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Repetition and translation shifts
Simon Zupan, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Repetition manifests itself in different ways and at different levels of the text. The first basic type of repetition involves complete recurrences, in which a particular textual feature repeats in its entirety. The second type involves partial recurrences, in which the second repetition of the same textual feature includes certain modifications to the first occurrence. In the article, repetitive patterns in Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Fall of the House of Usher" and its Slovene translation, "Konec Usherjeve hiše", are compared. The author examines different kinds of repetitive patterns. Repetitions are compared at both the micro- and macrostructural levels. As detailed analyses have shown, considerable microstructural translation shifts occur in certain types of repetitive patterns. Since these are not only occasional, sporadic phenomena, but are of a relatively high frequency, they reduce the translated text's potential for achieving some of the gothic effects. The macrostructural textual property particularly affected by these shifts is the narrator's experience as described by the narrative, which suffers a reduction in intensity.
Keywords: translation, repetition, translation shifts, literary translation, E. A. Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 1482; Downloads: 408
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Military jargon in the Slovenian translation of Hostile waters
Simon Zupan, Marko Štefanič, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The article examines Slovenian translations of military jargon in the non-fiction novel Hostile Waters. In the introductory part, jargon is presented as a linguistic category as well as its main features in the novel. Next, select examples from the original text are compared to their Slovenian equivalents. The focus is on collocations and lexically dense nominal phrases. The comparison finds that most translation shifts in the target text occur because of incorrect interpretation of technical jargon expressions in the original. As a result, the target text reader perceives certain situations differently than the source text reader.
Keywords: translation, military jargon, translation shifts, non-fiction novel, Hostile Waters
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 1854; Downloads: 377
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An examination of lexical choices in Slovene translations of British and American drama
Darja Darinka Hribar, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The article examines lexical choices preferred by a noted Slovene translator of dramatic texts. It is based on the assumption that in spite of the fact that lexical choices offer much greater freedom in translation than, for instance, grammatical choices, they are subject to a number of intratextual and extratextual factors defining the genre, the kind of translation, and specific features of individual plays. Although examples are taken from only one set of translations of Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, they also refer to other working and published versions of dramatranslations into Slovene, including Albee's Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Miller's Death of a Salesman, Pinter's plays, and Shaw's Pygmalion. The shifts considered in the article relate to register, i. e. factors of language variation affecting lexical choices related to the field, mode, and tenor of discourse.
Keywords: translation, translating, translation exercises, drama, drama translation, shifts, register, lexis, lexical choice, Tennessee Williams, A Streetcar Named Desire
Published in DKUM: 12.05.2017; Views: 1492; Downloads: 376
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First-Person Narrator's Mind Style in Slovenian Translations of the Novel To Kill a Mockingbird
Tadeja Tement, 2017, master's thesis

Abstract: The Master’s thesis explores the first-person narrator's mind style in Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960) and its first Slovenian translation entitled Ne ubijaj slavca (1964). The second Slovenian translation with the title Če ubiješ oponašalca (2015) is used as a means of comparison and illustration of different translations. Mind style is concerned with how a literary character perceives the fictional world and it can be studied through linguistic categories. In the case of To Kill a Mockingbird, the features of the narrator’s mind style can be observed in three main areas: lexical choices, particularly the use of complex and evaluative adjectives, adverbs and numerous different verbs of movement; a frequent use of epistemic modality; and in the type of cohesive devices. A detailed analysis of the first translation revealed consistent translation shifts on the microstructural level in all these categories. As a result, the narrator’s lexical repertoire seems to be less varied and more child-like, she conveys a higher degree of objectivity and certainty in her utterances because many epistemic modality markers are omitted, and she sounds more explicit and repetitive than the “same” narrator in the original. The cumulative effect of these translation shifts does not only alter the narrator’s perceptions of the fictional world, but also influences the target readers’ perception of the narrator. The analysis of mind styles in both Slovenian translations demonstrated that the second Slovenian translation remained much more faithful to the original in terms of rendering these features of mind style.
Keywords: literary translation, stylistics, mind style, translation shifts, To Kill a Mockingbird
Published in DKUM: 08.05.2017; Views: 2301; Downloads: 139
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Pinter's The Caretaker in Two German Translations
Barbara Selinšek, 2016, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The focus of the thesis lies on the linguistic and stylistic comparison of Pinter’s drama The Caretaker and two German translations by Willy H. Thiem, Der Hausmeister, from 1961 and the more contemporary German translation by Michael Walter from 2005. The aim of the thesis is to examine how and to what extent have the characteristics of Pinter’s style been preserved in the two German translations. The thesis is composed of eight chapters; chapter one is introductory and defines basic terminology used in the thesis and provides purpose of the thesis. Chapter two presents the life and work of Harold Pinter. Chapter three is subdivided into two parts and offers the analysis of The Caretaker, the plot, characters, relationships and action and provides information on German translations of Pinter’s plays and how they were presented on German stages. Chapter four is divided into two parts; the first part focuses on translation of literary style in general and the second on translation of drama in particular. Chapter five presents Pinter’s stylistic features. Chapter six is subdivided in five parts and discusses different stylistic shifts in the German translation: repetition, obsolescence of certain expressions, alliteration, colloquialism, register and manner of address. The analysis of examples taken from the original text and the translations shows to what extent have Pinter’s stylistic devices been preserved in the two German translations. Also commentary and further suggestions for the translation into German are offered. Conclusions are drawn in chapter seven; the comparison of Pinter’s drama The Caretaker and two German translations shows that there are some discrepancies in the application of Pinter’s stylistic devices in the translation; many stylistic shifts occur, and the two translators, in most cases, do not consider Pinter’s significant stylistic elements in their translations. In chapter eight the works that have been used for the research are listed.
Keywords: Harold Pinter, The Caretaker, translation of literary style, drama, translation, stylistic shifts
Published in DKUM: 21.09.2016; Views: 1332; Downloads: 95
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Translation Shifts in User's Guides: The Case of iPhone User Guide for iOS 5.1 Software
Matej Hrnčič, 2015, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The graduation thesis Translation Shifts in User's Guides: The Case of iPhone User Guide for iOS 5.1 Software presents translation shifts and their appearance in the Slovene translation of the user's guide. Translation shifts are common in all kinds of text. In this thesis I describe some of the most common translation shifts, present in the Slovene translation of the iPhone User Guide for iOS 5.1 Software. Technical texts are a challenge for every translator. He has to poses the knowledge of the technical field he is translating in. Whenever transferring the message form one language to another, there are obstacles, which the translator has to overcome. Each language has its grammatical, lexical and semantic characteristics, which are unique. Achieving equivalence and equivalent effect always and in every situation is nearly impossible. Therefore translation shift are unavoidable. C. J. Catford (1965), Kitty van Leuven-Zwart (1989) Vinay and Darbelnet (1995), Nida (1964) and Popovič (1970) dedicated their time to translation shifts. Based on the work and classification of Vinay and Darbelnet (1995) and Nida (1964) I have analysed the Slovene translation of the iPhone User Guide for iOS 5.1 Software. The analysis of the iPhone User Guide for iOS 5.1 Software shows that the predominant translation shift is transposition (change of word class). It occurs most frequently in connection with nominalization in the Slovene translation.
Keywords: equivalence, translation shifts, technical text, user's guide, nominalization
Published in DKUM: 08.01.2016; Views: 1890; Downloads: 139
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Ina Polič, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: In this paper, I made a stylistic comparison of Helen Fielding’s novel Bridget Jones’s Diary and its Slovene translation. The novel prides itself on a narrator’s voice that is authentic, witty and ironic. It sparkles with witty verbal formulations, completely individual wordings and parades a plethora of British celebrity names, TV-shows, shops, magazines and other typically British references. Translating such a novel is a demanding task, since the translator is expected to create a translation that gives its readers the same reading experience as that of the readers of the original. The comparison of the chosen representative examples in each of the two categories “Slang” and “Culture-bound elements” demonstrated the occurrence of translation shifts in the Slovene translation of the novel. The analysis uncovered various discrepancies in the translated examples that did not match the tone of the original. Thus, the hypothesis that translation shifts bring about changes in the stylistic value of the translation when compared to the original was confirmed. When analyzing representative examples of each category, the problematic areas of the text were highlighted and possible solutions offered and explained. The aim was to establish suitable translation procedures and practices for dealing with such issues. In this way I sought to make a contribution to the general development of translation studies.
Keywords: literary translation, slang, allusions, culture, translation shifts
Published in DKUM: 29.01.2013; Views: 1948; Downloads: 157
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