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1.
PRAVNI VIDIKI MEDNARODNEGA VARSTVA OKOLJA S POUDARKOM NA SEVERNEM JADRANU
Petra Meža, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu je obravnavana mednarodna pravna ureditev varstva okolja s poudarkom na Severnem Jadranu. V začetnem delu naloge avtorica opredeli pojem ter funkcije prava okolja. Predstavljeni so razlogi in posledice za nastanek prava okolja, v nadaljevanju naloge pa je predstavljena tudi mednarodna ureditev prava okolja, s poudarkom na aktivnostih, ki potekajo s strani mednarodnih organizacij. Med slednjimi je v ospredju delovanje Organizacije združenih narodov, posledica tega delovanja so konference s področja varstva okolja. Rezultat le teh pa so mednarodne pogodbe z veljavnostjo na svetovni ravni, pregled konferenc in mednarodnih pogodb pa je vključen v diplomsko nalogo. Prav tako avtorica predstavi in povzame delovanje Evropske unije na področju normativnega varstva okolja ter pomembnejše akte in programe, sprejete ter izvedene na tem področju. Izhajajoč iz v nalogi navedenih vsebinskih norm, ki opredeljujejo mednarodno pravo okolja, so se postopoma razvila načela mednarodnega prava varstva okolja, ki so navedena in predstavljena v nadaljevanju naloge. Pravo varstva okolja je v nalogi predstavljeno kot širok pojem, ki zajema varstvo vseh elementov okolja, poudarek naloge pa je na pravnem varstvu voda, v smislu varovanja morja in morskega okolja. Predstavljeni so najpomembnejši mednarodni predpisi s področja varstva morja, ukrepanje obalnih držav ob onesnaženju morja, predstavljen pa je tudi poseben režim zaprtih in polzaprtih morij med katere štejemo tudi Jadransko morje. V nadaljevanju je tako naloga omejena na regionalni pristop k zaščiti in varovanju morskega okoliša Severnega Jadrana, katerega si delijo tri države, Slovenija, Hrvaška in Italija. Vode Severnega Jadrana so občutljiv ekosistem v gospodarsko izjemno aktivni regiji, zaradi česar uvrščajo Severni Jadran med ogrožene dele Sredozemlja. V nadaljevanju naloge se avtorica osredotoča na okoljske obremenitve, ki najbolj pestijo omenjeno regijo, to so vnosi s kopnega, pomorski promet, postavitev plinskih terminalov v Tržaškem zalivu, prekomerni ribolov ter urbanizacija območja. Predstavljeno je soočanje držav Severnega Jadrana s problematiko onesnaževanja voda Severnega Jadrana ter normativna urejenost področja, pri čemer je poudarek na aktih sprejetih s strani Republike Slovenije ter aktih Evropske unije. Predstavljena je tudi problematika razglasitev zaščitnih ekoloških con v državah Severnega Jadrana, pri čemer avtorica ugotavlja, da prihaja do teh predvsem iz političnih in ne okoljevarstvenih razlogov. V končnem delu naloge so zajete in predstavljene aktivnosti, ki potekajo in prispevajo k izboljšanju stanja morskega okolja Severnega Jadrana ter sklepna razmišljanja avtorice v katerih je prišla do zaključka, da je med državami Severnega Jadrana premalo vzajemnega in trajnega sodelovanja, katero je ključ do ohranitve morja Severnega Jadrana ter kvalitete življenja ob njem.
Keywords: pravo varstva okolja, pravno varstvo morja, Severni Jadran, okoljske obremenitve Severnega Jadrana, ekološka cona, plinski terminali v Tržaškem zalivu
Published: 24.03.2011; Views: 2652; Downloads: 298
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Functional comparision of the sub-Mediterranean illyrian meadows from two distinctive geological substrates
Nataša Pipenbaher, Mitja Kaligarič, Sonja Škornik, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper, floristic and functional approaches to the classification of different types of sub-Mediterranean illyrian grasslands of the association Danthonio-Scorzoneretum villose lalliance Scorzonerion villosae, order Scorzoneretalia villosae, class Festuco-Brometea) are compared. The data set includes table with 30 relevés from SW Slovenia, sampled in two contrasting geological bedrocks - flysch and limestone - and matrix with 18 treits determined for 119 plant species. We also tested an impact of different geological bedrock on the relative proportions of C-S-R plant strategies in the relevés. With DCA ordinetion, relevés from limestone and flysch were clearly divided in two groups. First DCA axis suggested a gradient of soil humidity and pH. On the basis of selected traits, 5 Plant Functional Types were clustered and interpreted with Twinspan analysis. PCA ordination of relevés on the basis of plant functional traits revealed that samples from limestone could be separated from those taken on flysch substrate also with functional approach. Reievés from limestone tend to have bigger shares of species, which propagate by seed and vegetatively, and competitors and herbs. Nevertheless, it could be concluded that there are no major functional differences between meadows from both geological substrates. The positions of all relevés in standard C-S-R temary diagram showed that that the relative proportions of C-S-R functional types were not influenced by different geological bedrock.
Keywords: botanika, vegetacija, travišča, suhi travniki, rastlinski funkcionalni tipi, severni Jadran, C-S-R strategije rastlin, botany, biogeography, vegetation, grasslands, dry grasslands, classifcation, North Adriatic, C-S-R plant strategy
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 617; Downloads: 11
URL Link to full text

4.
Vegetation of tall rush saltmarshes (Juncetea maritimae) and saltmarsh scrubs (Arthrocnemetea fruticosae) on the Slovenian seacoast
Mitja Kaligarič, Sonja Škornik, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Halophyte vegetation of Slovenian sedimentary seacoast was studied according to Braun-Blanquet method. 140 collected relevés were analysed by cluster analysis and five main clusters were separated. Relevés from the first, fourth and fifth clusters were further elaborated in this study. The Juncus maritimus-dominated tall rush saltmarshes of the class Juncetea maritimi were classified within two associations: Limonio-Puccinellietum represented hygrophilous stands, exposed to tide, while the association Juncetum maritimi-acuti was represented with more closed stands with higher species richness, thriving on rather drier sites. With in the saltmarsh scrubs of the class Arthrocnemetea fruticosi, 3 associations, following the declining moisture/salinity gradient were recognized: Puccinellio-Arthrocnemetum, Puccinellio-Halimionetum and Limonio-Artemisietum.
Keywords: botanika, vegetacija, fitosociologija, halofitna vegetacija, klasifikacija, severni Jadran, botany, biogeography, vegetation, phytosociology, halophyte vegetation, classifcation, North Adriatic
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 641; Downloads: 25
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5.
Halophile vegetation of the Slovenian seacoast
Mitja Kaligarič, Sonja Škornik, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Halophile vegetation of the Slovenian sedimentary seacoast have been sampled with the standard Braun-Blanquet procedure. All the 140 collected relevés have been classified using the SYN-TAX 2000 software. The resulting dendrogram separated 5 well-defined clusters, characterized by different dominant species. Two well separated clusters have been further elaborated in this study. The floristically-poor association Suaedo maritimae-Salicornietum patulae Brullo et Funari ex Géhu et Géhu Franck 1984 tend to form monodominate stands with Salicornia europaea s.l. on mudflat hypersaline stands. The association Suaedo maritimae-Bassietum hirsutae Br.-Bl. 1928, with high abundance of Suaeda maritima occupy smaller surfaces on drier stands. Both were classified within halophile annual swards of the class Thero-Salicornietea. Spartina maritima-dominated perennial halophyte salt marshes are represented with association Limonio-Spartinetum maritimae (Pignatti 1966) Beeft. et Géhu 1973 (class Spartinetea maritimae), which colonizes muddy islets, perturbed by high tide and sea turbulence and supports brackish water, which should be rich in nutrients.
Keywords: botanika, fitocenologija, halofitna vegetacija, klasifikacija, severni Jadran, Thero-Salicornietea, Spartinetea maritimae
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 564; Downloads: 20
URL Link to full text

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