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Technical terminology in standard terms and conditions of sale
Nataša Gajšt, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Technical terminology, which comprises individual words and various kinds of more or less fixed word partnerships, constitutes an important part of professional discourse. A good command of domain specific collocations adds to the proficiency in specialist communication in any domain, including commerce. The aim of this paper is to present the findings of a corpus-based study of the most common collocations of 16 high-frequency nouns in 'standard terms and conditions of sale' as authentic, commerce-related documents. Our research shows that the most frequent nouns form a substantial number of significant collocations which can be considered technical terminology in the field of commerce. In turn, these findings can be used as the basis for designing teaching syllabi and teaching materials for courses in English for commerce and trade.
Keywords: business English, technical terminology, ‘standard terms and conditions of sale’, corpus analysis, collocations, teaching
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 362; Downloads: 30
.pdf Full text (141,02 KB)
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6.
Cenovne disparitete v slovenskem gospodarstvu
Egon Žižmond, 1990, professional article

Abstract: V slovenskem gospodarstvu so prisotne znatne cenovne disparitete, ki otežujejo tudi vključevanje slovenskega gospodarstva v evropski gospodarski prostor. Članek analizira disparitete proizvajalnih in drobnoprodajnih cen ter razlike med izvoznimi cenami na eni ter direktnimi stroški, lastnimi cenami in proizvajalnimi cenami na drugi strani. Ker je večina disparitet posledica etatističnega ekonomskega sistema in administriranja v ekonomski politiki, bi le reforma ekonomskega sistema in ustreznejša ekonomska politika lahko omogočila oblikovanje normalnejših cenovnih razmerij.
Keywords: cene, gibanje cen, Slovenija, proizvajalna cena, produkcijska cena, politika cen, industrijska politika, prodaja na drobno, dinamični model, prodajna cena, prices, price movement, Slovenia, production price, price policy, retail sale, sales price, dynamical model
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 511; Downloads: 13
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7.
Davčni vidik `sale & leaseback´ transakcij
Rosana Dražnik, 2016, master's thesis

Abstract: V magistrski nalogi je obravnavan pravni, računovodski in davčni vidik lizing transakcij in v okviru tega podrobneje transakcij »sale & leaseback« kot posebne vrste transakcij, ki jo nekateri avtorji uvrščajo med vrste lizinga, drugi pa kot povsem posebno vrsto finančne transakcije. V uvodu je predstavljen termin lizing in podana je pravna problematika pri pogodbah o lizingu. Osrednji del naloge je analiza računovodskega in predvsem davčnega pogleda na lizing ter transakcije »sale & leaseback«. V davčnem delu je posebna pozornost namenjena vprašanju oziroma povezanosti med pravno in ekonomsko naravo transakcij ter dejavniki, ki pomembno vplivajo na davčno presojo tako v okviru normalnega razvoja transakcije kot še bolj poudarjeno v primeru predčasnih prenehanj pogodbenega razmerja. Ker se gospodarsko življenje odvija v globalnem mednarodnem okolju, Slovenija pa je kot članica EU še bolj ujeta v vse povezave v Uniji, je del naloge tudi predstavitev vpliva mednarodnega sklepanja poslov »sale & leaseback« in ovir, ki so jim poslovni subjekti pri tem izpostavljeni. Iz naloge in sklepnih ugotovitev je razvidno, da so lahko transakcije »sale & leaseback« tudi sredstvo za davčno optimiranje tako v okvirih mednarodnega kot nacionalnega okolja, poleg tega so poslovni subjekti pri njihovem sklepanju izpostavljeni mnogim pastem, ki lahko vodijo v dvojno obdavčitev. Razlike v nacionalnih zakonodajah tudi v državah članicah EU imajo pomemben vpliv na poslovanje in posledično lahko v nalogi ugotovimo, da enotni trg v EU ne more v celoti zaživeti tudi zaradi davčnih ovir. Izsledki naloge so lahko koristna teoretična podlaga poslovnim subjektom pri njihovih odločitvah o poslovanju na domačem trgu ali v mednarodnem okolju ter še posebej o tem, kako se izogniti pastem, ki jih lizinški posli in še posebej transakcije »sale & leaseback« prinašajo tako lizingojemalcem kot lizingodajalcem.
Keywords: finančni in poslovni lizing, prodaja s povratnim najemom (sale & leaseback), mednarodna obdavčitev, prenos pravice do razpolaganja in DDV, predčasno prenehanje pogodbe o lizingu.
Published: 15.09.2016; Views: 1163; Downloads: 137
.pdf Full text (1,86 MB)

8.
English modal verbs in modal verb phrase structures and lexical associations of modality in "standard terms and conditions of sale"
Nataša Gajšt, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the findings of a corpus-based analysis of English modal verbs and semi-modals in modal verb phrase structures as well as lexical association of modality in ʼstandard terms and conditions of saleʼ, which are legally binding documents in the domain of commerce and whose purpose is to govern the obligations and rights of sellers and buyers in the transaction of goods for payment. Our research has established that the most frequent modal verbs in these documents are shall, will, may, must and can, and that the most common modal verb phrase structures in are ʼmodal+infinitiveʼ and ʼmodal+be+past participleʼ. We found 718 different lexical verbs that indicate actions, states and conditions associated with commercial transactions. These results correspond with the definition of these documents. Our findings are a demonstration of how language expresses the characteristics of a legal text type in a professional domain of commerce/trade.
Keywords: English, business language, commercial language, standard terms and conditions of sale, modal verbs, corpus linguistics
Published: 18.05.2017; Views: 349; Downloads: 161
.pdf Full text (701,02 KB)
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9.
Calculation of price reduction in international sale of goods contracts
Sandra Fišer Šobot, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Price reduction is a part of The United Nation Convention on Contract for the International Sale of Goods remedial scheme and is available to the buyer if delivered goods are not in conformity with the sales contract. Price reduction is a very suitable remedy and offers numerous advantages in comparison to other remedies. It is widely used in practice. However, diverging scholarly interpretations and relevant case law show that there are some ambiguities and uncertainties as to its calculation. This paper will examine relevant issues regarding the calculation of price reduction.
Keywords: international sale of goods, CISG, buyer’s remedies, non- conformity, price reduction, calculation of price reduction
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 226; Downloads: 37
.pdf Full text (437,82 KB)
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