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1.
Mixed boundary elements for laminar flows
Matjaž Ramšak, Leopold Škerget, 1999, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents a mixed boundary element formulation of the boundary domain integral method (BDIM) for solving diffusion-convective transport problems. The basic idea of mixed elements is the use of a continuos interpolation polynomial for conservative field function approximation and a discontinuous interpolation polynomial for its normal derivative along the boundary element. In this way, the advantages of continuous field function approximation are retained and its conservation is preserved while the normal flux values are approximated by interpolation nodal points with a uniquely defined normal direction. Due to the use of mixed boundary elements, the final discretized matrix system is overdetermined and a special solver based on the least squares method is applied. Driven cavity, natural and forced convection in a closed cavity are studied. Driven caviaty results at Re=100, 400 and 1000 agree better with the benchmark solution than Finite Element Method of Finite Volume Method results for the same grid density with 21 x 21 degrees of freedom. The average Nusselt number values for natural convection ▫$10^3$▫▫$le$▫Ra▫$le$▫▫$10^6$▫ agree better than 0.1% with benchmark solutions for maximal calculated grid desities 61 x 61 degrees for freedom.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, incompressible fluid, laminar flow, velocity vorticity formulation, boundary element method, mixed boundary elements
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2248; Downloads: 95
URL Link to full text

2.
BEM for non-Newtonian fluid flow
Leopold Škerget, Niko Samec, 1999, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this work is to present the use of the boundary-domain integral method (BDIM) to analyse the flow behaviour of non-Newtoninan fluids. A few available parametric viscosity models are applied representing a non-linear dependence on shear strain rate and shear stress. To evaluate the presented approach the Rayleigh-Bernard natural convection was solved at different Rayleigh number values.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, non-Newtonian fluids, viscous fluids, velocity-vorticity formulation, boundary domian integral method
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2311; Downloads: 94
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3.
The wavelet transform for BEM computational fluid dynamics
Jure Ravnik, Leopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2004, original scientific article

Abstract: A wavelet matrix compression technique was used to solve systems of linear equations resulting from BEM applied to fluid dynamics. The governing equations were written in velocity-vorticity formulation and solutions of the resulting systems of equations were obtained with and without wavelet matrix compression. A modification of the Haar wavelet transform, which can transformvectors of any size, is proposed. The threshold, used for making fully populated matrices sparse, was written as a product of a user defined factor and the average value of absolute matrix elements values. Numerical tests were performed to assert, that the error caused by wavelet compression depends linearly on the factor , while the dependence of the error on the share of thresholded elements in the system matrix is highly non-linear. The results also showed that the increasing non-linearity (higher Ra and Re numbervalues) limits the extent of compression. On the other hand, higher meshdensity enables higher compression ratios.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, computational fluid dynamics, boundary element method, wavelet transform, linear systems of equations, velocity vorticity formulation, driven cavity, natural convection, system matrix compression
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2185; Downloads: 95
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4.
A multidomain boundary element method for unsteady laminar flow using stream function-vorticity equations
Matjaž Ramšak, Leopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, Zoran Žunič, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper deals with the Boundary Element Method (BEM) for modelling 2D unsteady laminar flow using stream function-vorticity formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations. The numerical algorithm for solving a general parabolic diffusion-convection equation is based on linear mixed elements and a multidomain model also known as subdomain technique. Robustness, accuracy and economy of the developed numerical algorithm is shown on a standard case of steady backward facing step flow and a periodic flow past a circular cylinder test case.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, viscous fluid, unsteady laminar flow, boundary element method, multidomain model, stream function, vorticity formulation, backward facing step flow, flow past a cylinder
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2212; Downloads: 104
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5.
A multidomain boundary element method for two equation turbulence models
Matjaž Ramšak, Leopold Škerget, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper deals with the multidomain Boundary Element Method (BEM) for modelling 2D complex turbulent flow using low Reynolds two equation turbulence models. While the BEM is widely accepted for laminar flow this is the first case, where this method is applied for complex flow problems using ▫$k-epsilon$▫ turbulence model. The integral boundary domain equations are discretised using mixed boundary elements and a multidomain method also known as subdomain technique. The resulting system matrix is overdetermined, sparse, block banded and solved using fast iterative linear least squares solver. The simulation of turbulent flow over a backward step is in excellent agreement with the finite volume method using the same turbulent model.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, turbulent flow, boundary element method, incompressible viscous fluid, stream function-vorticity formulation, two equation turbulence model, backward facing step flow
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2182; Downloads: 99
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6.
Boundary domain integral method for high Reynolds viscous fluid flows in complex planar geometries
Matjaž Hriberšek, Leopold Škerget, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The article presents new developments in boundary domain integral method (BDIM) for computation of viscous fluid flows, governed by the Navier-Stokes equations. The BDIM algorithm uses velocity-vorticity formulation and is basedon Poisson velocity equation for flow kinematics. This results in accurate determination of boundary vorticity values, a crucial step in constructing an accurate numerical algorithm for computation of flows in complex geometries, i.e. geometries with sharp corners. The domain velocity computations are done by the segmentation technique using large segments. After solving the kinematics equation the vorticity transport equation is solved using macro-element approach. This enables the use of macro-element based diffusion-convection fundamental solution, a key factor in assuring accuracy of computations for high Reynolds value laminar flows. The versatility and accuracy of the proposed numerical algorithm is shown for several test problems, including the standard driven cavity together with the driven cavity flow in an L shaped cavity and flow in a Z shaped channel. The values of Reynolds number reach 10,000 for driven cavity and 7500 for L shapeddriven cavity, whereas the Z shaped channel flow is computed up to Re = 400. The comparison of computational results shows that the developed algorithm is capable of accurate resolution of flow fields in complex geometries.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, numerical methods, boundary domain integral method, algorithms, incompressible fluid flow, Navier-Stokes equations, velocity vorticity formulation, segmentation technique, driven cavity flow
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2126; Downloads: 87
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7.
Turbulent RANS simulations by BEM
Leopold Škerget, Jure Ravnik, 2011, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: boundary element method, turbulent flow, velocity-vorticity formulation
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 1998; Downloads: 48
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8.
Velocity-vorticity formulation for 3D natural convection in an inclined enclosure by BEM
Jure Ravnik, Leopold Škerget, Zoran Žunič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: A natural convection phenomenon is studied in cubic and parallelepipedal inclined enclosures. The simulation of coupled laminar viscous flow and heat transfer is performed using a novel algorithm based on a combination of singledomain Boundary element method (BEM) and subdomain BEM. The algorithm solves the velocity-vorticity formulation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the energy equation using the Boussinesq approximation.The subdomain BEM is used to solve the kinematics equation, the vorticity transport equation and the energy equation. The boundary vorticity values, which are needed as boundary conditions for the vorticity transport equation, are calculated by singe domain BEM solution of the kinematics equation. Simulation results are compared with benchmark results for a cubic inclined enclosure for Rayleigh number values ▫$10^3Keywords: podobmočna metoda robnih elementov, hitrostno-vrtinčna formulacija, laminarni tok viskozne tekočine, naravna konvekcija, nagnjena kotanja, fluid mechanics, subdomain boundary element method, velocity-vorticity formulation, laminar viscous fluid flow, natural convection, inclined enclosure
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2668; Downloads: 100
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9.
Boundary domain integral method for the study of double diffusive natural convection in porous media
Janja Kramer Stajnko, Renata Jecl, Leopold Škerget, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to present a boundary domain integral method(BDIM) for the solution of natural convection in porous media driven by combining thermal and solutal buoyancy forces. The Brinkman extension of the classical Darcy equation is used for the momentum conservation equation. The numerical scheme was tested on a natural convection problem within a square porous cavity, where different temperature and concentration values are applied on the vertical walls, while the horizontal walls are adiabatic and impermeable. The results for different governing parameters (Rayleigh number, Darcy number, buoyancy ratio and Lewis number) are presented and compared withpublished work. There is a good agreement between those results obtained using the presented numerical scheme and reported studies using other numerical methods.
Keywords: double diffusive natural convection, porous medium, velocity-vorticity formulation, Brinkman extended Darcy formulation, boundary domain integrated method
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1958; Downloads: 92
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10.
Velocity vorticity-based large eddy simulation with the bounadr element method
Jure Ravnik, Leopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2006, published scientific conference contribution (invited lecture)

Abstract: A large eddy simulation using the velocity-vorticity formulation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in combination with the turbulent heat transfer equation is proposed for the solution of the turbulent natural convection drive flow in a 1:4 enclosure. The system of equations is closed by an enthropy-based subgrid scale model.The Prandtl turbulent number is used to estimate turbulent diffusion in the heat transfer equation. The boundary element method is used to solve the kinematics equation and estimate the boundary vorticity values. The vorticity transport equation is solved by FEM. The numerical example studied in this paper is the onset of a turbulent flow regime occuring at high Rayleigh number values ▫$(Ra=10^7-10^10)$▫. The formation of vortices in the boundary layer is observed, along with buoyancy driven diffusive convective transport. Quantitative comparison with the laminar flow model and the worh of other authors is also presented in terms of Nusselt number value oscillations.
Keywords: fluid mechanics, incompressible viscous fluid, turbulent flow, velocity vorticity formulation, finite element method, large eddy simulation
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2272; Downloads: 39
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