: We describe an example of partnership between a university and some major IT companies - IBM and Microsoft - to teach a course on information systems technology. The course is taught in the fifth (final) year of the university undergraduate program when students have already mastered the basic theoretical knowledge of information system development. For this reason, the course content was restructured to pay more attention to practical experience and the learning opportunities available within the environment of professional industry. During the course, students get acquainted with IBM and Microsoft products and the tools that support the development of online information systems. Special attention is devoted to group project work, which is not just intended for the improvement of technical skills, but also for the aqusition of transferrable skills such as teamwork, management/leadership, planning and organizing, presentation and documentation, searching for information, etc. We describe our experience from teaching the course in the academic years 2005/06 and 2006/07. A description of the course content is given and the results of a survey among the students are presented. Students responded favourably to the new approach and found the course very useful and interesting.
Keywords: computer engineering education, university-industry co-operation, group project work, information systems technology
Published: 22.01.2018; Views: 197; Downloads: 144
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Work-life balance by area, actual situation and expectations
Tatjana Kozjek, Nina Tomaževič, Janez Stare, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: The question of work-life balance (WLB) is an area where increasing attention is being paid nowadays. States, organisations and employees all have responsibility and a role to play in WLB. This article presents the important areas of the WLB by key players in this field. Purpose:The purpose of the research was to compare and analyse the differences between the actual situation and the expectations of employers and employees with regard to specific areas of WLB in Slovenia. Methodology: Data was gathered using the Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI) method. In the first part of the research project, employers across all sectors of the economy in Slovenia were questioned and in second part focussed on employees. In order to verify the areas in which employers and employees agree and those in which there are differences in perception, multidimensional scaling (MDS) was used. Results: The results of our research show that Slovenian organisations must pay more attention to flexible working time, the employeesʼ ability to take time off to care for family members, time and stress management workshops and paid leave for parents on a childʼs first day of school. Conclusion: A significant role in WLB is played by organisations. The incorporation of WLB strategies into the strategic and financial planning of an organisation can, in fact, have positive business, economic and social effects. Employees have to express their expectations and needs, which is the only way that employers can be made aware of their problems and help with WLB. State responsibility is to encourage all social partners to shape the living environment in which employeesʼ can achieve a good WLB with an emphasison gender equality.
Keywords: work-life balance, employer, employee, multidimensional scaling, Slovenia
Published: 23.01.2018; Views: 309; Downloads: 64
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Zavzetost medicinskih sester na Kliničnem oddelku za vaskularno nevrologijo in intenzivno nevrološko terapijo (KOVNINT)
Nataša Milojevič, 2018, master's thesis/paper

Abstract: V današnjem času zavzetost zaposlenih predstavlja ključ do uspešnega delovanja vsake organizacije. V prvem delu magistrskega dela predstavljamo osnovne teoretične opredelitve in ugotovitve o zavzetosti zaposlenih – predstavitev vprašalnikov, ki se uporabljata za merjenje zavzetosti, in sicer Gallup's Q12 in Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-17). Aktivna zavzetost zaposlenih zagotavlja večjo delovno in s tem poslovno uspešnost. Na zavzetost vplivajo različni dejavniki. Ob pomoči raziskave dokazujemo stopnjo zavzetosti za delo na Kliničnem oddelku za vaskularno nevrologijo in nevrološko intenzivno terapijo (KOVNINT), ob tem pa bo raziskava razkrila tudi, kolikšen delež zaposlenih je zavzetih, kolikšen nezavzetih in aktivno nezavzetih. V empiričnem delu tako predstavljamo lastno raziskavo o merjenju zavzetosti, ki je bila opravljena med zaposlenimi v zdravstveni negi na oddelku KOVNINT. Merili smo jo s pomočjo 5-stopenjske lestvice – z metodo Gallup Q12 in s pomočjo 7-stopenjske lestvice – z vprašalnikom UWES-17. Z ugotovitvami raziskave bomo poskušali oddelek KOVNINT opozoriti na pomembnost zavzetosti zaposlenih za delo, saj so zavzeti zaposleni učinkovitejši pri opravljanju in izvajanju nalog ter kakovostno izvajanje zdravstvene nege.
Keywords: zavzetost pri delu, zavzetost zaposlenih, merjenje zavzetosti, Gallup Q12, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES).
Published: 11.04.2018; Views: 406; Downloads: 99
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Zavzetost zaposlenih – testiranje zanesljivosti teoretičnega modela UWES -17 v Podjetju X
Irma Kušter, 2018, master's thesis/paper

Abstract: Pojem »zavzetost zaposlenih« se je pričel pojavljati pred približno dvajsetimi leti, najprej kot antipod pojmu »izgorelost zaposlenih«. Zavzetost opisuje, kako zaposleni racionalno razmišljajo o svoji organizaciji, kako čutijo o njej ter v kolikšni meri so aktivni pri doseganju organizacijskih ciljev. V prvi vrsti pa predstavlja psihološko navezanost zaposlenih na organizacijo, v kateri so zaposleni in so najpomembnejši dejavnik uspešnosti organizacije. Cilj naše raziskave je bil izmeriti zavzetost na vzorcu zaposlenih v enem od sektorjev v Podjetju X ter na pridobljenih podatkih testirati zanesljivost teoretičnega modela za merjenje zavzetosti UWES – 17. Podatke smo pridobili s spletnim anketiranjem z že obstoječim vprašalnikom UWES -17. V teoretičnem delu smo predstavili zgodovino ter povzeli definicije zavzetosti, dejavnike zavzetosti in značilnosti zavzetih zaposlenih. Proučili smo metode merjenja zavzetosti nekaj največjih in najbolj znanih raziskovalnih podjetij, ki s svojimi modeli izvajajo merjenja in izobražujejo po vsem svetu. Zanimale so nas zadnje opravljene raziskave in rezultati merjenj. V empiričnem delu smo s statističnim programom SPSS analizirali podatke, predstavili opisne statistike ter nekaj bivariatnih analiz, s katerimi smo izmerili povprečno stopnjo skupne zavzetosti ter opravili primerjave stopnje zavzetosti med skupinami zaposlenih glede na nekatere demografske dejavnike. Nato smo s faktorsko analizo testirali naše raziskovalno vprašanje »Ali bo faktorska analiza na pridobljenih podatkih v Podjetju X pokazala enake rezultate, kot so klasificirani po metodi UWES – 17?«. Ugotovili smo zelo visoko korelacijo med faktorji, namesto treh dimenzij zavzetosti pa smo v našem modelu identificirali le dve kategoriji zavzetosti. V prvo kategorijo smo dobili združene vse dejavnike dveh kategorij zavzetosti teoretičnega modela UWES -17, predanost in vpletenost ( ang. Absorption in Dedication), naša druga kategorija pa je identična kategoriji teoretičnega modela in vsebuje vseh šest dimenzij kategorije vitalnost (ang. Vigor).
Keywords: zavzetost, dejavniki zavzetosti, model merjenja zavzetosti, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES)
Published: 22.06.2018; Views: 437; Downloads: 68
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The impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout on work engagement of older employees
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Marijan Cingula, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: The main objective of the paper is to determine the impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees on their work engagement in large- and medium- sized companies in Slovenia. The research is based on the implementation of a factor analysis by which we wanted to reduce the large number of variables into a smaller number of factors. With those factors, we performed a simple linear regression. Based on the results, we confirmed the hypothesis that behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees have a statistically significant negative impact on their work engagement. Well-being of employees of varying ages in the workplace is key for long-term effectiveness of companies. From this point of view, companies should apply appropriate measures to reduce burnout as well as to contribute to employees’ well-being and better workplace performance, which is reflected in work engagement of employees.
Keywords: burnout, behavioral symptoms of burnout, older employees, work engagement
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 272; Downloads: 26
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Regular and temporary employees in project organized business pay different attention to preconditions for learning
Gunnar Augustsson, Maria Rasmusson, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The purpose is to investigate whether regular and temporary staff differ in their perceptions of preconditions for learning and if there are some qualitative aspects that can be considered particularly significant in these differences. Design/Methodology/Approach: The approach consists of a case study based on both quantitative and qualitative data collected via an online questionnaire and individual interviews. Results: The paper question the understanding of the organization as a singular and more or less cohesive unit. On an organizational level, the project owner who hires staff does not care for competence transfer between regulars and temps, or between different groups of staff. At the individual level, temps are more focused on their specific task compared to regulars. Regulars’ seems to safeguarding a community or an organizational perspective, while temps are looking for their own good. Conclusions: There is a risk that one social unit differs, in attention payed to preconditions for learning, from another, when an organization use temporary staff. Therefore, the scientific value of this paper is that using temps may result in or be a consequence of a fragmented organization. The findings show no competence transfer in projects with both temps and regulars, and the project owner takes no active responsibility for human resource planning in terms of competence transfer between different groups of staff. The implications underline that long-term efficiency and rationality in an organization does not always have priority over organizational affiliation even with the hiring of expertise. When this happens, it may lead to a fragmented personnel group that is divided in thinkers/organizers and, performers/doers. When this happens, important practical skills fall outside of the organization, which in a metaphorical sense means that the hand is separated from the brain. Therefore, organizations with temporary staff need to plan for how to enable competence transfer between temporary and regular staff.
Keywords: competence transfer, inter-organization, project organization, temporary work
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 126; Downloads: 124
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The transition of young people from study to employment in the light of student work
Vesna Novak, Anja Žnidaršič, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: We are living in a time of accelerated globalization, which has a far-reaching impact for youth employment. Therefore, the paper presents the problem of the transition of tertiary educated young people into the working environment in terms of the importance of education and gaining work experience during their studies. The main purpose of the study was to analyze the attitudes and thinking of students regarding the selection of studies and work experience that young people are gaining during their studies with student work in connection with their job prospects. Design/Methodology/Approach: The data used in our research come from a broader research on Slovenian Youths (SY) dating back to 2013. Among all the respondents of SY we selected those who classified themselves as students aged between 19 and 24, who filled out the part of the questionnaire pertaining to employment. The research hypotheses were tested with the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent samples t-test. Results: We found that among students who chose to study for different reasons there were differences in the belief that they will immediately find employment after graduating. We also found that between those students who supported themselves during their studies and those who only studied there were differences in individual statements regarding their transition from education to employment. We concluded that work during their studies, especially in the field of the profession they were studying for, had a positive impact on the thinking of students pertaining to the transition toward employment. Conclusion: The analysis of employment issues faced by young people with tertiary education was supported by empirical data, while in conclusion suggestions for improvement were presented. The article also deepens the understanding of the problems of youth employment in a broader perspective and the understanding of the observed developments in society.
Keywords: youth employment, tertiary education, work experience, job search
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 361; Downloads: 111
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