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1.
Effectiveness of de-escalation in reducing aggression and coercion in acute psychiatric units : a cluster randomized study
Andreja Čelofiga, Blanka Kores-Plesničar, Jure Koprivšek, Miha Moškon, Dominik Benkovič, Hojka Gregorič Kumperščak, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Objective: Most guidelines for the management of aggressive behavior in acute psychiatric patients describe the use of de-escalation as the first-choice method, but the evidence for its effectiveness is inconsistent. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of verbal and non-verbal de-escalation on the incidence and severity of aggression and the use of physical restraints in acute psychiatric wards. Methods: A multi-center cluster randomized study was conducted in the acute wards of all psychiatric hospitals in Slovenia. The research was carried out in two phases, a baseline period of five consecutive months and an intervention period of the same five consecutive months in the following year. The intervention was implemented after the baseline period and included training in verbal and non-verbal de-escalation techniques for the staff teams on experimental wards. Results: In the baseline study period, there were no significant differences in the incidence of aggressive behavior and physical restraints between the experimental and control groups. The incidence rates of aggressive events, severe aggressive events, and physical restraints per 100 treatment days decreased significantly after the intervention. Compared to the control group, the incidence rate of aggressive events was 73% lower in the experimental group (IRR = 0.268, 95% CI [0.221; 0.342]), while the rate of severe events was 86% lower (IRR = 0.142, 95% CI [0.107; 0.189]). During the intervention period, the incidence rate of physical restraints due to aggression in the experimental group decreased to 30% of the rate in the control group (IRR = 0.304, 95% CI [0.238; 0.386]). No reduction in the incidence of restraint used for reasons unrelated to aggression was observed. After the intervention, a statistically significant decrease in the severity of aggressive incidents (p < 0.001) was observed, while the average duration of restraint episodes did not decrease. Conclusion: De-escalation training is effective in reducing the incidence and severity of aggression and the use of physical restraints in acute psychiatric units.
Keywords: aggression, restraint, de-escalation training, incidence, psychiatry, acute ward
Published in DKUM: 23.08.2023; Views: 273; Downloads: 11
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2.
Decision support concept for improvement of sustainability-related competences
Andreja Abina, Tanja Batkovič, Bojan Cestnik, Adem Kikaj, Rebeka Kovačič Lukman, Maja Kurbus, Aleksander Zidanšek, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper, we derived competences from previously developed competence models, ensuring the effective use of advanced technologies in future factories to improve the sustainability of their business models and strategies. Based on the analysis of the Hogan competence model and competence models for sustainability and leadership, we compiled a selection of competences for digitalisation, automation, robotics, artificial intelligence, and soft competences such as emotional intelligence and cultural literacy. We also included competences required for sustainability, corporate social responsibility, and circular economy. The selected competences formed the core for the conceptual development of a decision support tool for the individualised selection of training for employees. The concept was tested in customised training to improve employees’ skills and motivation for lifelong learning at the selected industrial partner. The developed assessment algorithm was used to monitor the progress of individual employees’ skills development before and after their training participation. The results of the assessment help human resource departments make decisions for selecting the most effective and optimal training for employees to improve their sustainability-related competences. Such a systematic approach can improve and evaluate competences that companies need to transition to a circular economy.
Keywords: circular economy, sustainability, competence development, employee training plan, decision support
Published in DKUM: 26.07.2023; Views: 321; Downloads: 34
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3.
Merjenje učinkovitosti kognitivnega treninga z EEG metodami : magistrsko delo
Bernarda Helbel, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: Kognitivni trening se v zadnjih letih vedno pogosteje omenja kot ena izmed intervencij za izboljšanje kognitivnih sposobnosti, vendar njegovi učinki na možgansko strukturo in funkcijo še niso popolnoma raziskani. Magistrsko delo je sistematični pregled literature, kjer se je preverjalo merjenje učinkovitosti kognitivnega treninga z EEG metodami. Kot instrumenti za raziskavo so bile uporabljene strokovne akademske znanstvene študije, ki so na voljo v elektronskih podatkovnih bazah Cobiss, EMERALD, PubMed, ProQuest in IOS Press. V vzorec so bili vključeni le recenzirani strokovni in akademski članki, ki so sovpadali s sledečimi vključitvenimi kriteriji; ključne iskalne besedne zveze: »cognitive training«, »eeg«, »electroencephalography« in v slovenskem jeziku: »kognitivni trening«, »eeg«, »elektroencefalografija«. Omejitveni kriteriji so bili: obdobje od leta 2010 do 2021, jezik slovenščina in angleščina. V pregled je bilo vključenih 24 raziskav s skupno 1159 udeleženci, starimi od 4,8 do 78,9 let, zdrave in kognitivno oškodovane populacije ter zelo heterogeni metodološki pristopi. Večina študij poroča o spremembah v nevrofizioloških parametrih, katerih glavno gonilo je kognitivni trening. Poročanja o bližnjem transferju so vzpodbudna, vendar so za trdne dokaze potrebne dodatne študije. Magistrsko delo definira relevantne študije ter predstavlja dodano vrednost glede na kvaliteto, z uporabo znanstvene metodologije združuje in evalvira njihove rezultate.
Keywords: cognitive training, electroencephalography (EEG), efficiency, computerized cognitive training
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2023; Views: 305; Downloads: 23
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4.
Improving Frontline Responses to Domestic Violence in Europe
2021, scientific monograph

Abstract: The monograph on improving the response of first responders to domestic violence in Europe aims to identify gaps in the cooperation of first-line responders and deliver recommendations, toolkits and collaborative training for European police organizations and medical and social work professionals. The goal is to improve integrate institutional response to domestic violence. Shared training and adequate risk assessment tools will create a positive feedback loop, increasing reporting rates of domestic violence to police, the medical profession, and community and social work practitioners.
Keywords: domestic violence, first responders, risk assessments, police, social work, health, cooperation, training, Europe
Published in DKUM: 09.12.2021; Views: 938; Downloads: 152
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5.
The psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions : experiences of Slovenian police officers
Branko Lobnikar, Špela Vesel, Emanuel Banutai, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the decade of Slovenian police officer’s experiences with international peacekeeping operations. The main goal of police officers, involved in these missions, is to prevent conflicts between opposite sites, to implement basic agreements, protect humanitarian missions and reinforce policing operations in the conflict area. The purpose of the paper is to acknowledge the lessons learned while planning and implementing further cooperation of Slovenian police officers in peacekeeping (police) operations. The main purpose of the paper is to analyze the consequences of deployment to peacekeeping missions for police officers as well as their family members (partners and children) by analyzing the psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper is based on the review of literature. The empirical part of the paper presents the results of the research on a small sample of police officers (n = 36) and their family members (n = 25 partners + 35 children). Findings: Police peacekeepers should be well prepared for different stress situations; they are exposed to various stress factors before, during, and after serving in a mission. That is why training and reintegration programmes are of great importance. We establish that respondents assess that deployment to a peacekeeping mission has a positive and negative impact on the relationships between family members. As many as ¾ of mission members believe deployment can have a positive impact above all in the sense of strengthening the emotional ties between partners, increased mutual trust and strengthening of the partnership. For them, deployment to a peacekeeping mission is a challenge and personal experience, which can change the way they see the world. 2/3 of partners state similar positive impacts and they also believe that there is more trust between the partners after the experience with the peacekeeping mission, they treasure their time together and thus represent bigger support for each other in difficult times. As the most common problem, respondents perceived marital problems and the occurrence of negative feelings among family members (anger, avoidance, judgment ...). A large share of respondents stressed problems with children. 43.8% of respondents also named depression as a problem. Research limitations/implications: The findings are limited to the Slovenian police and their police officer’s experiences, serving in various police peacekeeping missions and their family members. Practical implications: Based on lessons learned this paper complements the results of different surveys of the researched topic. The results cannot be completely generalized, although some findings could also be useful to similar police organizations in Europe. Originality/Value: This paper addresses and explores different small scale surveys, conducted on sampled Slovenian police officers who served in peacekeeping missions and their family members. Findings could be of interest for the general as well as expert audience.
Keywords: police, police officer’s family, peacekeeping missions, Slovenia, stress, training and reintegration programmes, SE Europe
Published in DKUM: 05.05.2020; Views: 1086; Downloads: 55
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6.
Preparing students for mobility in vocational education and training
Tina Rajhman, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The following master’s thesis focuses on preparing students on mobility in vocational education and training. The focus lies on English for specific purposes which is an integral part of English in technical secondary and vocational technical education. The thesis also concentrates on exchange programmes and their effects on students’ L2 and communicative competences. The above-mentioned educational programmes have to focus on both general English as well as English for specific purposes because the students need the knowledge at school, during the vocational training and later at work. The EU helps promoting language diversity by financing various international mobility programmes. The following MA thesis focuses on Erasmus+ which supports education and training at all levels and helps the schools send vocational education and training learners abroad. As proven by various studies, mobility has a beneficial effect on students’ English and communication skills. The case study included seven students attending upper-secondary programmes at the school centre Škofja Loka. The purpose of the study was to analyse the influence of the students’ vocational training abroad on their foreign language competences and to see whether students’ communicative competences improved during the vocational training abroad. The results were used to prepare helpful language exercises for future Erasmus+ students. According to students’ answers, a four-week exchange period is long enough for both weaker as well as more advanced students to make progress in English. All of them also confirmed that the most used language skills during the mobility were speaking and listening. For that reason, the practical part of the MA thesis presents four examples of exercises focusing on woodworking vocabulary, listening and speaking.
Keywords: mobility, exchange programme, Erasmus+, vocational education and training, English for specific purposes, communicative competences
Published in DKUM: 19.07.2019; Views: 1598; Downloads: 103
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7.
Web graphic organizers as an advanced strategy for teaching science textbook reading comprehension
Marija Ropič Kop, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the results of the 5 months experiment in which the influence of using a web graphic organizer in the science literacy curriculum was observed. The interest of the study was focused on the quality and quantity of learning/understanding the explicatory text description from the science textbook. The experiment included students at the age of 8-9 years. Science and L1 class were integrated for this purpose: teachers were instructed to use web graphic organizer as a tool for visualizing the text structure on the level of concrete cognitive operations. The results show the effect of using the web graphic organizer on students' competence to find out what in the science textbook text is important, on the level of text comprehension and on the competence of comparing new information with the previous knowledge.
Keywords: education, reading comprehension, science, textbooks, teacher training
Published in DKUM: 19.12.2017; Views: 1178; Downloads: 212
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8.
The effectiveness of distanced e-learning in teachers' education : a case study in Slovenia
Milena Kerndl, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In the last two decades a remarkable shift from conventional forms of teaching toward e-learning happened on all levels of education. This shift included also teachers’ permanent, lifelong education. The purpose of the study was to find and compare the effectiveness of conventional workshop and an e-learning module in teachers’ lifelong/permanent professional training. A study included 30 mother tongue teachers. The aim of the teachers training course curriculum was focused in their competence for developing students’/reader’s reception metacognition (RRM), a competence which is a prerequisite for differentiation/individualization in the process of implementation of literature curriculum in the frame of mother tongue education. Pre-intervention and post-intervention teaching practice of both groups of teachers were observed and compared to find out, which form of lifelong education influenced participants’ teaching practice in a more effective way. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of data, gained in e-module and compared with those, gained in the traditional workshop education, shows a significantly bigger effect of education on the case study participants teaching practice for the group of teachers, which participated in traditional educational form – a workshop.
Keywords: education, e-learning, distanced e-learning, teachers' training, lifelong learning
Published in DKUM: 19.12.2017; Views: 1204; Downloads: 90
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9.
Didactics and communications criterion of distance education
Ivan Gerlič, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Last decade's technological development in the field of information technology has boosted the range of varieties of its use in the distance education and given new dimensions to this type of education. Distance learning nowadays is practised by several theory's, each differing from the other in its formal access, in the analyse of its teaching and learning materials, in its ways and range of counselling and the range of its communication with the participants, as well as in its didactic concept of preparing and forming learning materials, etc. Distance education is important criterion for new communication trends in education. Therefore it shall be covered more thoroughly in this work.
Keywords: education, didactics, distant learning, ICT, teacher training
Published in DKUM: 15.12.2017; Views: 1393; Downloads: 115
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10.
Children's literature, teachers and integrative education : theory and school reality
Metka Kordigel Aberšek, Marija Ropič Kop, Vlasta Hus, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper represents the results of a quantitative research performed at the Faculty of Education, University of Maribor. The aim of the project was to establish the implementation of the concept of integrative education, which was recommended for the first triennium of elementary education in Slovenia in the 90s. The essence of Slovene integration concept should be the following: focusing on the structure and the process of child's assimilation as well as accommodation in/of the structure, his/her ability to communicate the content of the structure and his/her ability to express the process of changing the structure. Our results show that the majority of teachers follow the recommended curriculum guidelines for integration as the main didactical concept for teaching in the first triennium of elementary school taught as a part of the compulsory Teacher training program - teaching in the first triennium. Nevertheless a big proportion of elementary school teachers (year 1-3) are not entirely aware of the criteria that should be used for integration in the educational process. The same elementary school teachers have difficulties (aware or unaware) with the process of planning and performing the integration concept in the classroom.
Keywords: education, primary education, integrated lessons, elementary school, teacher training
Published in DKUM: 15.12.2017; Views: 1116; Downloads: 54
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