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1.
A framework for managing future supply chain trends: utilization of lean, agile and leagile strategies
Waleed Rashad, 2020, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: The supply chain has become very essential to run any business nowadays. Throughout the history of business, the professionals have been trying always to find out the best practice, and as long as the business concept is evolved over time, the practice, methodologies and techniques of doing the business also have been evolved. This evolvement led to the concept of supply chain initially and then later it became essential to have strategy for supply chain. The evolvement of the markets, globalization, and new technologies became very decisive subjects for building any supply chain and developing its strategy, but there are many other events that may take place which could enforce the supply chain decision makers to change the current approach of running their business. The dynamic business environment and the possible future trends of the global markets represent a real challenge for development of appropriate supply chain strategies, like lean, agility, and leagility. Therefore, it is very important to assess how different possible strategies are suitable for the future changes of the markets? This is to enable the supply chain to be prepared with adequate strategies for different future scenarios. To achieve this aim of preparing the supply chains for the future with adequate strategies, a deep study is done to research lean, agility and leagility, explaining the similarities and differences of these concepts. These strategies are dealing with the most important factors in supply chains; the time and the cost, what is the key reason for selecting these particular strategies lies in the fact, that they are concerned with improving the effectiveness and responsiveness in the supply chain and this is extremely important for the future. We continued study of these strategies by development of three possible future scenarios for energy scarcity, new international monetary system, and wars. The reason of developing these particular scenarios is because they are concerned with the most important political and economic events which could happen and affect the supply chains in the future (EY, 2013; Cook, 2006; Sokov, 2015). These scenarios are established to anticipate the possible challenges which could face the supply chain strategies in the future and to evaluate the suitability of supply chain strategies for such future scenarios. A survey of 150 supply chain professionals, who are working currently in the field of supply chain management, is done in two phases. The first phase is focusing on recognition of the opinions of surveyed supply chain professionals towards the supply chain strategies and their utilization. Based on the theoretical knowledge of the academic literature reviewed in this research, proposed scenarios, and the feedback of professionals in the survey, it was evident that supply chains’ managers need adequate framework, which will support improvement of current and future supply chain management. Therefore, the grounded theory methodology is used to create a new conceptual framework. The core idea of the proposed framework is to improve the global sourcing practice, which consequently will enable improving the management of supply chains according to the predicted scenarios. A second phase of survey is conducted to present the proposed framework to the supply chain professionals for evaluation. The proposed framework adds value to the global sourcing process, which enhancing the supply chain collaboration and helps to support the selected supply chain strategies for consideration – i.e., lean, agility, and leagility, to work better in the future. The proposed framework represents scientific contribution to the supply chain strategies utilization in practice. The results of this contribution are obviously to fill the gap highlighted by the supply chain professionals in the survey, who highlighted the essential need for improvement to the supply chain collaboration globally, and this will be the basic c
Keywords: Keywords: supply chain strategies, lean, agility, leagility, supply chain future trends, supply chain management, grounded theory, scenario planning, supply chain collaboration, sourcing.
Published: 04.03.2021; Views: 114; Downloads: 10
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2.
Supplementary material for paper Global sourcing strategies
Waleed Rashad, Zlatko Nedelko, 2020, complete scientific database or corpus

Keywords: lean, agility, leagility, supply chain strategies, grounded theory, collaboration, global sourcing
Published: 22.12.2020; Views: 126; Downloads: 129
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3.
Global sourcing strategies
Waleed Rashad, Zlatko Nedelko, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for utilization of lean, agile, and leagile strategies in the supply chains, where the core idea of the framework is to improve the global sourcing practices. Based on in-depth interviews with supply chain professionals and grounded theory approach, we constructed a framework of global sourcing improvement to support better utilization of lean, agile, and leagile strategies, which we believe can help the supply chains worldwide to act better, especially in various difficult conditions and sustain their business accordingly. Our proposed framework also contributes to the UN´s Sustainable Development Goals, since the core concept of the framework is to establish a new organization under the umbrella of the UN to improve the global sourcing and consequently the usage of supply chain strategies accordingly. The applicative part of the paper reveals characteristics of new developed framework, ranging from its purpose and aims, structure, key processes, functions, and its financing. Along with validation of the framework are presented benefits for society, industry, and global economy. Additionally, the paper also reviews the impact of the current health and economic crisis caused by COVID 19, on usage of the three supply chain strategies namely; lean, agility, and leagility to see how they can work in the difficult time, as COVID 19.
Keywords: lean, agility, leagility, supply chain strategies, grounded theory, collaboration, global sourcing
Published: 11.11.2020; Views: 179; Downloads: 49
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4.
Supply chain management and logistics
Borut Jereb, Matjaž Knez, Darja Kukovič, Tina Cvahte, Matevž Obrecht, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: supply chain management, value chain, logistics, business, organizations, companies
Published: 10.05.2018; Views: 477; Downloads: 249
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5.
Possibilities of logistics partner cooperation between the seaports of Bar and Koper
Mimo Drašković, Veselin Drašković, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The scientific problem and the subject of research consists of the explanation and analysis of possibilities of regional logistics partner cooperation between Slovenian seaport of Koper and Montenegrin seaport of Bar. This paper elaborates an original idea to attract Chinese investors, shippers, logistics providers, bankers and other business entities in order to expand the port of Bar, modernize its infrastructure, increase the depth of its draft for receiving the largest ships and the creation of intermodal logistics and distribution centers in the closer and wider hinterland . This would allow huge amounts of Chinese goods to be partly shipped to the closer and wider region whereas the rest would be shipped through the port of Koper to Europe. Its hypothesis is that the creation of integrated logistics supply chain would attract a significant portion of China's import of goods to Europe and increase the competitiveness and advantages of the ports of Bar and Koper, through economy of scale, increase of quality of logistics service, reduction of total logistics costs and achievement of higher added value of all port and logistics services in these seaports.
Keywords: logistics, partner cooperation, supply chain, import, seaports, Koper, Bar, Slovenia, Montenegro
Published: 09.05.2018; Views: 361; Downloads: 38
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6.
The urban dimension of logistics
Darja Topolšek, Tina Cvahte, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: logistics, urban centres, city logistics, delivery of goods, supply chain
Published: 09.05.2018; Views: 432; Downloads: 43
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7.
Vertical marketing systems, supply chains and the new indicators of retailing's significance
Zdenko Segetlija, Josip Mesarić, Davor Dujak, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: In modern vertical marketing systems (i.e., in grocery sector), the greatest power is demonstrated by retail chains, and producers depend thereupon. This paper analyzes vertical marketing systems and the role of retailing therein. Specially analyzed is the power of retail chains’ demand with regard to the entire supply chains they head, as well as the present-day new competition in retailing and modern business concepts related to the vertical marketing systems. Additionally, analyzed are also select indicators to examine the significance of retailing in an individual national economy. The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the new indicators of significance of retailing in economy with regard to the realized GDP, as a component of value chains. These indicators complement the usual retailing significance analyses from the point of view of its share in the number of employees and the number of companies. From the conducted analysis, one may conclude that the vertical marketing systems become increasingly important, and retailing assumes a new role in economy in that sense. Thus, new indicators of retailing significance might also be necessary.
Keywords: vertical marketing systems, retailing, retail chains, retail supply chain, significance of retailing
Published: 17.11.2017; Views: 710; Downloads: 277
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8.
Bullwhip effect in the information flow of a supply chain
Tadeja Lampret, Vojko Potočan, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The main goal of our research is to analyze and display causes of a bullwhip effect formation within a supply chain, as well as to provide the appropriate solutions to limit the occurrence of the bullwhip effect by using the proper information flow and partners´ cooperation within the supply chain. The bullwhip effect is one of the most important issues in the supply chain management and it is present in many companies. It preserves a character of invisibility because there are lots of causes for its formation and they are usually difficult to discern. The bullwhip effect is a phenomenon of an increase in the order variability within a supply chain. The higher we are within the supply chain, the higher is the order variability. The company encountered with the whip effect can successfully reduce its impact by improving the information flow, as well as improving partners´ cooperation within the supply chain. In this way the company can limit its negative repercussions and increase the profit. The article focuses on the overview of the bullwhip effect within a distribution chain, from its causes to suggestions and measures how to ease its negative repercussions on the organisation. Part of the causes could be found in the market demand variability and in the lack of communication about the actual marked demand within the supply chain. The rest of the causes are related to obstacles that emerge among different partners within the supply chain (role of culture). A qualitative analysis is applied on the basis of the selected cognitions from the supply chain management. The quantitative analysis is based on the theoretical research of the effective flow of information among the participants and its contribution to the reduction of the bullwhip impact. The article discusses two research questions: 1) The correct information flow within the supply chain and the improvement of the communication among partners can lead to the bullwhip effect reduction, and 2) A reduction of the bullwhip influence can lead to the increase of cooperation among partners. The results of the analysis can be used for further research.
Keywords: bullwhip effect, information flow, marked demand variability, orders variability, supply chain, logistics, business logistics, management, acquisition policy
Published: 06.07.2017; Views: 591; Downloads: 65
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9.
Assessing the impact of prices fluctuation on demand distortion within a multi-echelon supply chain
Francisco Campuzano Bolarín, Antonio Guillamón Frutos, Andrej Lisec, 2011, review article

Abstract: Price fluctuation is a practice commonly used by companies to stimulate demand and a main cause of the Bullwhip effect. Assuming a staggered step demand pattern that responds elastically to retailer’s price fluctuation, and by using a supply chain management dynamic model, we will analyse the impact of these fluctuations on the variability of the orders placed along a traditional multilevel supply chain. Subsequently, the results obtained will serve to propose a forecasting model enabling to calculate the potential variability of orders placed by each echelon on the basis of the price pattern used. Finally, under the hypothesis of an environment of collaboration between the different members of the chain, we propose a predictive model that makes it possible to quantify the distortion of the orders generated by each level.
Keywords: bullwhip effect, systems dynamics, price fluctuation, supply chain management
Published: 01.06.2017; Views: 546; Downloads: 254
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10.
Alternative forecasting techniques that reduce the bullwhip effect in a supply chain
Francisco Campuzano Bolarín, Antonio Guillamón Frutos, Ma Del Carmen Ruiz Abellón, Andrej Lisec, 2013, review article

Abstract: The research of the Bullwhip effect has given rise to many papers, aimed at both analysing its causes and correcting it by means of various management strategies because it has been considered as one of the critical problems in a supply chain. This study is dealing with one of its principal causes, demand forecasting. Using different simulated demand patterns, alternative forecasting methods are proposed, that can reduce the Bullwhip effect in a supply chain in comparison to the traditional forecasting techniques (moving average, simple exponential smoothing, and ARMA processes). Our main findings show that kernel regression is a good alternative in order to improve important features in the supply chain, such as the Bullwhip, NSAmp, and FillRate.
Keywords: bullwhip effect, supply chain, kernel regression, system dynamics model
Published: 31.05.2017; Views: 571; Downloads: 84
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