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1.
The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity and the limits of free economic initiative
Zlatko Dežman, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity within the meaning of the Slovenian Criminal Code is the most common criminal offense against the economy. To adequately assess such an offense it is essential to clarify at the very beginning of the criminal proceedings that all preliminary questions have their origin in the field of civil, corporative and commercial law. In other words, the difficulty of problem solving for such cases in later stages of the process only intensifies, as the decision-making process becomes more and more difficult and can cause delays. And even in cases where the facts are undisputed, the whole issue concentrates primarily around the dispute regarding the issue of material criminal law. The purpose of this paper is to present the abovementioned issues, firstly from a more theoretical perspective on freedom of economic (business) initiative in a postmodern era, followed by a presentation of the criminal law subsystem dealing also with phenomena from the economic subsystem, and lastly by a presentation of the Slovenian Criminal Code in regards to prosecution and adjudication of economic crimes and its difficulties, specifically by using the example of the abovementioned offense.
Keywords: free economic initiative, criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity, standard of good businessman, blanket criminal offense, factual questions, legal questions, legal description of the offense
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 67; Downloads: 4
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2.
Supplementary material for paper Modeling compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines: the critical role of trust in science
Nejc Plohl, Bojan Musil, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The coronavirus pandemic is one of the biggest health crises of our time. In response to this global problem, various institutions around the world had soon issued evidence-based prevention guidelines. However, these guidelines, which were designed to slow the spread of COVID-19 and contribute to public well-being, are (deliberately) disregarded by some individuals. In the present study, we aimed to develop and test a multivariate model that could help us identify individual characteristics that make a person more/less likely to comply with COVID-19 prevention guidelines. A total of 525 attentive participants completed the online survey. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) show that COVID-19 risk perception and trust in science both independently predict compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines, while the remaining variables in the model (political conservatism, religious orthodoxy, conspiracy ideation and intellectual curiosity) do so via the mediating role of trust in science. The described model exhibited an acceptable fit ([chi sup]2(1611) = 2485.84, [rho]<.001, CFI=.91, RMSEA=.032, SRMR=.055). These findings thus provide empirical support for the proposed multivariate model and underline the importance of trust in science in explaining the different levels of compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines.
Keywords: coronavirus, covid-19, prevention guidelines, compliance, trust in science
Published: 10.11.2020; Views: 253; Downloads: 65
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3.
Modeling compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines
Nejc Plohl, Bojan Musil, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The coronavirus pandemic is one of the biggest health crises of our time. In response to this global problem, various institutions around the world had soon issued evidence-based prevention guidelines. However, these guidelines, which were designed to slow the spread of COVID-19 and contribute to public well-being, are (deliberately) disregarded by some individuals. In the present study, we aimed to develop and test a multivariate model that could help us identify individual characteristics that make a person more/less likely to comply with COVID-19 prevention guidelines. A total of 525 attentive participants completed the online survey. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) show that COVID-19 risk perception and trust in science both independently predict compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines, while the remaining variables in the model (political conservatism, religious orthodoxy, conspiracy ideation and intellectual curiosity) do so via the mediating role of trust in science. The described model exhibited an acceptable fit (χ2(1611) = 2485.84, p < .001, CFI = .91, RMSEA = .032, SRMR = .055). These findings thus provide empirical support for the proposed multivariate model and underline the importance of trust in science in explaining the different levels of compliance with COVID-19 prevention guidelines.
Keywords: coronavirus, covid-19, prevention guidelines, compliance, trust in science
Published: 09.11.2020; Views: 221; Downloads: 142
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4.
The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity and the limits of free economic initiative
Zlatan Dežman, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity within the meaning of the Slovenian Criminal Code is the most common criminal offense against the economy. To adequately assess such an offense it is essential to clarify at the very beginning of the criminal proceedings that all preliminary questions have their origin in the field of civil, corporative and commercial law. In other words, the difficulty of problem solving for such cases in later stages of the process only intensifies, as the decision-making process becomes more and more difficult and can cause delays. And even in cases where the facts are undisputed, the whole issue concentrates primarily around the dispute regarding the issue of material criminal law. The purpose of this paper is to present the above mentioned issues, firstly from a more theoretical perspective on freedom of economic (business) initiative in a postmodern era, followed by a presentation of the criminal law subsystem dealing also with phenomena from the economic subsystem, and lastly by a presentation of the Slovenian Criminal Code in regards to prosecution and adjudication of economic crimes and its difficulties, specifically by using the example of the above mentioned offense.
Keywords: free economic initiative, criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity, standard of good businessman, blanket criminal offense, factual questions, legal questions, legal description of the offense
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 521; Downloads: 49
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5.
Trust, innovation and prosperity
Stanislav Szabo, Vojtech Ferencz, Andreja Pucihar, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Economic development and its determinants, esp. trust or innovation are subjects of several scientific studies. Several authors claim the importance of innovation for economic development. Some studies identified that one of the most crucial factor for economic growth and prosperity is the trust between people. Within the research in this paper we have tried to identify the role of interpersonal trust within the innovation vs. prosperity relation.For this purpose and for causality analysis, we have applied decision tree models. Through our analysis of country based data (involved in trust related WVS surveys) in opposition to current studies, we have identified, that interpersonal trust is more significant determinant of innovation development as prosperity.
Keywords: trust, innovation, development, prosperity, study
Published: 08.08.2017; Views: 580; Downloads: 267
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6.
Influence of relationship commitment and trust on collaborative behaviour in supply chains
Sonja Mlaker Kač, Irena Gorenak, Vojko Potočan, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper discusses theoretically and examines empirically the influence of the relationship commitment on collaborative behaviour in supply chains. In today's unstable business environment companies should collaborate to achieve mutual goals and competitive advantage. Defining relationship commitment and collaboration in supply chains (from social exchange theory point of view) is the basis of the research of this paper. Our aim is to examine the influence of relationship commitment on collaboration in supply chains in Slovenian economy. The qualitative research part discusses if the relationship commitment between partners in supply chain influences the collaborative behaviour between partners and which are the antecedents of relationship commitment. The research is based on a quantitative analysis of the online questionnaire survey made on the Slovenian economy. The research results show strong influence of trust and relationship commitment on collaboration between partners in supply chains.
Keywords: business ethics, relationship commitment, trust, collaborative behaviour, supply chains
Published: 02.06.2017; Views: 634; Downloads: 285
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7.
Is trust in banks in Slovenia put to the test?
Sabina Taškar Beloglavec, Urban Šebjan, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The question of the banking system´s stability in connection to trust since the 2008 crisis has been the subject of many debates seeking to find permanent solutions to banking system problems, as the current situation affects bank customers´ behavior. This article examined trust in banks during the financial crisis and offers, via demographic variables, explanations as tow whether or not customers tend to withdraw their deposits during a crisis. The results contribute to banks´ decision-making regarding deposits management and understanding customers´ behavior, especially during a crisis. The results show a negative relationship between trust and deposit withdrawal intention, where gender and education level play an important role.
Keywords: trust, financial institution, bank, Slovenia, logistic regression
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 570; Downloads: 255
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8.
Uporaba komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja med polnoletnimi prebivalci Slovenije
Vojislav Ivetić, Barbara Čreslovnik, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Janko Kersnik, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of our research was to determine how many people use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and how the use of CAM depends on the gender, age, education, and the living environment of each individual person. We wanted to determine the level of fondness for the providers of CAM and define the most popular alternative medicinal preparations. Methods: The cross-sectional study was based on an anonymous questionnaire sent to the houses of a randomly selected sample (N=1000) of adults from the Republic of Slovenia in April 2009. The sample was selected using the telephone book. The data was statistically analysed using the chi-square method and t-test, depending on the nature of the variables. Results: The survey was returned and answered correctly by 410 (41.0%) subjects. According to the results, complementary and alternative medicine was used by 9.0% of the subjects. The use of CAM was independent of age, gender, education, and the living environment. According to the point scale, homeopathy was trusted by 16.9% of people, followed by healers who were trusted by 11.0%. From a statistical point of view, homeopaths were much more trusted by people who had completed a secondary education. The most popular medicinal preparations were herbs and different types of tea (74.4%), followed by vitamins and minerals (69.0%). Homeopathic preparations were used by 4.6% of people. Conclusion: We confirmed a 9.0% presence of alternative medicine in Slovenia, not taking into account herbal medicines, treatments with herbal preparations or tea, and acupuncture. We also have established that 11.0% of the population trust healers and only 16.9% of the population trust homeopaths.
Keywords: alternative medicine, complementary medicine, healing practice, trust
Published: 21.12.2015; Views: 1180; Downloads: 50
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9.
Problem of trust in alliance networks
Władzimierz Sroka, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: At a time of growing globalization, we can observe the increasing role of cooperative strategies among companies, including alliances, joint ventures, and networks. Trust is one of the most important factors of success for any business activity. It relates especially to alliance networks because it can lower transaction costs, increase productivity and innovativeness, facilitate inter-organizational relationships and resolve conflicts. Therefore the article comprehensively discusses the problems of trust in alliance networks. The conclusion of the text is that trust building in alliance networks has an influence on the effectiveness of the whole network. The text is based on the latest world literature as well as the personal experience of the author in creating effective cooperative network agreements.
Keywords: trust, cooperation, partnership, relationships, alliance networks, opportunism
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 474; Downloads: 245
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10.
Why European subordinates trust their managers
Jon Aarum Andersen, Jure Kovač, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This article addresses the problem of why subordinates trust their managers based on the responses from 108 subordinates of seven Slovenian managers and from 138 subordinates of eight Swedish managers. The subordinates of these managers responded to a 20-item instrument tested for reliability and validity. In both samples the managers enjoyed different degrees of trust. The level of trust vested in Slovenian managers was higher than in Swedish ones. The kinds of managers’ actions that enhanced trust were similar amongst Swedish and Slovenian subordinates. Different socio-cultural contexts may theoretically explain why some other kinds of actions had contrasting effects between the samples. On the whole, the actions of managers explain trust in both countries. Subordinates’ trust in managers declines with the increasing hierarchical distance in both national samples. Managers need to show in action that they trust their subordinates, promote their interests, demonstrate appreciation of their subordinates, and solve problems.
Keywords: trust, managers, subordinates, societal factors, hierarchy
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 622; Downloads: 250
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