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International Scientific Conference "Learning to Live and Work Together"
2021, proceedings

Abstract: University of Maribor Faculty of Health Sciences is organizing the Online International Scientific Conference »LEARNING to Live and Work Together«, held on June 29th 2021. E-proceedings of the conference include most recent findings of domestic and foreign researchers and students in higher education, social work, nursing and health sciences. The conference aims to explore the quality of life for migrant students, transformative action in higher education, advances in nursing research and education as well as advanced nursing practice experience in Slovenian and international arena. It provides an opportunity to promote the development, dissemination and use of knowledge in the field of social work, nursing and health sciences for educators and health practitioners, furthermore they exchange research evidence, models of best practice and innovative ideas.
Keywords: higher education, social work, nursing, health sciences, conference, research
Published: 08.10.2021; Views: 68; Downloads: 4
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Systemic direction and supervision of police work in the Republic of Slovenia
Maja Modic, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of the target research project "Effectiveness of Systemic Supervision of the Police in Regard to Human Rights as well as the Statutory and Professional Standards of Police Work (V5-1942)". We focused on the implementation of systemic supervision of police work, more precisely, on the operations of the Division for System Guidelines and Supervision of the Police, which operates within the Police and Security Directorate. Design/Methods/Approach: We examined how systemic supervisory activity of the work of the police is regulated by Slovenian law, limiting ourselves to the work of the Division for System Guidelines and Supervision of the Police. Based on the findings and an additional review of anonymised supervision reports, we prepared a questionnaire and conducted a structured written interview as well as oral interviews with the Division's employees. Findings: Systemic supervision efforts are contributing significantly to the quality of policing, but challenges and opportunities for improvement still remain. One of the main challenges is keeping police officers informed about supervision reports and effectively implementing inspection findings. Research Limitations/Implication: In the part of the study described, we focus exclusively on the work of the Division for System Guidelines and Supervision of the Police and take a look at systemic supervision activities solely from the Division's point of view. For a more complete overview of the matter, our findings should be compared with the perspective of those being supervised, i.e. the police officers who have undergone supervision. Originality/Value: The main added value of the paper is that it examines how supervisors perceive their own work and the organisation, operation and effectiveness of systemic supervisions of police work.
Keywords: systemic supervision of police work, Division for System Guidelines and Supervision of the Police, Police and Security Directorate, Slovenia
Published: 11.06.2021; Views: 163; Downloads: 6
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Complaints against the Slovenian police
Benjamin Flander, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The paper focuses on the problem of independence and impartiality of the complaints procedure against police work in Slovenia. Relying on the findings of the targeted research project, we address and examine the concerns regarding the adequacy of the current format and indicate the possibilities for legislative changes and reform. Design/Methods/Approach: We carried out an analysis of the legal regulation of the complaints procedure regarding the work of police officers and the results of previous research in the field. Based on the findings, we conducted a structured interview with a general questionnaire in written form and oral interviews with the people who perform the complaints procedures. Findings: The current regulation of complaints has advantages and disadvantages. According to the interviewees and in line with a wider professional consensus, complaints procedures should in future be carried out outside the Ministry of the Interior ("the Ministry") and the police. This would mean that complaints procedures would gain what they lack at present, namely the appearance of impartiality and formal/institutional independence. Research Limitations/Implications: In our research, we interviewed employees of the Ministry and representatives of the public who are involved in proceedings before the complaints panels of the Ministry. In future research, other participants (e.g. the complainants and police officers) should also be interviewed for a more comprehensive view of the issue. Originality/Value: We examined the views of the employees of the Ministry who carry out complaints procedures in order to establish the validity of concerns regarding the adequacy of current regulation and we indicated the possibilities for reform of the current procedures.
Keywords: complaints against police work, procedure, independence, impartiality, Slovenia
Published: 11.06.2021; Views: 131; Downloads: 5
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Pregled pristopov in metod določanja časovnih normativov
Luka Zupanič, 2020, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Tematika diplomskega dela vsebuje pregled metod določanja časovnih normativov in sicer sistema REFA ter WORK-FACTOR hitri postopek. REFA je združenje za organizacijo dela in razvija metode za operativno zbiranje in upravljanje podatkov. WORK-FACTOR hitri postopek pa je sistem, namenjen za ovrednotenje ročnega dela. Pobližje so predstavljena tudi orodja ponudnikov DELMIA in DRIGUS. DELMIA ima na voljo raznovrstna programska orodja kot so programsko orodje za postavitev digitalne proizvodnje, programsko orodje, katero se ukvarja z upravljanjem proizvodnih operacij, programsko orodje za upravljanje oskrbovalnih verig, programsko orodje za področje robotike, itd. Ponudnik DRIGUS pa ponuja produkt MULTIDATA, ki je namenjen za časovne študije in za dejavnosti vzorčenja časa. Zraven tega pa je na voljo še več programskih orodij kot so MEZA, PLAZET, MULTI, TAKTOS, FORMAS in REGRESSA. Od vseh naštetih sta podrobneje predstavljeni MEZA in PLAZET. MEZA je orodje, s katerim se določajo časovne študije, med tem ko PLAZET služi za določanje planskih časov. Predstavljena je tudi norma, kaj vse je treba upoštevati pri določanju in izračunu ter zakaj jo je smiselno določiti. Analizirani so sestavni elementi norme in pomen določitve časa naročila.
Published: 18.01.2021; Views: 183; Downloads: 24
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The trauma and coping in homicide and sexual offences and juvenile crime criminal investigators
Tinkara Pavšič Mrevlje, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The study aims to contribute to research on trauma among police officers. The paper presents selected results of a larger study about trauma and coping among two specific police groups: criminal investigators from the Homicide and Sexual Offences (HSO) section as well as the Juvenile Crime (JC) section. Findings for each group are presented and differences analysed. Design/Methods/Approach: All 56 criminal investigators from HSO and JC sections within the Republic of Slovenia were asked to participate. The response rate was high: 92.59% (n = 25) for the HSO and 82.14% (n = 23) for the JC groups. The participants signed an informed consent and completed the questionnaires in a group setting in work hours. They were later given information about the individual results if they wished. Findings: The results for both groups show a low level of posttraumatic symptomatology that is linked to specific, mostly avoidance coping mechanisms. Specific work situations related to higher posttraumatic symptoms were identified for each participant group. Research Limitations / Implications: While the response rate was high, the small size of the two groups limits possibilities of statistical analysis, especially since the data are mainly not normally distributed. Practical Implications: A cross-sectional assessment of potential posttraumatic symptomatology can suggest preventive and possibly curative programmes for criminal investigators able to improve and contribute to more effective police work. Originality/Value: This is the first study in Slovenia to address the narrow field of trauma and coping among specific police groups.
Keywords: police work, psychology, trauma, coping, criminal investigators
Published: 15.04.2020; Views: 378; Downloads: 16
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Work-Home conflict and strain: the role of work-related smartphone use, job insecurity and segmentation preferences
Tjaša Srnko, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Nowadays, through organisational and technological changes, organizations expect availability and work from their employees not just during working hours, but also in their free time. Work can be done from anywhere and at any time, also with the help of smartphones, which is one of the main constructs of the current research. If the employee is working from home on their smartphone, this can have an important contribution to managing work and private life, and also to strain. The individual’s preference of whether to segment his or her work from home also plays an important role in experiencing internal conflicts. As the motivation for work-related smartphone use is not fully clear, job insecurity was additionally explored as a potential predictor. In an online study, conducted in Austria, we collected data from 454 participants of different ages, gender and working backgrounds. For the analysis, multiple moderated regression and mediation analyses were used. Results showed significant relations between work-home interference and strain but no significant results between those constructs while adding work-related smartphone use. Segmentation preferences did not have an influence on the relationship between work-home interference and strain. Job insecurity was revealed to be related to work-related smartphone use and smartphone use to work-home interference. Smartphone use was also found to partially mediate the path from job insecurity to work-home interference. Finally, to prevent negative outcomes of strain, work-home interference and job insecurity, organizations should focus on: providing culture that fits their employees, try to plan availability free time and provide a clear communication.
Keywords: Smartphone use, work-home interference, strain, stress, job insecurity, segmentation preferences
Published: 14.01.2019; Views: 808; Downloads: 84
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The transition of young people from study to employment in the light of student work
Vesna Novak, Anja Žnidaršič, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: We are living in a time of accelerated globalization, which has a far-reaching impact for youth employment. Therefore, the paper presents the problem of the transition of tertiary educated young people into the working environment in terms of the importance of education and gaining work experience during their studies. The main purpose of the study was to analyze the attitudes and thinking of students regarding the selection of studies and work experience that young people are gaining during their studies with student work in connection with their job prospects. Design/Methodology/Approach: The data used in our research come from a broader research on Slovenian Youths (SY) dating back to 2013. Among all the respondents of SY we selected those who classified themselves as students aged between 19 and 24, who filled out the part of the questionnaire pertaining to employment. The research hypotheses were tested with the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent samples t-test. Results: We found that among students who chose to study for different reasons there were differences in the belief that they will immediately find employment after graduating. We also found that between those students who supported themselves during their studies and those who only studied there were differences in individual statements regarding their transition from education to employment. We concluded that work during their studies, especially in the field of the profession they were studying for, had a positive impact on the thinking of students pertaining to the transition toward employment. Conclusion: The analysis of employment issues faced by young people with tertiary education was supported by empirical data, while in conclusion suggestions for improvement were presented. The article also deepens the understanding of the problems of youth employment in a broader perspective and the understanding of the observed developments in society.
Keywords: youth employment, tertiary education, work experience, job search
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 1001; Downloads: 249
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Regular and temporary employees in project organized business pay different attention to preconditions for learning
Gunnar Augustsson, Maria Rasmusson, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The purpose is to investigate whether regular and temporary staff differ in their perceptions of preconditions for learning and if there are some qualitative aspects that can be considered particularly significant in these differences. Design/Methodology/Approach: The approach consists of a case study based on both quantitative and qualitative data collected via an online questionnaire and individual interviews. Results: The paper question the understanding of the organization as a singular and more or less cohesive unit. On an organizational level, the project owner who hires staff does not care for competence transfer between regulars and temps, or between different groups of staff. At the individual level, temps are more focused on their specific task compared to regulars. Regulars’ seems to safeguarding a community or an organizational perspective, while temps are looking for their own good. Conclusions: There is a risk that one social unit differs, in attention payed to preconditions for learning, from another, when an organization use temporary staff. Therefore, the scientific value of this paper is that using temps may result in or be a consequence of a fragmented organization. The findings show no competence transfer in projects with both temps and regulars, and the project owner takes no active responsibility for human resource planning in terms of competence transfer between different groups of staff. The implications underline that long-term efficiency and rationality in an organization does not always have priority over organizational affiliation even with the hiring of expertise. When this happens, it may lead to a fragmented personnel group that is divided in thinkers/organizers and, performers/doers. When this happens, important practical skills fall outside of the organization, which in a metaphorical sense means that the hand is separated from the brain. Therefore, organizations with temporary staff need to plan for how to enable competence transfer between temporary and regular staff.
Keywords: competence transfer, inter-organization, project organization, temporary work
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 429; Downloads: 248
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The impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout on work engagement of older employees
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Marijan Cingula, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: The main objective of the paper is to determine the impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees on their work engagement in large- and medium- sized companies in Slovenia. The research is based on the implementation of a factor analysis by which we wanted to reduce the large number of variables into a smaller number of factors. With those factors, we performed a simple linear regression. Based on the results, we confirmed the hypothesis that behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees have a statistically significant negative impact on their work engagement. Well-being of employees of varying ages in the workplace is key for long-term effectiveness of companies. From this point of view, companies should apply appropriate measures to reduce burnout as well as to contribute to employees’ well-being and better workplace performance, which is reflected in work engagement of employees.
Keywords: burnout, behavioral symptoms of burnout, older employees, work engagement
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 761; Downloads: 81
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Zavzetost zaposlenih – testiranje zanesljivosti teoretičnega modela UWES -17 v Podjetju X
Irma Kušter, 2018, master's thesis/paper

Abstract: Pojem »zavzetost zaposlenih« se je pričel pojavljati pred približno dvajsetimi leti, najprej kot antipod pojmu »izgorelost zaposlenih«. Zavzetost opisuje, kako zaposleni racionalno razmišljajo o svoji organizaciji, kako čutijo o njej ter v kolikšni meri so aktivni pri doseganju organizacijskih ciljev. V prvi vrsti pa predstavlja psihološko navezanost zaposlenih na organizacijo, v kateri so zaposleni in so najpomembnejši dejavnik uspešnosti organizacije. Cilj naše raziskave je bil izmeriti zavzetost na vzorcu zaposlenih v enem od sektorjev v Podjetju X ter na pridobljenih podatkih testirati zanesljivost teoretičnega modela za merjenje zavzetosti UWES – 17. Podatke smo pridobili s spletnim anketiranjem z že obstoječim vprašalnikom UWES -17. V teoretičnem delu smo predstavili zgodovino ter povzeli definicije zavzetosti, dejavnike zavzetosti in značilnosti zavzetih zaposlenih. Proučili smo metode merjenja zavzetosti nekaj največjih in najbolj znanih raziskovalnih podjetij, ki s svojimi modeli izvajajo merjenja in izobražujejo po vsem svetu. Zanimale so nas zadnje opravljene raziskave in rezultati merjenj. V empiričnem delu smo s statističnim programom SPSS analizirali podatke, predstavili opisne statistike ter nekaj bivariatnih analiz, s katerimi smo izmerili povprečno stopnjo skupne zavzetosti ter opravili primerjave stopnje zavzetosti med skupinami zaposlenih glede na nekatere demografske dejavnike. Nato smo s faktorsko analizo testirali naše raziskovalno vprašanje »Ali bo faktorska analiza na pridobljenih podatkih v Podjetju X pokazala enake rezultate, kot so klasificirani po metodi UWES – 17?«. Ugotovili smo zelo visoko korelacijo med faktorji, namesto treh dimenzij zavzetosti pa smo v našem modelu identificirali le dve kategoriji zavzetosti. V prvo kategorijo smo dobili združene vse dejavnike dveh kategorij zavzetosti teoretičnega modela UWES -17, predanost in vpletenost ( ang. Absorption in Dedication), naša druga kategorija pa je identična kategoriji teoretičnega modela in vsebuje vseh šest dimenzij kategorije vitalnost (ang. Vigor).
Keywords: zavzetost, dejavniki zavzetosti, model merjenja zavzetosti, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES)
Published: 22.06.2018; Views: 992; Downloads: 201
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