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Fish ponds as a factor of development in rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Rahman Nurković, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper explains the impact of fish farms on the development of rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Fishing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was recognized as an opportunity for industrial production, tourism and placing high quality healthy food on market as well as rural development and the possibility of creating new jobs. In terms of agroclimatic conditions, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a very favorable geographical, hydrological, climatic and ecological conditions for fish production, which is reflected in the availability of water resources of rivers, lakes and marine fish farms. In Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 41 registered fish farms of freshwater and saltwater fish and it is estimated that there are about twenty unregulated fish farms. With the available resources, the existance of tradition in production, decades of existance of lake fish ponds and dynamic development of production in cages classify fish farming as a significant branch of economy, which ensures it in the domestic market, but also on the markets of neighboring countries, the European Union.
Keywords: agricultural geography, rural areas, regional development, fish farms, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Published: 16.04.2018; Views: 397; Downloads: 47
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Fighting for survival - planning and development issues in two European rural border mid-mountain regions
Alexis Sancho Reinoso, 2010, review article

Abstract: The main aim of this article (the paper is included in the context of a research project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology – code: SEJ-2006-15331-C02-02) is to further our understanding of two mountain rural areas occupying two distinct geographical environments: the Spanish Pyrenees and the Austrian Alps. I am particularly interested in examining the management practices that have been adopted as part of the public policies implemented in two mid-mountain regions - areas that do not have the same possibilities for development as those enjoyed by high-mountain environments. These places suffer structural problems resulting from low levels of agricultural competitiveness, accompanied by factors that impinge negatively on land use (which, in turn, condition their landscape management practices). Finally, I reflect on the differences between the two regions and their future possibilities.
Keywords: marginal mid-mountain rural areas, spatial planning and mountain policy, agrarian landscape, Spain, Austria, Pyrenees, Alps
Published: 29.03.2018; Views: 356; Downloads: 61
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Neoendogenous in- and output of selected rural areas: the case of economic cycles in Slovenia
Irma Potočnik Slavič, 2010, review article

Abstract: The article focuses on neoendogenous rural development that enables development of endogenous potentials of rural areas (human, social, economic, environmental etc. as development resources of the local territorial level) and external resources (i. e. RD programmes on national and EU level). Four Slovenian case study areas were chosen to test the existence, functioning and outcomes of economic cycles. The survey was undertaken on the smallest spatial-social unit (household), additionally existing voluntary local network (associations) and locally and widely connected economic structures (entrepreneurship) were observed. The research partly confirmed that the activation of endogenous potentials of rural areas is evident through the empowerment of (regional) economic cycles.
Keywords: economic geography, agricultural geography, rural areas, rural development, Slovenia
Published: 29.03.2018; Views: 323; Downloads: 63
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Problems and perspectives of organic farming in Slovene Istria
Dane Podmenik, Simon Kerma, 2009, review article

Abstract: In Slovene Istria, natural conditions for the development of organic farming are good, though we have only witnessed the rise of organic farming over the last few years. Due to the lack of data related to organic farming in Slovene Istria, field-work was conducted in spring 2008 with some additional research in 2009. Questionnaires and interviews with organic farmers include various aspects: characteristics of their farming activities, demographic and socio-economic features, and others. The prevailing branches of organic farms in Slovene Istria are olive- growing and mixed production. We can also mention a very high educational level of farmers and positive age-structure of households on organic farms. Possible perspectives related to organic farming in the studied area have been discussed in the conclusion of the paper.
Keywords: Slovene Istria, Slovenia, rural areas, sustainable development, organic farming
Published: 26.03.2018; Views: 553; Downloads: 54
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Large enterprises as a factor triggering social and economic changes in the Polish countryside outside metropolitan areas
Magdalena Dej, 2009, review article

Abstract: This article focuses on the analysis of the distribution, characteristics and effects of large businesses in Poland located in rural areas outside the reach of the largest urban centres. The first part of this paper presents the distribution and characteristics of companies in which the level of employment reaches a minimum of 200 people located in non-metropolitan rural areas in Poland. The second part contains an analysis of the level of socio-economic development of rural communes, in which enterprises included in the study are located, against the background of all non-metropolitan communes. The last part presents selected aspects of the impact of large economic operators on the local environment using the example of a company with its headquarters in a rural, agricultural area.
Keywords: non-metropolitan rural areas, large enterprises, Poland
Published: 26.03.2018; Views: 320; Downloads: 55
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The effect of factors of the socio-geographic structure of mountain farms on succession on these farms
Boštjan Kefo Kerbler, 2009, review article

Abstract: The basic premise of this paper is that certain factors of the socio-geographic structure of mountain farms have an influence upon succession on these farms. The conducted survey confirmed this hypothesis. The most prominent influence that was observed included factors that reflect the tradition and the opinions of the householders, and especially that express the economic power of a farm. In the conclusion of this paper, we offer some solutions regarding the problem of succession in Slovene mountain farms. These solutions are not simple, due to the complex mixed rate of influence with respect to the various factors.
Keywords: Slovenia, social geography, agrarian geography, rural geography, mountain farms, succession, rural areas
Published: 20.03.2018; Views: 460; Downloads: 83
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Effect of rurality and of human capital resources in the entrepreneurial opportunity identification process
Irena Kedmenec, Urban Šebjan, Polona Tominc, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper, that is a country study of Slovenia, we tried to determine why individuals in rural residential areas are less likely to recognize entrepreneurial opportunities. Our results show that the increase in resources in human capital, consisting of education, skills, knowledge, and experiences in entrepreneurship, has a significant and positive effect on opportunity identification. For policy creators, our results suggest that policies focused on entrepreneurial education— especially education that would enable the acquisition of real-life entrepreneurial experiences and skills—are useful, especially in rural areas.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, human capital, opportunity identification, rural areas
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 570; Downloads: 65
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