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Use of animated songs in early teaching of English and German
Janja Stariha, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: This MA thesis deals with animated songs and their use in early foreign language teaching. In the theoretical part I have described child development, first and second language acquisition, multimedia, foreign language teaching and the use of songs in the classroom. As the literature on animated songs has not yet been developed, I have turned to theory on multimedia, music and art to formulate a set of criteria for easier choice of animated songs for use in class. In the empirical part I have chosen some high quality, didactically apropriate animated songs. Content, sound, music, text, design, animation, multimedia learning theories, art theory and didactics were taken into account. The final part of the paper shows the results of a questionnaire that was forwarded to Slovenian teachers who teach children aged 3–11 to see to what extent they know and use animated songs. Nowadays acces to songs is no longer a problem so it is important for teachers to know how to evaluate multimedia materials. There are both favorable opinions and cautions regarding technology use in childhood, so good judgement is needed. The choice and use of animated songs in the young learner classroom should be didactically justified.
Keywords: animated songs, songs, young learners, foreign language teaching, English, German, multimedia, modern technology, didactics, preschool, primary school
Published in DKUM: 25.10.2019; Views: 1374; Downloads: 162
.pdf Full text (2,99 MB)

The Use of Authentic Songs in 2nd and 3rd Grade of Primary School
Tadeja Vučko, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Children learn languages differently from adults. They learn more spontaneously and naturally. Most students in Slovenia begin learning English as their first foreign language in the second grade of primary school at the latest. Teachers have to use age appropriate materials and methods. Authentic songs are materials that introduce the language of native speakers. The thesis focuses on the use of authentic songs in the 2nd and 3rd grade of primary school. The theoretical part contains the reasons, the criteria for the choice of songs and the ways to use them in class. It lists the advantages and disadvantages of authentic materials and suggests how to prepare authentic materials for the use in the classroom. The empirical part presents examples of the classroom use of the songs "Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush", "Wind the Bobbin Up", "Rain, Rain, Go Away", "The Big Ship Sails", "Ring Around the Rosie" and "Hickory Dickory Dock". The songs have very interesting origins and can set the basis for the introduction of various themes that are included in the English syllabus for the 2nd and 3rd grade of primary school.
Keywords: songs, authentic materials, English classes in the second and third grade
Published in DKUM: 24.08.2018; Views: 1417; Downloads: 71
.pdf Full text (1,78 MB)

Ivan Grohar and Oskar Dev : an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary fragment comparison of their artistic works in Škofja Loka/Slovenia (1905-1911)
Franc Križnar, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The new Grohar’s room in the Škofja Loka Museum that is located in a more than a thousand years old town, some kilometres northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, represents one of the new possibilities to popularize old local history. Ivan Grohar (1867−1911) is one of the four well-known Slovenian painters from the beginning of the 20th century, together with Rihard Jakopič, Matija Jama and Matej Sternen. These Slovenian painters are the founders of Impressionism within the modern style. Škofja Loka became the so called Slovenian “Barbizon” (i.e. French village near Fontainebleau, once the settlement of painters) and this art and old tradition inspired another Slovenian (music) artist Oskar Dev (1868−1932), who composed some of his musical works (songs and choirs) in Škofja Loka, too. His and Grohar’s period in Škofja Loka resulted in some extraordinary art works i.e. paintings and musical works. They both were inspired by the countryside that reflected on their works. This is now one of the new Slovenian’s challenges of museology and musicology in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach so the art of painting and music could be a benefit for the visitors of this and other museums.
Keywords: old local history, painter, composer, Impressionism, modern style, “Barbizon”, music pieces: songs and choirs, museology, musicology, Slovenian classical music, 20th century, Škofja Loka, 1905/1911
Published in DKUM: 08.08.2017; Views: 1884; Downloads: 85
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Songs as elements in the generic structure of film musicals
Katja Plemenitaš, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper focuses on the description of film musicals as a subgenre of the genre family of musicals. Their dramatic structure is examined in terms of the generic elements that constitute the progression of a story expressed through the combination of spoken dialogue, songs and dance. The function of songs in the generic structure of film musicals is examined in the framework of the systemic-functional theory of register and genre. Special attention is given to the role of songs in the unfolding of the narrative. The theoretical observations about the role of songs in the register and genre of film musicals are then illustrated with an analysis of the use of songs in the TV musical High School Musical 2.
Keywords: musical, film musical, songs, genres, register, systemic-functional linguistics
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 1369; Downloads: 383
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Exploring student attitudes to the refugee crisis : songs on migration
Kirsten Hempkin, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The issue of migrants and refugees has occupied Europe for the last few months. Much of the discourse surrounding this issue has been overwhelmingly negative, lapsing at times into stereotype, prejudice and even hate speech. As language teachers at a humanities faculty, we have a responsibility to address this issue in the classroom, especially as classroom experience tells us that our students are prone to stereotypical thinking. The article presents a series of song-based activities intended for use in language development classes for future teachers and translators at the Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor.
Keywords: migrants and refugees, negative discourse, stereotypical thinking, songs, intercultural awareness
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 1026; Downloads: 171
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Jaka Cafuta, 2016, master's thesis

Abstract: This MA paper explores different ways of using music, songs and song lyrics in an ESL classroom, different experience of teachers and other researchers with this area, and the effects music and songs have on students and class work. The theoretical section includes scientific findings, experience and reports of researchers and teachers, relating to a wide spectrum of using music and songs for teaching English in many different ways. It also explores the area of motivation, its position in the learning process and the correlation between motivation and the use of music and songs in the classroom. The empirical section presents a more practical follow-up to the theoretical section, and is roughly divided into four “sub-sections”: the first sub-section was designed to research the opinions and experience of English language teachers from Maribor, Celje and Velenje (and their immediate surroundings) about using music and songs in an ESL classroom. There were 89 elementary school teachers included in the survey, which was also the instrument for data collection in this sub-section. The data shows that most of the teachers use music and songs quite often in their classrooms and have a predominantly positive experience with it. Most teachers strongly agree that music and songs enrich the lesson and activate the students. However, there are some who believe that music and songs take up too much time in the already over-stuffed schedule. Teachers use different sources to find their music and songs and also present these songs in different ways. Nevertheless, it is very uncommon for them to sing and play the songs to the students themselves- they usually use a cd or the internet. Most teachers use children’s songs and also believe that using songs is most effective with younger learners in the 1st triad. The majority of teachers also believe that music has the most powerful effect on student motivation and participation, however, they don’t see music and songs as good alternatives for standard language exercises and drills. Overall, most believe that an occasional, but regular use of music could change classroom practice in a very positive way (which is why many of them are already (more or less) including it into their English lessons). The second sub-section refers to a case-study implemented for researching the effect of using music and songs for teaching English on student learning achievement. The data was collected with the help of specially designed tests of knowledge (pre-tests and post-tests) and the case-study itself, in which 3 English lessons with music and songs were carried out in two groups of students from grade 9 (control group (9 students) and experimental group (8 students)) from one of the elementary school in Maribor. The results show that the two groups had different initial knowledge before the experiment even began- the experimental group scored higher on the pre-test of the 2nd conditional structure. Even though there were no other statistically significant differences between the two groups, the effect size measurement has shown that music has a medium to strong effect on student learning achievement. However, there was a statistically-significant difference in scores on the 1st conditional tests in the experimental group relating to progress within the group. I believe that same progress would have been seen in with the 2nd conditional structure too, but the students had already “aced” the pre-test, so it was almost impossible to achieve a statistically significant difference with the post-test. The third sub-section deals with researching the effects that using music and songs in the classroom has on student engagement, student motivation and classroom atmosphere. The data here was gathered with the help of a specially designed observational checklist with a chronological scale for observing classes/lessons. The results here were unanimous and show that all three categories under study were rated much high
Keywords: ESL, songs, music, learning/teaching a language, motivation
Published in DKUM: 20.02.2017; Views: 2127; Downloads: 223
.pdf Full text (909,09 KB)

Leonard Cohen: The Man in the Suit
Ana Furlan, 2016, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: In this diploma I will analyse in detail several selected poems by one of the world’s most acknowledged and famous artists. Leonard Cohen is a Canadian poet, novelist, songwriter and singer who has written novels, countless poems and lyrics that have been published in his poem collections and albums. In his life, he has won many awards, titles and honours. On the other hand, there is much more to this man than these achievements. One of the reasons he has maintained his position amongst the best is the themes he writes about. Personal relationships, separation, sexuality and isolation are a few of the reflections in his works. Other keynotes to his poems are religion and spirituality. He was born in a Jewish family, but that did not stop him from experimenting and studying other religions. He has been especially keen to Buddhism and Christianity, which he often refers to in his poems and songs. Furthermore, a number of times his songs are socio-politically oriented. He has expressed his views and disagreements on current events through his lyrics where he has been quite sharp and scornful. He has experimented with different musical instruments and has worked with different artists on his projects, which is a proof of his continuous development and searching.
Keywords: Leonard Cohen, songs, religion, spirituality, love, god, woman, life
Published in DKUM: 23.09.2016; Views: 2018; Downloads: 110
.pdf Full text (1,82 MB)

Use of materials and aids for teaching English to young learners
Jana Rečnik, 2016, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to present the use of different materials and aid when teaching English to young learners. Through the history, many different methods were used for teaching foreign languages, which will be presented in this thesis. Furthermore, it is important to know which characteristics should a good teacher have and which are the roles of a teacher in the classroom. The aim is also to present different visual material, songs, stories and games that can be used while teaching young learners. The last part of my thesis is focused on lesson observations at language school Eduka, Slovenj Gradec. Three different age groups were observed and mainly I was focused on the use of different materials and aids in different age groups.
Keywords: English language teaching, young learners, teaching materials and aids, games, stories, songs, visual material, lesson observations
Published in DKUM: 05.09.2016; Views: 1437; Downloads: 112
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Analysis of allusions to popular culture in Harold Pinter's Old Times
Lidija Gornik, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The diploma paper examines some of the allusions that are made by the characters in the play Old Times. The analysis of popular culture is based on literary and internet sources, as well as various documentaries, therefore providing the historical background of the songs, films and public figures mentioned in the play. The work discusses how Harold Pinter used the allusions to the songs as a technique of the musical and as a homage to Noël Coward; why the film Odd Man Out is important and how its actors resemble the characters in the play; and also, how Pinter used the symbolism of W. B. Yeats, Greta Garbo, Orson Welles and Emily Brontë to depict the characteristics of his own characters. On the one hand, the allusions in Old Times are a hint towards the understanding of the play; on the other, they can be seen as Pinter’s in-jokes, comprehensible only to those who are familiar with them. The allusions were written for posterity to study and are Pinter’s tribute to old times.
Keywords: allusions, songs, musical, Noël Coward, Odd Man Out, W. B. Yeats, Greta Garbo, Orson Welles, Emily Brontë.
Published in DKUM: 03.10.2012; Views: 2043; Downloads: 72
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