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24th conference Corporate entities at the market and European dimensions
2016, proceedings of professional or unreviewed scientific conference contributions

Abstract: The book is a collection of contributions presented at the 24th traditional conference Corporate Entities at the Market and European Dimensions, which was organized from 19th to 21st May 2016 in Portorož, Slovenija, by Institute for Commercial Law Maribor and Faculty of Law, University of Maribor, and which was co-financed by the European Commission. The added value of this year's conference were international sessions, which brought together internationally reknown experts from Slovenia and abroad in a discussion on certain open questions in the field of cross-border disputes, related to the implementation of Brussels I Regulation (recast). The most controversial and interesting topics, which were discussed at the conference, were prepared and published in conference proceedings, with the intention to enable access to some relevant conclusions to a broader public and hopefully to motivate other expert in this field of research to join in a discussion at future conferences.
Keywords: corporate entities, cross-border disputes, Brussels I Regulation, EU, European Union
Published: 18.01.2017; Views: 732; Downloads: 249
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Regulation of irregular neuronal firing by autaptic transmission
Daqing Guo, Shengdun Wu, Mingming Chen, Matjaž Perc, Yangsong Zhang, Jingling Ma, Yan Cui, Peng Xu, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The importance of self-feedback autaptic transmission in modulating spike-time irregularity is still poorly understood. By using a biophysical model that incorporates autaptic coupling, we here show that self-innervation of neurons participates in the modulation of irregular neuronal firing, primarily by regulating the occurrence frequency of burst firing. In particular, we find that both excitatory and electrical autapses increase the occurrence of burst firing, thus reducing neuronal firing regularity. In contrast, inhibitory autapses suppress burst firing and therefore tend to improve the regularity of neuronal firing. Importantly, we show that these findings are independent of the firing properties of individual neurons, and as such can be observed for neurons operating in different modes. Our results provide an insightful mechanistic understanding of how different types of autapses shape irregular firing at the single-neuron level, and they highlight the functional importance of autaptic self-innervation in taming and modulating neurodynamics.
Keywords: neuronal dynamics, autapse, regulation, excitation
Published: 23.06.2017; Views: 484; Downloads: 263
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The LexA regulated genes of the Clostridium difficile
Beata Maria Walter, Maja Rupnik, Vesna Hodnik, Gregor Anderluh, Bruno Dupuy, Nejc Paulič, Darja Žgur-Bertok, Matej Butala, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: The SOS response including two main proteins LexA and RecA, maintains the integrity of bacterial genomes after DNA damage due to metabolic or environmental assaults. Additionally, derepression of LexA-regulated genes can result in mutations, genetic exchange and expression of virulence factors. Here we describe the first comprehensive description of the in silico LexA regulon in Clostridium difficile, an important human pathogen. Results: We grouped thirty C. difficile strains from different ribotypes and toxinotypes into three clusters according to lexA gene/protein variability. We applied in silico analysis coupled to surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR) and determined 16 LexA binding sites in C. difficile. Our data indicate that strains within the cluster, as defined by LexA variability, harbour several specific LexA regulon genes. In addition to core SOS genes: lexA, recA, ruvCA and uvrBA, we identified a LexA binding site on the pathogenicity locus (PaLoc) and in the putative promoter region of several genes involved in housekeeping, sporulation and antibiotic resistance. Conclusions: Results presented here suggest that in C. difficile LexA is not merely a regulator of the DNA damage response genes but also controls the expression of dozen genes involved in various other biological functions. Our in vitro results indicate that in C. difficile inactivation of LexA repressor depends on repressor`s dissociation from the operators. We report that the repressor`s dissociation rates from operators differentiate, thus the determined LexA-DNA dissociation constants imply on the timing of SOS gene expression in C. difficile.
Keywords: Clostridium difficile, antibiotic resistance, toxin regulation, SOS system, surface plasmon resonance, SPR, LexA repressor
Published: 29.06.2017; Views: 521; Downloads: 240
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The influence of broadband regulation in EU on the development of the regulated technology
Andrej Mihevc, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of the article is to answer the question if the level of intensity of `ex ante` regulation (also `regulation`) imposed by NRA (national regulatory Authority or regulators) influence on the development of incumbent DSL technology against other Access technologies. There are several approaches which support the basic idea of regulation, that Ćex anteĆ regulation promotes the competition. The approaches must be also based on the size of themarket. In the internet world there are different access technologies. OpenAccess is crucial for the development of competition. Regulators have to ensure, that also new entrants can reach end users through the facilities of the incumbent operator. Based on the approach of three criteria, European Commission defines two wholesale relevant access markets both based on DSL technology (`bitstream` access and unbundled local loop) susceptible to sector specific `ex ante` regulation. In the last stage also optical access isincluded on the relevant markets. Other technologies are still not equivalent to incumbent DSL technology according to the opinion of the commission. The intensity of regulation influences on the competition conditions. It influences on the level where and at which point of the investment ladder entrants will enter the market through wholesale inputs or through building its own infrastructure.
Keywords: regulation, market analyses, broadband, correlation, DSL technology
Published: 22.01.2018; Views: 389; Downloads: 178
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A comparison of the channel geomorphic unit composition of regulated and unregulated reaches in the Soča river
Ian Maddock, Nataša Smolar, Graham Hill, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper examines the effects of flow regulation on the size, spatial distribution and connectivity of channel geomorphic units (CGU) in the Soča River, Slovenia. A river channel survey was completed along three reaches, i.e. an unregulated reach (reach 1), and two regulated reaches with lower discharges, (reach 2 and 3). Results demonstrated significant differences in the CGU composition between the unregulated and regulated reaches. Flow regulation in the Soča River alters the dominant types of CGU's present, significantly reduces the size of CGU's, and affects the longitudinal distribution of types by reducing habitat connectivity and creating greater habitat fragmentation.
Keywords: Soča River, river regulation, habitat mapping, channel geomorphic unit, river hydraulics, river morphology
Published: 05.03.2018; Views: 419; Downloads: 59
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The implementation of environmentally oriented controlling
Vladimir Permyakov, Vitaly Parfenov, Sergei Alexandrov, Yuri Sivkov, Arthur Nikiforov, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The environmental management mechanism is a set of tools on the impact of economic entities to ensure the consideration of environmental factors at all stages of activity. The basic tools of environmental management are: - environmental assessment and the procedure of evaluation of the impact of activities on the environment; - environmental control; - ecological examination; - environmental audit; - environmental certification; - environmental accounting and reporting; - environmental monitoring; - environmental labelling and advertising. Environmental regulation is carried out at various stages of economic activity. The legal basis of such regulation are Federal Laws "On environmental protection", "On ecological expertise" and other legislative acts.
Keywords: environmental controlling, environmental management, assessment, audit, certification, accounting, reporting, regulation
Published: 11.05.2018; Views: 261; Downloads: 38
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Abolition of exequatur in Brussels Ia regulation
Paula Poretti, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: This article will analyse and evaluate if and to what extent enforcement of judgments according to the Brussels Ia Regulation may be challenging for Croatian judges. It seeks to answer the questions a) which novelties in terms of recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments are introduced through the system of cross-border enforcement of judgments under Brussels Ia and b) with regard to the lack of implementation provisions in Croatian legal system, how will a new “adaptation device” according to Art. 54 of the Brussels operate. In particular, how and by whom will the adaptation of measure or order be carried out and how will it be challenged pursuant to Art. 54 (2) of the Brussels Ia Regulation. In a search for possible answers, approaches as well as solutions adopted in the legal systems of some Member States will also be taken into account. Considerations which can be attributed to the lack of provisions regarding implementation of the Brussels Ia Regulation in Croatian legal system will be highlighted.
Keywords: exequatur, abolition, Brussels Ia Regulation, adaptation, measure, order, recognition, enforcement, execution, judgment
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 203; Downloads: 28
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