The construction of sexual harassment in american online tabloids and quality newspapers: a comparative studyJasmina Odorčić
, 2018, master's thesis
Abstract: This master’s thesis deals with the construction of sexual harassment in American online tabloids and quality newspapers. Ten texts of relatively the same length, 5 articles from tabloids and 5 articles from quality newspapers, have been selected for analysis, which was based on the methods of discourse analysis. The thesis deals with ideational and interpersonal metafunctions of language in the selected texts. In connection with this, the thesis examines how victims and perpetrators of sexual harassment are described and classified, and which kinds of sexual harassment are mentioned in the texts. This master’s thesis also analyzed external voices included in the texts (heteroglossia). Findings from tabloids have been compared with findings from quality newspapers. The results have shown that perpetrators were judged negatively for their harassment in both kinds of newspapers, while victims were judged for their lack of strength and competence. As expected, victims were referred to more frequently than perpetrators. Physical harassment was the center of focus in tabloids, while in quality newspapers the reference to verbal harassment was made more often.
Keywords: Discourse analysis, sexual harassment, victim, perpetrator, heteroglossia, tabloids, quality newspapers.
Published in DKUM: 14.01.2019; Views: 969; Downloads: 97
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The Language of Headlines in British and American Tabloids: A Comparative StudyTjaša Pisanec
, 2018, master's thesis
Abstract: In today´s technology-driven society most news media are accessible to us in an online form. For this reason their objective shifted from as many people buying copies of a certain newspaper or tabloid to achieving as many “clicks” on their website as possible. An important factor contributing to a higher click rate are headlines. Their main aim is to attract a potential readers´ attention, spark their interest and thus increase the chances of them clicking on a certain headline. In order to achieve this, headline writers employ a number of rhetorical, linguistic and stylistic devices which serve as clickbait. The purpose of our thesis was to explore the differences in clickbait devices used in British and American online popular press. In the theoretical part, we focused on describing media language in general, division of press, popular press features, headline rhetoric and the clickbait phenomenon. In our empirical research we analysed 200 headlines collected from two British (The Daily Mirror and The Daily Mail) and two American tabloids (The Huffington Post and The New York Post) of the same rank. The results showed a high rate of similar strategies used in all four tabloids, as well as some distinctive characteristics typical of either one group or the other. Moreover, forward reference, a fairly recently defined device which is not included in any of the already established frameworks, was proved to be one of the leading devices used as clickbait.
Keywords: clickbait, clickability, popular press, headlines, tabloids
Published in DKUM: 08.01.2019; Views: 1015; Downloads: 157
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A comparative analysis of transitivity and conjunctions in selected newspaper articles in englishSara Čizmazija
, 2018, master's thesis
Abstract: The aim of the present master’s thesis is to analyse the discourse of selected newspaper articles according to Michael Halliday’s theory of systemic functional grammar (1985) and James Martin and David Rose’s theory of cohesion (2003). The discourse analysis implemented in the thesis has 2 objectives. First, the study focuses on determining the type of processes, participants and circumstantials in every clause in the selected texts according to Halliday’s transitivity analysis. Second, the thesis investigates discourse relations in the texts by analysing conjunctions according to Martin and Rose’s theory of cohesion. The corpus used in the present master’s thesis consists of 4 different articles that were collected from the newspapers’ websites; 2 articles were published on the websites of broadsheet newspapers Washington Post and The Guardian and 2 were published in the tabloids Hello and US Weekly. All the articles have one common topic: the First Lady Melania Trump’s move to the White House. A comparison of the findings of the discourse analysis provides an insight into the patterns at the micro-linguistic level and into the intersentential connections in relation to the genre of the newspaper article.
Keywords: discourse analysis, transitivity, conjunctions, Halliday, newspaper articles, tabloids, broadsheet newspapers
Published in DKUM: 15.10.2018; Views: 921; Downloads: 108
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COMPARISON OF NEOLOGISMS USED IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRITISH TABLOIDSAnja Gril
, 2013, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Tabloids are a popular media and an important part of British culture and are divided in two categories Red and Black Top British Tabloids. Article writers try daily to get readers attention which they achieve also by creating neologisms. Neologisms are new words that enter a language and are in the case of British Tabloids understandable to readers since they are familiar with their context. Words are formed by different word formational processes where some take place more often than others. In order to understand the formation of words everything from its smallest elements morphemes to its context has to be understood.
This research comprised three daily British Tabloids, two Red Top ones, The Sun and Daily Mirror and one Black Top British Tabloid, Daily Express. The presence of neologisms in article titles was the main interest. Neologisms were counted and analysed. Context, meaning, usefulness, morphemic structure and word-formational processes were analysed for all neologisms.
The results have shown that neologisms are a regular part of British Tabloid language. They appear in different contexts but most often in the one that involves the most sensationalism, this is showbiz. Presence of neologisms is often emphasized by some tolls. New words are often formed of celebrity names and nicknames. Red Top British Tabloids use neologisms more often than The Black Top British Tabloids that tend to be more serious and less sensational. Nearly all neologisms found were nonce words, meaning that they were created for the single purpose only. New phrases were often formed by putting a word in a new context and therefore creating a new meaning. In terms of Grice’s theory of conversational implicature we found out that titles often flout the maxims of quantity and manner for a title can only be understood after reading the whole article. In the process of word formation conversion, compounding, derivation, clipping and blending take place more often than root creation and reduplication.
Keywords: British Tabloids, neologisms, word formation, word formation processes, nonce word, Daily Express, Daily Mirror, The Sun.
Published in DKUM: 08.07.2013; Views: 1755; Downloads: 102
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