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Examine the rural infrastructure development fund (RIDF) in Karnataka
Sathisha, Medhavini S Katti, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) and agriculture development in Karnataka from 1995 to 2021. While presenting the budget speech for 1995–1996, the honorable union finance minister introduced the RIDF program. The RBI monitors the funding for the RIDF program through NABARD, which has a corpus of Rs. 2,000 crores from commercial and regional banks, among other sources. The program funds the social sector, small to medium irrigation, rural connectivity, and agricultural and related activities. The study evaluated the performance of the RIDF in the State critically. It also observed that several projects remained incomplete even after taking loans from the RIDF. Many states might be unable to take on this financial load due to most governments' dire financial circumstances. Despite this, there have been some physical advancements in rural irrigation, roads, and bridges. The nation's states and regions, however, do not all share the same achievement levels, therefore suggesting necessary steps to ensure proper fund utilization and decrease rural poverty and intra-regional disparity in Karnataka.
Keywords: agriculture development, finance, infrastructure, Karnataka, rural area
Published in DKUM: 06.03.2024; Views: 242; Downloads: 8
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Montenegrin wine tourism with examples of good practice from around the world
Vita Petek, Jasna Potočnik Topler, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Montenegro has a long tradition of winemaking, and it is based on local varieties such as Vranac and Kratosija. In this chapter, market analysis of Montenegrin wine tourism in the frame of the bilateral project BI-ME_21-22-020, is presented. There are 15 wine cellars in Podgorica and beyond and Montenegro’s largest wine company is "13 jul Plantaže". In the research, we examined wine routes and wine fountains in Montenegro, and focused on good practices in wine tourism in Slovenia and around the world.
Keywords: Montenegro, wine, wine tourism, wine routes, rural areas
Published in DKUM: 22.02.2024; Views: 302; Downloads: 13
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Wine tourism as a type of well-being tourism – literature review
Jasna Potočnik Topler, Vita Petek, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of wine tourism on well-being. Wine tourism includes many activities, and not only wine tastings, perhaps paired with food tastings. It includes hiking and biking in the vineyards, reading literature on wine (fiction and non-fiction), attending seminars and conferences on wine, getting acquainted with new landscapes and socializing with others. Another issue relates to whether wine, particularly red wine, confers additional health benefits. Within the Mediterranean diet, wine seems to be an essential component. The starting point for wine and health studies was the “French Paradox”, which suggests that consuming red wine daily not only helps the cardiovascular system, but also increases lifespan due to the resveratrol found in the skins and tannins of red grapes. Recent evidence suggests that wine consumption is correlated with less stress and prevention of the development of certain cancers.
Keywords: health, wine tourism, well-being, active life, rural areas
Published in DKUM: 17.01.2024; Views: 191; Downloads: 12
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Rural olympiads as promoters of old folk sports and games
Nevena Ćurčić, Željko Bjeljac, Jovana Brankov, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Traditional sports and games represent the folk tradition and culture of certain regions, part of the people’s intangible cultural heritage. Numerous traditional sports and games have been preserved in ex-Yugoslav republics, which are most often affirmed through village Olympiads and competitions in order to keep them from being forgotten. The aim of the study is to determine the content and program of rural Olympiads in ex-Yugoslav republics, the extent to which traditional sports and games are present, and the extent to which some modern sports are included. Also, the study focused on the impact of rural Olympiads on local communities and on the interaction between hosts and guests. The methodology used in the paper refers to field research (interview, observation), and document analysis, as well as the use of different data sources to validate and crosscheck findings. The results of the research indicate the presence of a large number of games of different character in the countries formed in Yugoslavia, as well as a large number of the same or similar games that arose more as a result of certain geographical and social conditions, and less as a feature of individual peoples.
Keywords: rural Olympiads, traditional sports and games, preservation of tradition, intangible cultural heritage, ex-Yugoslav republics
Published in DKUM: 17.01.2024; Views: 189; Downloads: 12
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Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe : the United Nations sustainable development goals - rural and urban safety ans security perspectives

Abstract: The fourteenth international biennial conference Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe, organised by the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor (UM FCJS) on 12–14 September 2023, is subtitled The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – Rural and Urban Safety and Security Perspectives and addresses current challenges related to the UN SDGs and the provision of security in local communities. Topics of the conference are related to a research project of the UM FCJS on local safety and security – rural and urban perspectives (2019-20124) based on the UN SDGs that aim at the development of democratic societies trying to achieve seventeen ambitious goals globally. The conference is also a milestone that signifies thirteen years of membership of the UM FCJS in the United Nation’s Academic Impact Network (UNAI). The book of abstracts includes more than sixty abstracts of papers presented at the conference. The main topics of this year’s conference are rural criminology, criminal justice, policing, covid-19, crime, criminality, crime prevention, perception of crime, crime analysis, safety, security, community (oriented) policing, victimology and penology. Thanks for this great academic event go to the programme and organising committees, authors, participants and conference supporters nationally and internationally.
Keywords: Criminal justice, criminology, UN SDGs, local, security, local, urban, rural
Published in DKUM: 01.09.2023; Views: 392; Downloads: 40
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Country life in the digital era : comparison of technology use and cybercrime victimization between residents of rural and urban environments in Slovenia
Igor Bernik, Kaja Prislan Mihelič, Anže Mihelič, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Cybercrime is one of the most significant security challenges of the 21st century. However, official statistics do not provide insights into its prevalence and nature. Representative cross-sectional field studies may help fill this gap, focusing on differences between urban and rural technology users. We (a) investigated the association between the purpose of computers and other electronic device usage and perceived vulnerability, (b) compared the differences in the purpose of computers or other electronic device use and perceived vulnerability, and (c) compared the perceived cyber victimization between residents of rural and urban areas. We conducted a field study that resulted in a representative sample of the Republic of Slovenia in Europe. We found several significant differences in the purpose of technology use and perceived cyber victimization. Furthermore, the results indicate that the purpose of technology use is somehow associated with perceived vulnerability in cyberspace; however, such associations are different in cyberspace than in the material world.
Keywords: cyber victimization, cybercrime, rural environment, technology use, perceived vulnerability
Published in DKUM: 31.07.2023; Views: 374; Downloads: 43
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Cultural Tourism as a Tool for Sustainable Development of Rural Areas
2022, proceedings

Abstract: The monograph represents one of the results of the joint University of Maribor and University of Montenegro research groups in the frame of the bilateral project BI-ME_21-22-020, partially funded by Slovenian Research Agency ARRS and Montenegrin Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports. In 6 chapters, it addresses the problem of uneven tourism development, which could be reduced by further development of cultural tourism. Both, Slovenia nad Montenegro, have rich and diverse cultural heritage, which represents an important tourism resource. Research conclusions show that the key to the future successful development of sustainable tourism in both countries lies in the design and upgrading of cultural tourism experiences. The monograph combines a range of authors, disciplines, approaches and methods, thus, proving once again that tourism is a very rich and diverse interdisciplinary field.
Keywords: cultural tourism, heritage tourism, literay tourism, wine tourism, rural areas, Slovenia and Montenegro
Published in DKUM: 20.09.2022; Views: 527; Downloads: 69
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Criminal justice and security in Central and Eastern Europe : Perspectives of Rural Safety, Security and Rural Criminology, Book of Abstractc
2021, other monographs and other completed works

Abstract: Conference proceedings consist of abstracts of conference papers presented at the 13th international biennial conference on Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe organised by the Faculty of Criminal Justice ans Security of the University of Maribor, Slovenia. The conference was held online between 13 and 15 September 2021. A lead topic of the conference is rural criminology and perspectives such as deviance, crime and social control activities, and provision of safety ans security. At the conference, 68 papers were presented by 116 authors from 22 countries. A celebration of the 25th anniversary of the international biennial conference took place. The conference proves an active and fruitfull international research activities of the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security of the University of Maribor.
Keywords: criminal justice, criminal justice and security studies, criminology, conference, Central and Eastern Europe. rural criminology
Published in DKUM: 13.08.2021; Views: 1037; Downloads: 183
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Safety, security, and crime prevention in rural areas of Krasnodarskyi Krai and the Republic of Adygea
Anton Petrovskiy, 2020, review article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of the article is to study crime and crime prevention in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea to make suggestions for how to enhance the public security system. Design/Methods/Approach: The following methods were applied to assess crime in the rural areas of the two Russian Southern regions for the period between 2015 and 2019: a statistical observation, and calculation of a crimes index analysis of law enforcement reports. Findings: In order to ensure public security of the population in rural areas it is necessary to decentralise the crime prevention system in Russia by transferring law enforcement powers to the municipal bodies, by creating municipal police and a system for the re-socialisation of former criminals. Research Limitations/Implications: Crime in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea depends on the impact of local factors. As a result, the reasons and conditions of similar crimes in the rural areas of Central Russia might differ. Practical Implications: The results could be used by the local authorities in planning crime prevention measures and enhancing crime prevention in the rural areas of the regions under study. Originality / Value: The article is the first study of the criminological characteristics of crime in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea since 2014, suggesting measures to boost crime prevention with regard to the contemporary socio-economic situation.
Keywords: public security, crime prevention, rural area, efficiency of police activity
Published in DKUM: 04.01.2021; Views: 818; Downloads: 35
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Geographical reflections of mine pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
Snježana Musa, Željka Šiljković, Dario Šakić, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Numerous landmine fields cause an immense problem for the development of economy in rural areas of the Republic of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Even twenty years after the Homeland War in Croatia, i.e. the same period after signing the Dayton Accord and war cessation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, huge areas are still contaminated with landmines. In Croatia are approximately 1.69 % of contaminated territory agricultural areas in the east part of country, forests and forestry land, i.e. pastures in highlands and the Mediterranean areas are most endangered. Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the most landmine contaminated countries in the world. Severe landmine contamination in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been detected on pasture and forestry land, in the vicinity of the former war zone, in the central part of the country. Out of the total number of 1,366 landmine contaminated settlements in the Bosnia and Herzegovina territory, some 1,169 are rural communities.
Keywords: mines, minefields, rural communities, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Published in DKUM: 17.04.2018; Views: 1712; Downloads: 125
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