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The transferability of fracture-mechanics parameters to fracture performance evaluation of welds with mismatching
Masao Toyoda, Zdravko Praunseis, 2000, original scientific article

Abstract: The differences in the mechanical properties between different weld-metal regions obviously affect the strain distribution around the crack tip during a fracture test and hence influence the fracture toughness value. The variation in plastic constraint during fracture mechanics testing has an additional effect on the ductile and brittle fracture initiation behaviour of any weld joint. This paper deals with the transferability of fracture toughness results to the fracture performance evaluation of the strenght of mismatch welded joints based on the two-parameter criterion and the local approach. It was found that the numerical simulations based on the transferrable fracture concept are effective in practice.
Keywords: welding, welded joints, strength mismatching, plastic constraint, transferability concept
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1532; Downloads: 312
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The fracture behaviour of global/local mis-matched weld joints provided on HSLA steels
Inoslav Rak, Nenad Gubeljak, Zdravko Praunseis, 2001, original scientific article

Abstract: The fracture behaviour of thick section high strength steel weldments, that contain soft root passes, has been studied. Two different weld consumables with different strength mismatch (1>M>1) and fracture toughness properties in the WM have significantly increased the complexity of the mis-match effect and failure behaviour of weld joints, depending on the crack location and the thickness of the soft root layer. The aim was to explain the effect of strength heterogeneity between BM and WM and between different regions in WM (global/local mismatching). R-curves of WM and HAZ regions were also discussed. The conclusion is that the application of a welding procedure with a two-pass soft root layer, introduced for the purpose of reducing or even omitting preheating, can be recommended in mis-matched weld joints on steel grade HT80. Nevertheless, the alloying from BM, and the tempering effect of subsequent weld passes, have to be taken into account. They can cause reduction of the root region ductility and affect the local mismatch in WM and HAZ. The deterioration by providing a soft root layer can probably be reduced by a selected consumable and proper welding procedure. The final conclusion is that the application of a mismatched weld joint with a soft root layer can be recommended only if high root toughness can be provided.
Keywords: welding, welded joints, strength mismatching, fracture toughness, CTOD, hardness, impact toughness, HSLA steels
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1471; Downloads: 101
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Strength mismatch effect on yield load in X-shaped weldment with centre crack
Dražan Kozak, Nenad Gubeljak, Jožef Predan, Franjo Matejiček, 2004, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: This paper provides yield load solutions for single edged fracture toughness specimen subjected to bending SE (B) with present X-shaped weld joint. The weld centre crack is located in the overmatch weld part. The corresponding fully plastic yield loads were obtained directly by plain strain FEM analysis for five characteristic a/W ratios: 0,1;0,2;0,3;0,4 and 0,5. Also, the influence of the sistematically varied weld root width 2H on the fracture behaviour has been evaluated. It was found that yield load decreases with the increasing weld root, because the undermatched region ahead the crack tip plays the dominant role.
Keywords: fracture mechanics, X-shaped welded joints, centre crack, strength mismatching, plastic yield load, constraint effects
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1235; Downloads: 30
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