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1.
Prilagoditev vojaške infrastrukture poklicni vojski s poudarkom na izvajanju programov celostne skrbi za pripadnike Slovenske vojske : magistrska naloga
Zdenka Veselič, 2009, master's thesis/paper

Abstract: Slovenija je po osamosvojitvi organizirala vojaško obrambo na način, kot je bil v nekdanji skupni državi. Razvijala je številčno veliko vojsko, v katero so bili vključeni z majhnim deležem pripadniki stalne sestave ter pripadniki rezervne sestave, ki so bili v enote SV razporejeni na podlagi zakonsko obveznega služenja v rezervni sestavi. Pripadniki moškega spola so se usposabljanja za obrambo domovine udeleževali na služenju vojaškega roka, ki je bil prav tako zakonsko obvezen za vse zdravstveno sposobne moške državljane, stare med 18 in 27 let. Ob nadaljnjem razvoju Slovenske vojske se je vse bolj kazala potreba po drugačnem organiziranju vojaške obrambe, ki bi tako zagotovila doseganje novih doktrinarnih in strateških obrambnih načel. Vse bolj se je kristalizirala potreba po prehodu na poklicni način popolnjevanja vojske. Slovenska vojska je s prehodom na poklicni način popolnjevanja, dopolnjenega s pogodbeno rezervo doživela številne spremembe tako v kadrovski kot tudi v organizacijski strukturi. Vse te spremembe pa so zahtevale spremembe tudi na drugih področjih, med njimi vojaški infrastrukturi. Po izvedeni koncentraciji sil in sredstev v perspektivne objekte, ki jih uporablja Slovenska vojska, je sledilo zagotavljanje bivalnih in delovnih zmogljivosti, kjer je nastanjena poklicna vojska. Sledeč cilju razviti majhno in dobro usposobljeno vojsko, so bili posodobljeni ali na novo zgrajeni tudi nekateri objekti, namenjeni izobraževanju, usposabljanju in urjenju. Pripadnik je najpomembnejši in ključni dejavnik v delovanju Slovenske vojske. Celostna skrb za pripadnike Slovenske vojske je postala s profesionalizacijo vojske pomembna dejavnost, ki pa do danes še ni zaživela v celoti. Prostorska urejenost za izvajanje programov celostne skrbi za pripadnike Slovenske vojske je marsikje še v obliki načrtov.
Keywords: vojaška infrastruktura, celostna skrb, vojašnica, Slovenska vojska, military infrastructure, integral care, barrack, Slovenian Army
Published: 18.08.2009; Views: 2089; Downloads: 174
.pdf Full text (729,50 KB)

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Hygiene monitoring systems for hospital textile laundering
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2007, professional article

Abstract: The main aim of washing laundry is to remove soils and microorganisms from infected and dirty textiles and achieve clean, fresh and disinfected textiles ready for use. Textiles undergo laundering processes, which include: soil removal with special laundering agents; bleaching; disinfecting; and finally neutralising and rinsing. Because textiles from hospitals may contain many kinds of pathogenic -bacteria, fungi and viruses, it is essential that the laundering process has not only a cleaning effect but also an antimicrobial one. Since users of hospital textiles are often patients with a weakened immune -system, it is recommended that best practice and common sense be employed when washing and -disinfecting hospital textiles. Most people assume that the laundry returned to them is in fact clean and, therefore, safe. Experience encourages all infection control teams to take laundering very seriously. (1-15) Inappropriately disinfected textiles are one of the possible sources of nosocomial infections for patients. There are reports of hospital textiles being the source of nosocomial infection with streptococci, enterococci, Bacillus cereus, staphylococci and coliforms.(5-9) There are some documented cases where staff in hospital wards and laundries have been infected with scabies, fungi, salmonellas, gastroenteritis viruses, hepatitis A viruses and coxiellas after treating dirty laundry.
Keywords: textile care, hospital laundry, laundry hygiene, micro-organisms, washing quality parameters, sanitary microbiological parameters, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1697; Downloads: 17
URL Link to full text

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Implementing hygiene monitoring systems in hospital laundries in order to reduce microbial contamination of hospital textiles
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, Avrelija Cencič, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: As textiles sent to hospital laundries contain many types of pathogenic organisms, it is important that laundering not only has an appropriate cleaning effect but also has a satisfactory disinfecting effect. Critical to this process is the maintenance of an appropriate hygiene level in the clean area of laundries in order to prevent recontamination of textiles from manual handling when ironing, folding, packing etc. The aims of this study were to evaluate the hygienic state of a hospital laundry, to introduce continuous sanitary measures, and to introduce a continuous hygiene monitoring system with an infection control programme. Two systems for evaluating hospital laundry hygiene were combined: HACCP principles (hazard analysis and critical control points) and RAL-GZ 992 standards (quality assurance standard for textile care of hospital laundry). Evaluation of the hygienic state of the hospital laundry was carried out by evaluating the number and types of micro-organisms present at the critical control points throughout the whole laundering process, using RODAC agar plates for surface sampling and the pour plate method for investigating water samples. The initial examination showed that the sanitary condition of the laundry did not reach the required hygiene level. Therefore, fundamental sanitation measures were instituted and the examination was repeated. Results were then satisfactory. The most important critical control point was the chemothermal laundering efficiency of the laundering process. To prevent micro-organisms spreading into the entire cleanworking area, it is important that, in addition to regular sanitary measures such as cleaning/disinfecting all working areas, technical equipment and storage shelves etc., regular education sessions for laundry employees on proper hand hygiene is undertaken and effective separation of the clean and dirty working areas is achieved.
Keywords: textile care, hospital laundry, laundry hygiene, micro-organisms, washing quality parameters, sanitary microbiological parameters, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1845; Downloads: 20
URL Link to full text

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Antimicrobial disinfection effect of a laundering procedure for hospital textiles against various indicator bacteria and fungi using different substrates for simulating human excrements
Sabina Fijan, Srečko Koren, Avrelija Cencič, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Recent studies confirm the increase of nosocomial infections and microbial resistance. One of the possible causes is infected textiles due to inappropriate laundering procedures. Most Slovenian laundries use thermal laundering procedures with high energy and water consumption to disinfect hospital textiles. In addition to this fact, there is an increasing number of hospital textiles composed of cotton/polyester blends that cannot endure high temperatures of thermal disinfection. On the other hand, decreasing the temperature of laundering procedures enhances the possibility of pathogenic microorganisms to survive the laundering procedure. In our research, we determined the antimicrobic laundering effect by simulating a common laundering procedure for hospital textiles in the laboratory washing machine at different temperatures by the use of bioindicators. Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium terrae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were used for determining the antibacterial laundering effect. Candida albicans was used for determining the antifungal laundering effect. Swine blood, artificial sweat, and swine fat were used as substrates for simulating human excrements and were inoculated together with the chosen microorganisms onto cotton pieces to simulate real laundering conditions. It was found that E. faecium, S. aureus, E. aerogenes, and P. aeruginosa survivedat 60 °C, but no microorganisms were found at 75 °C.
Keywords: textile care, hospital laundry, laundry hygiene, micro-organisms, bioindicators, disinfection effect, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1705; Downloads: 38
URL Link to full text

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Analysis of the satisfaction of the elder care home residents and suggestions for the quality improvements of elder care home service delivery
Suzana Bračič, Majda Pšunder, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This article looks at the problem of aging and the characteristics of institutional care in elder care homes. Also, the results of the empirical study carried out in 15 publicly owned and 15 privately run residential homes for elderly persons distributed across Slovenia are presented here. The aim of this research was to determine the level of resident satisfaction in both privately or publicly-owned residential homes. The research findings are the basis for the outlined improvement suggestions in residential home service delivery with the aim to increase resident satisfaction with staff performance.
Keywords: aging, residential care home for elderly persons, residential care, needs of elderly people, resident satisfaction with staff performance
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 1461; Downloads: 54
.pdf Full text (214,50 KB)
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