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1.
Investigations to establish the influence of the thermal energy field on soil properties
Srinivas Kadali, Susha Lekshmi, Susmita Sharma, D. N. Singh, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper describes details of a study to investigate and demonstrate the changes undergone by soil when it is exposed to elevated temperatures. Such situations are commonly encountered while designing the foundations for the furnaces, boiler units, forging units, brick kilns, rocket launching pads, buried power-supply cables, air-conditioning ducts, underground explosions, disposal of high-level radioactive and industrial toxic wastes, ground modifications or soil-stabilization techniques, etc. As such, investigations to establish changes undergone by the soil when it is exposed to elevated temperatures assume some importance. With this in view, individual samples of six soils, with entirely different characteristics, were subjected to temperatures up to 300°C (sequentially in steps of 50°C) and after each step of thermal treatment, these samples were characterized for their physical, chemical and mineralogical properties. Based on a critical synthesis of the results, it has been demonstrated that elevated temperatures cause (i) a change in the color, (ii) an increase in the specific gravity, particle size and weight loss, (iii) a reduction in the specific surface area, cation-exchange capacity and zeta-potential, and (iv) a structural transformation of the soil. Though these changes would affect the engineering properties of the soil to a large extent, the scope of this paper is limited to demonstrating the alterations in physical, chemical and mineralogical changes, only, occurring in the soil when it is exposed to elevated temperatures.
Keywords: elevated temperatures, soil, characterization, physical characteristics, chemical characteristics, mineralogical characteristics
Published: 14.06.2018; Views: 478; Downloads: 27
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2.
The action of a laser on an aluminium target
Višnja Henč-Bartolič, Tonica Bončina, Suzana Jakovljević, Davor Pipić, Franc Zupanič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: A nitrogen laser beam (337 nm, 6 ns (FWHM), (3.2 [plus minus] 0.2) mJ) was focused with a quartz lens (f = 100 mm) onto an aluminium target in air at normal pressure. The laser irradiation and plasma explosion caused a modification to the Al surface and the deposition of a thin film (droplets) onto a glassy carbon plate. The irradiated target and the deposited material were studied with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a focused-ion-beam (FIB) device. A crater surrounded by a rim was produced on the spot of maximum irradiation on the aluminium target. The crater, very deep in comparison to its width and thickness, was presumably caused by the Kelvin-Helmholtz and the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The temperatures of the electron and the massive particles were explained.
Keywords: aluminium, laser ablation, thin film deposition, instabilities, temperatures
Published: 23.03.2017; Views: 608; Downloads: 69
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3.
Biodiesel usage at low temperature
Breda Kegl, 2008, original scientific article

Keywords: internal combustion engines, buses, biodiesel fuel, rapeseed oil, fuel injection system, low temperatures
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1128; Downloads: 81
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