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ǂThe ǂimpact of climate change on urban thermal environment dynamics
Igor Žiberna, Nataša Pipenbaher, Daša Donša, Sonja Škornik, Mitja Kaligarič, Lučka Kajfež-Bogataj, Zalika Črepinšek, Jaša Veno Grujić, Danijel Ivajnšič, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The human population is increasing. The ongoing urbanization process, in conjunction with climate change, is causing larger environmental footprints. Consequently, quality of life in urban systems worldwide is under immense pressure. Here, the seasonal characteristics of Maribor's urban thermal environment were studied from the perspectives of surface urban heat island (SUHI) and urban heat island (UHI) A remote sensing thermal imagery time series and in-situ measurements (stationary and mobile) were combined with select geospatial predictor variables to model this atmospheric phenomenon in its most intensive season (summer). Finally, CMIP6 climate change scenarios and models were considered, to predict future UHI intensity. Results indicate that Maribor's UHI intensity maximum shifted from winter to spring and summer. The implemented generalized additive model (GAM) underestimates UHI intensity in some built-up parts of the study area and overestimates UHI intensity in green vegetated areas. However, by the end of the century, UHI magnitude could increase by more than 60% in the southern industrial part of the city. Such studies are of particular concern, in regards to the increasing frequency of heat waves due to climate change, which further increases the (already present) heat stress in cities across the globe.
Keywords: urbanizacija, mestni toplotni otoki, poletni vročinski stres, GAM, CMIP6, urbanisation, urban heat island, summer heat stress
Published in DKUM: 02.09.2022; Views: 45; Downloads: 1
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Cultural complex by the river Morača, Podgorica, Montenegro : master thesis
Filip Radojević, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: The masters’ thesis aims to examine the practice of appropriation of inherent qualities of certain sites in the city and the necessity of their preservation against dramatically developing trend of private real-estate and consumer-capitalism driven land-claim. The latter, in combination with inadequate response from government institutions can contribute to a total loss of areas of public interest in the city. The location of the former ”Kasarna Morača” military barracks in Podgorica makes for a valuable target for the greedy investors, but also to the public, which could benefit from a large mass of greenery in the very centre of the capital next to the Morača river. For this reason, questions have been raised sparking public debates on how this location, currently an asset of the state, ought to be managed. This project aims to develop an urban regeneration solution for the brownfield area by means of two interconnected segments. The first one is the recreation area along the Morača riverbank which incorporates a large part of the existing greenery and extends to the Mausoleum of the Partisan fighter on the Gorica hill. The second is situated at the Eastern edge of the site. With the adaptive reuse of the existing barrack structures and a new adaptable and flexible structural system, it proposes a set of public and cultural programs along the”Vaka Đurovića” boulevard. Both the green belt and the cultural complex are connected via pedestrian and cycling paths which also lead to a proposed pedestrian bridge connecting the public institutions, neighbourhoods and recreational areas along Morača riverbanks.
Keywords: culture, recreation, complex, urban connector, ”weak” architecture, Morača, bridge
Published in DKUM: 01.10.2021; Views: 377; Downloads: 122
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Nightlife entertainment spots in cities as a potential criminogenic focus of sexual harassment
Tinkara Bulovec, Katja Eman, 2020, review article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the issue of sexual harassment, with a focus on nightlife entertainment areas in cities. It also presents the theoretical background, manifestation, and comprehensiveness of the phenomenon, as well as the victimological perspectives and some criminological interpretations. Design/Methods/Approach: A review of literature related to sexual harassment was conducted for the purpose of this paper, after which the method of deduction was applied to draw general findings with respect to the nightlife entertainment areas in cities. Findings: When reviewing the issue, it was found that the critical element for identifying diverse verbal, non-verbal and physical acts as sexual harassment stems from the fact that these acts are unsolicited and unwanted by the harassed individual. Sexual harassment occurs in all areas of human participation, either as part of domestic violence, in the workplace, in the context of education or in public places, where the nightlife (entertainment) areas in cities remain rather under-researched. The criminogenic potential of nightlife areas arises from, inter alia, the presence of alcohol and drugs in these areas, which contributes to the emergence of various types of deviant behaviours, including sexual harassment. Studies conducted abroad reveal that street harassment and stranger harassment represent an issue occurring in public places that, firstly, are not explicitly legally restricted. Secondly, they represent a form of sexual harassment, which is challenging to prove. Originality/Value: The paper focuses on providing an insight into the issue of sexual harassment in nightlife entertainment areas, which was deemed essential in terms of setting potential starting points for further discussion and research. Due to the theoretical nature of the paper, the findings can be used as a base for the empirical study of sexual harassment in nightlife entertainment spots in Slovenia.
Keywords: sexual violence, sexual harassment, street/stranger harassment, nightlife entertainment spots, urban areas
Published in DKUM: 04.01.2021; Views: 414; Downloads: 34
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Models of social housing in post-war Syria
Stasha Jovanovikj, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: abstract Civil war in Syria could be acknowledged as one of the greatest catastrophes of the 21st century, as it had a massive impact, even on a global scale. An abundant number of victims, large cities turned into ruins, 11 million people left without a home, and 5.6 million people who fled the country are just one piece of the Syria problem puzzle. The main issue that we are inquiring into is the housing problem of the people of Syria, especially those with lower social standing, without a home or a safe haven. Culture, tradition, and climate are crucial factors in designing models for residential architecture. These housing models have to be flexible and, with an optimal scale, offer an exceptional value for adjusting according to individual needs. In this thesis we propose a modular system for family houses and residential apartment buildings. In order to meet different needs and to respond to different site conditions in chosen locations, we present different housing models in various shapes, sizes, and functions. These can be implemented in any neighborhood design, which is presented through an example of building and rebuilding in the old city center.
Keywords: post-war architecture, modular architecture, urban design, urban regeneration, Syria
Published in DKUM: 25.10.2018; Views: 907; Downloads: 271
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The urban dimension of logistics
Darja Topolšek, Tina Cvahte, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: logistics, urban centres, city logistics, delivery of goods, supply chain
Published in DKUM: 09.05.2018; Views: 725; Downloads: 64
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Management and logistics : selected topics
Borut Jereb, Mimo Drašković, Irena Gorenak, Sanja Bauk, Maja Fošner, Bojan Rosi, Drago Pupavac, Darja Topolšek, Oleksandr Dorokhov, Uroš Kramar, Željko Ivanović, Marjan Sternad, Matjaž Knez, Sonja Mlaker Kač, Ludmila Malyaretz, Matevž Obrecht, Tina Cvahte, 2016, scientific monograph

Abstract: The scientific monograph titled Logistics and Management – selected topics is the result of a bilateral project, lasting from 2013 to 2015 and titled “Preparation of a joint scientific monograph in the field of logistics and management issued at the Faculty of Logistics in Celje and the Maritime Faculty of Kotor”. The project was managed by Professor Maja Fošner, PhD, from the Faculty of Logistics at the University of Maribor, and Professor Veselin Draskovic, PdD, from the Maritime Faculty of Kotor, Montenegro. The main goal of the monograph is to give a comprehensive account of selected areas from the field of logistics and challenges in the development of logistics, such as risk management and supply chains, transport cost, competences in logistics, urban logistics, green logistics, seaport cooperation, logistics network optimisation, logistics in tourism, logistics in performance management, systemic logistics providers and solutions to problems of transportation task. Wishing to offer a comprehensive presentation of various areas in the field of logistics, the authors of the monograph contributions, who participated on the project (Maja Fošner, Bojan Rosi, Borut Jereb, Marjan Sternad, Veselin Draskovic (ed.), Mimo Draskovic, Sanja Bauk, Senka Sekulac-Ivosevic), invited to cooperation also other researchers from the Faculty of Logistics and the Maritime Faculty of Kotor (Irena Gorenak, Matjaž Knez, Matevž Obrecht, Sonja Mlaker Kač, Tina Cvahte, Darja Topolsek, Drago Pupavac, Zeljko Ivanovic, Oleksandr Dorokhov, and Ludmila Malyaretz) who enriched the present monograph with their contributions. The monograph is aimed at professional public and anyone interested in the field of logistics. It should also serve as a useful aid in the study of logistics.
Keywords: logistics, management, risk management, supply chains, transport cost, urban logistics, green logistics, seaport cooperation, logistics network, optimisation, logistics in tourism, logistics in performance management, systemic logistics providers
Published in DKUM: 08.05.2018; Views: 1065; Downloads: 126
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Urban blight and urban redesign : schicksal und/oder chance
Walter Zsilincsar, 2013, review article

Abstract: The phenomenon of urban blight dates back to the 19th century when industrialisation starting in Europe and North America initiated an uncontrolled urban growth in combination with strong demand in cheap an quickly constructed housing. Ghettoisation of mainly the working-class population and other “marginal groups” were the consequence together with a constant decay of single buildings, whole blocks and quarters. These general aspects of urban blight with its additional facettes or aspects residential, commercial, industrial, physical, functional and social blight can be presupposed and will not be topic of this paper. Nevertheless urban blight is by no means a topic of the past, it still today challenges apart from geographers a remarkable number of other disciplines (urban and landscape planners and designers, economists, sociologists, medical sciences, etc., not to forget politicians, the media, and last but not least the city dwellers themselves). While urban blight, urban decay, - decline, or - crisis originally seemed to be a problem of the big cities and metropolises it meanwhile also affects the small towns and centers. By the example of two Styrian small towns, Murau and Eisenerz, both counting less than 5.000 inhabitants each some of the many reasons for their being confronted with symptoms of urban blight will be addressed together with the up to now largely unsolved question which possible counter strategies could be successfully applied. One namely “urban redesign” has been chosen from a number of others mainly because it has been selected by the city of Eisenerz as a strategy against urban blight and to fight the dramatic population losses of 7867 citizens between 1951 (pop.: 12948) and 2010 (pop.: 5087). The crucial questions for the future to be discussed facing the present world wide monetary crisis will be: 1. Will there be enough money to finance the necessary rescue measures? 2. Who pays and bears the risks of a failure? 3. Is it worth while and justified to invest huge amounts of public money into a seemingly bottomless barrel or 4. borrowing an idea from the human hospice-movement: would it not be wiser, more human, and cost-efficient to spend much less money for those measures only that are needed to guarantee a patient (city) with little or uncertain perspectives for the future a survival in dignity. Knowing that the hospice movement was severely questioned in its initial phase although today it is widely accepted and respected the transformation of this idea into the urban sphere as one means to discuss the problem of urban decay and urban blight seems justified.
Keywords: urban blight, urban redesign, Kleinstadt, Leerstände, Rückbau, Reformpartnerschaft
Published in DKUM: 10.04.2018; Views: 944; Downloads: 50
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Transformation of the tourist infrastructure and tourist arrivals in Maribor in the last two decades
Uroš Horvat, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper presents the development of tourism in Maribor, with a focus on major changes in the tourist offer (especially tourist infrastructure and accommodation facilities) and tourist visit since 1991. Changes in tourist flows to South-East Europe, the great economic crises and the collapse of the major industrial companies in Maribor was followed by a large decrease in tourist visit and the need for transformation of the tourist offer in the city. In Maribor was built a range of new hotels and other accommodation facilities, which resulted in the fact that since 2000 increased diversity and quality of the tourist offer and, consequently, has gradually started to increase also the tourist visit. However, Maribor still shows all the characteristics of a tourist destination with the dominant urban tourism, which is characterized by short average length of stay of tourists and the high share of overnight stays in hotels.
Keywords: geography of tourism, urban tourism, tourist visit, overnight stays, Slovenia, Maribor
Published in DKUM: 10.04.2018; Views: 654; Downloads: 93
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Urban development of Bratislava : suburbanisation in years 1995-2009
Vladimir Tóth, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with 14 years of urban development in Bratislava, especially aimed at the suburbanization processes. The main subject of this paper is to find the spatial shape of suburbanization in that case, the intensity of suburbanization and the regularities suburbanization occurs under. Furthermore, the main goal of this paper supposes suburbanization to be dynamic and changing throughout the derived time framework. Confirmation of this has to be done together by theoretical and empirical knowledge. All above mentioned assumptions have been confirmed.
Keywords: Bratislava, migrations, suburbanization, stages, urban development
Published in DKUM: 10.04.2018; Views: 608; Downloads: 80
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Coexistence of different social groups around one of the campuses of the University of Pécs
Bernadett Makkai, Judit Gyüre, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: In the process of urban transformation and renewal, large numbers of immigrants are expected in connection with the existence of prosperous branches of industry. It is assumed that in an environment where higher education is one of the most important economic factors, there will be conflicts in the everyday coexistence of social groups. The aim of this study is to investigate, in a city quarter which was forced to transform due to economic structural changes, and which has a bold mixture of ageing people and temporary university residents, how the coexistence of different groups of the society influences the quality of life in the quarter, and how the situation is perceived by the affected people themselves. Furthermore, we want to see what kinds of tension arise from the interactions between these groups with dissimilar/different background, and what possible solutions can be found to resolve such tension.
Keywords: university, urban transformation, studentification, housing estate
Published in DKUM: 10.04.2018; Views: 608; Downloads: 59
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