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Pillars of city spatial sensitivity and their integration into sightseeing routes
Melita Rozman Cafuta, Boštjan Brumen, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Worldwide, many cities have appropriate and necessary conditions for the development of urban tourism. Some locations, although considered important for local tourist destinations as part of a standard repertoire, do not comply with modern standards. For tourism organisations, it is very important to plan the best possible sightseeing routes with the best sightseeing locations. Using the intuitive approach only, is not enough in the modern tourism industry. The focus of the presented research is an innovative approach to identify the most prosperous urban places that should be included in urban tourist offers. Empirical research was conducted, based on the analyticalmethod ofmentalmapping. For the research location,Maribor city (Slovenia, eu) has been chosen. A sample of 200 respondents was taken. They were asked to draw a city map twice, once for the daytime city and once for the nighttime city. Graphical results obtained reflect a subjective mental spatial idea of individual thinkingmode. Some locations in the city seemto be particularly important and visible. They were named "Pillars of Spatial Sensitivity" or, pss locations. pss locations are extremely suitable to be integrated in a tourist offer as building blocks of sightseeing routes.When processing the research results, 34 pss locations weremore or less frequently detected in Maribor city. 32 of them had different appearance frequency between day and night. Based on these results, it is possible to conclude that modified spatial circumstances affect the perception and utilisation of urban space. The research results make it obvious that spatial sensitivity of tourists depends on time. It is possible to design sightseeing routes adapted to the time component.
Keywords: urban tourism, pillars of spatial sensitivity, mental map, sightseeing location
Published in DKUM: 29.01.2024; Views: 66; Downloads: 2
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The influence of façade colour, glazing area and geometric configuration of urban canyon on the spectral characteristics of daylight
Nataša Šprah, Jaka Potočnik, Mitja Košir, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Since the non-image-forming (NIF) effect of daylight on the human circadian system is widely accepted, adequate exposure to daylight is now considered one of the elements of a healthy life. In urban environment, one of the prerequisites for adequately lit indoor spaces is the amount and quality of daylight reaching the window, which is highly dependent on the characteristics of the urban environment. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are correlations between urban density (i.e., distance between buildings, building height), façade surface characteristics (i.e., colour and Window-to-Wall Ratios – WWR) and NIF potential of daylight. The study was conducted on a parametric geometric model of a street canyon covering a wide range of characteristics. Simulation results were interpreted using the Relative Melanopic Efficacy coefficient and Sky View Factor. The results indicate that the colour of the opposite façade can substantially impact the resulting NIF potential, especially for orange-red or blue hues. The results of the study show that this influence for building heights between 3 and 8 storeys becomes significant when the width of the urban canyon is less than 25 m and becomes substantially smaller at WWRs above 30 %.
Keywords: urban planning, daylight, non-image forming effects of light, circadian light, urban canyon, façade colour
Published in DKUM: 19.01.2024; Views: 116; Downloads: 2
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Urban greening as a cooling tool towards the heat island effect
Anja Bubik, Lucija Kolar, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: Roofs, as the top layer of the urban environment, significantly contribute to overheating and creating a heat island, which is known as one of the most critical global warming effects. There are several ways to mitigate the effects of such heat islands, among which greening is the most natural, sustainable solution, and also economically acceptable and socially valued principle. Vegetation is known to significantly improve the urban microclimate and directly reduce the effect of the urban thermal core. At the Environmental Protection College in collaboration with the Institute Complementarium, both based in Slovenia, we conducted a pilot experiment to evaluate greening, in our case the principle of a flat green roof, as an effective and promising approach for reducing an urban heat island and its effects. Temperature measurements have shown that the green surface can lower both the surface temperature itself (e.g., the roof) and the air surrounding the green surface. We have presented an initial pilot case, which is planned to be upgraded in the future to confirm our current results and assumptions. In addition, we summarized data showing that Velenje is, in view of annual higher average temperatures, a highly suitable urban environment for the introduction of greening principles on the top urban layers.
Keywords: air temperature, greening principle, heat island effect, pilot study, urban environment
Published in DKUM: 05.12.2023; Views: 177; Downloads: 4
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Drone last mile delivery : an assessment of the viable market and security potential of drone delivery
Igor Grofelnik, Uroš Godnov, Marjan Sternad, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: the paper includes a review of the literature in the field of drones, drone technology, possible implementation in the field of the last mile concept, legislation, suitability of technology in the field of security, weather conditions, social acceptance and later focuses on checking the possible implementation of drones according to the set parameters. Methodology: for the purposes of research and obtaining answers to the posed research question and hypotheses, we used the method of literature review in the selected field, panel data analysis, conducted interviews with experts in the field of delivery drones in the Republic of Slovenia, and conducted secondary research. Results: the results show an assessment of the possible implementation of drones based on the analysis of the obtained data and interviews. We determined a realistic assessment of the potential of delivery drones, in which we included several vital aspects necessary for implementation. Conclusion: it was found that the current technology is not yet fully adequate, and significant technological improvements are also needed. It is also necessary to plan integrated urban spatial solutions that will enable safe and efficient delivery in the supply chain. Namely, delivery with drones is currently ineffective due to flight safety, harmful sound emissions and the inability to fly in bad weather conditions. Based on a literature review and a survey among large logistics companies, it was found that there are still many barriers to implementation due to legal norms and regulations, which are currently very constructive. It is unlikely, however, that parcel delivery will take off in an urban environment soon, as there are still many unknowns. With proper planning and use of suburban consolidation centres, e-vans, e-cars and bicycles are currently economically viable for last mile delivery.
Keywords: drones, last mile, urban logistics, parcel delivery
Published in DKUM: 18.09.2023; Views: 299; Downloads: 12
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Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe : the United Nations sustainable development goals - rural and urban safety ans security perspectives

Abstract: The fourteenth international biennial conference Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe, organised by the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor (UM FCJS) on 12–14 September 2023, is subtitled The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – Rural and Urban Safety and Security Perspectives and addresses current challenges related to the UN SDGs and the provision of security in local communities. Topics of the conference are related to a research project of the UM FCJS on local safety and security – rural and urban perspectives (2019-20124) based on the UN SDGs that aim at the development of democratic societies trying to achieve seventeen ambitious goals globally. The conference is also a milestone that signifies thirteen years of membership of the UM FCJS in the United Nation’s Academic Impact Network (UNAI). The book of abstracts includes more than sixty abstracts of papers presented at the conference. The main topics of this year’s conference are rural criminology, criminal justice, policing, covid-19, crime, criminality, crime prevention, perception of crime, crime analysis, safety, security, community (oriented) policing, victimology and penology. Thanks for this great academic event go to the programme and organising committees, authors, participants and conference supporters nationally and internationally.
Keywords: Criminal justice, criminology, UN SDGs, local, security, local, urban, rural
Published in DKUM: 01.09.2023; Views: 263; Downloads: 34
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Daylight provision requirements according to EN 17037 as a restriction for sustainable urban planning of residential developments
Nataša Šprah, Mitja Košir, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The attempt at a more sustainable land use by increasing urban density may have a negative effect on the daylighting of residential buildings. In densely built areas, obstructions generated by the surrounding buildings can substantially reduce the available amount of daylight, causing poorly daylit spaces and a less healthy indoor environment with higher electricity consumption as a consequence of artificial lighting. European standard EN 17037, Daylight in Buildings, was established in 2018 to ensure appropriately daylit spaces. In this paper, a three-step methodology was developed to investigate the relationship between certain urban planning parameters and the daylighting of a typical room defined by specific (Slovenian) legislative restrictions about its geometry and minimum required window to floor area ratio, in order to establish the maximum densities of residential developments still fulfilling the minimum requirements for daylight provision defined by EN 17037. The results show that a relatively low urban density is required to fulfil the stipulations for minimum daylight provision for the deepest permissible room according to the Slovenian legislation. The impact of the development floor area ratio on the daylighting potential of buildings was identified as significant, followed by the site coverage, development layout, and building typology. Furthermore, the developed methodological approach clearly demonstrates a substantial potential for application in urban planning, with indoor daylight environmental conditions being linked to the planning of residential developments in the earliest stages of the project.
Keywords: sustainable urban planning, daylighting, vertical daylight factor, residential developments, solar potential
Published in DKUM: 14.07.2023; Views: 315; Downloads: 28
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ǂThe ǂimpact of climate change on urban thermal environment dynamics
Igor Žiberna, Nataša Pipenbaher, Daša Donša, Sonja Škornik, Mitja Kaligarič, Lučka Kajfež-Bogataj, Zalika Črepinšek, Jaša Veno Grujić, Danijel Ivajnšič, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The human population is increasing. The ongoing urbanization process, in conjunction with climate change, is causing larger environmental footprints. Consequently, quality of life in urban systems worldwide is under immense pressure. Here, the seasonal characteristics of Maribor's urban thermal environment were studied from the perspectives of surface urban heat island (SUHI) and urban heat island (UHI) A remote sensing thermal imagery time series and in-situ measurements (stationary and mobile) were combined with select geospatial predictor variables to model this atmospheric phenomenon in its most intensive season (summer). Finally, CMIP6 climate change scenarios and models were considered, to predict future UHI intensity. Results indicate that Maribor's UHI intensity maximum shifted from winter to spring and summer. The implemented generalized additive model (GAM) underestimates UHI intensity in some built-up parts of the study area and overestimates UHI intensity in green vegetated areas. However, by the end of the century, UHI magnitude could increase by more than 60% in the southern industrial part of the city. Such studies are of particular concern, in regards to the increasing frequency of heat waves due to climate change, which further increases the (already present) heat stress in cities across the globe.
Keywords: urbanizacija, mestni toplotni otoki, poletni vročinski stres, GAM, CMIP6, urbanisation, urban heat island, summer heat stress
Published in DKUM: 02.09.2022; Views: 518; Downloads: 17
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Cultural complex by the river Morača, Podgorica, Montenegro : master thesis
Filip Radojević, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: The masters’ thesis aims to examine the practice of appropriation of inherent qualities of certain sites in the city and the necessity of their preservation against dramatically developing trend of private real-estate and consumer-capitalism driven land-claim. The latter, in combination with inadequate response from government institutions can contribute to a total loss of areas of public interest in the city. The location of the former ”Kasarna Morača” military barracks in Podgorica makes for a valuable target for the greedy investors, but also to the public, which could benefit from a large mass of greenery in the very centre of the capital next to the Morača river. For this reason, questions have been raised sparking public debates on how this location, currently an asset of the state, ought to be managed. This project aims to develop an urban regeneration solution for the brownfield area by means of two interconnected segments. The first one is the recreation area along the Morača riverbank which incorporates a large part of the existing greenery and extends to the Mausoleum of the Partisan fighter on the Gorica hill. The second is situated at the Eastern edge of the site. With the adaptive reuse of the existing barrack structures and a new adaptable and flexible structural system, it proposes a set of public and cultural programs along the”Vaka Đurovića” boulevard. Both the green belt and the cultural complex are connected via pedestrian and cycling paths which also lead to a proposed pedestrian bridge connecting the public institutions, neighbourhoods and recreational areas along Morača riverbanks.
Keywords: culture, recreation, complex, urban connector, ”weak” architecture, Morača, bridge
Published in DKUM: 01.10.2021; Views: 810; Downloads: 171
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Nightlife entertainment spots in cities as a potential criminogenic focus of sexual harassment
Tinkara Bulovec, Katja Eman, 2020, review article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the issue of sexual harassment, with a focus on nightlife entertainment areas in cities. It also presents the theoretical background, manifestation, and comprehensiveness of the phenomenon, as well as the victimological perspectives and some criminological interpretations. Design/Methods/Approach: A review of literature related to sexual harassment was conducted for the purpose of this paper, after which the method of deduction was applied to draw general findings with respect to the nightlife entertainment areas in cities. Findings: When reviewing the issue, it was found that the critical element for identifying diverse verbal, non-verbal and physical acts as sexual harassment stems from the fact that these acts are unsolicited and unwanted by the harassed individual. Sexual harassment occurs in all areas of human participation, either as part of domestic violence, in the workplace, in the context of education or in public places, where the nightlife (entertainment) areas in cities remain rather under-researched. The criminogenic potential of nightlife areas arises from, inter alia, the presence of alcohol and drugs in these areas, which contributes to the emergence of various types of deviant behaviours, including sexual harassment. Studies conducted abroad reveal that street harassment and stranger harassment represent an issue occurring in public places that, firstly, are not explicitly legally restricted. Secondly, they represent a form of sexual harassment, which is challenging to prove. Originality/Value: The paper focuses on providing an insight into the issue of sexual harassment in nightlife entertainment areas, which was deemed essential in terms of setting potential starting points for further discussion and research. Due to the theoretical nature of the paper, the findings can be used as a base for the empirical study of sexual harassment in nightlife entertainment spots in Slovenia.
Keywords: sexual violence, sexual harassment, street/stranger harassment, nightlife entertainment spots, urban areas
Published in DKUM: 04.01.2021; Views: 787; Downloads: 47
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Models of social housing in post-war Syria
Stasha Jovanovikj, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: abstract Civil war in Syria could be acknowledged as one of the greatest catastrophes of the 21st century, as it had a massive impact, even on a global scale. An abundant number of victims, large cities turned into ruins, 11 million people left without a home, and 5.6 million people who fled the country are just one piece of the Syria problem puzzle. The main issue that we are inquiring into is the housing problem of the people of Syria, especially those with lower social standing, without a home or a safe haven. Culture, tradition, and climate are crucial factors in designing models for residential architecture. These housing models have to be flexible and, with an optimal scale, offer an exceptional value for adjusting according to individual needs. In this thesis we propose a modular system for family houses and residential apartment buildings. In order to meet different needs and to respond to different site conditions in chosen locations, we present different housing models in various shapes, sizes, and functions. These can be implemented in any neighborhood design, which is presented through an example of building and rebuilding in the old city center.
Keywords: post-war architecture, modular architecture, urban design, urban regeneration, Syria
Published in DKUM: 25.10.2018; Views: 1419; Downloads: 370
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