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Inclusive regional value chains: blockchaining perishable agricultural products in Southern Africa
Hamisi K. Sama, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: In Southern Africa due to unsystematically and uncoordinated regional value chain (RVCs), plenty of perishable agricultural products are lost because of spoilage and poor postharvest system misaligning upstream and downstream partners. Although appeal for increasing trade in Southern Africa region may seem plausible, there are strictly speaking no well-grounded economic reasons why perishable agricultural products trade should be an obsession. Broad-based inclusive RVCs through blockchaining perishable agricultural products could enable far more effective responses to region’s sustainable developmental challenges as it does in developed and emerging economies. Recently, the rise and expansion of inclusive RVCs and emphasis on blockchain has spurred major paradigm shift on revamping postharvest system. The investigate relevance of blockchaining initiatives towards inclusive RVCs to perishable agricultural products in Southern Africa. Through a quantitative research approach involving quantitative data collection methods, the research aims to assess the current challenges, opportunities, and perceptions regarding blockchain technology in the agricultural sector. Study findings practically and empirically contribute to excel blockchain for supporting development of inclusive and resilient value chains, providing insights for policymakers and stakeholders in promoting sustainable economic growth in Southern Africa's agricultural sector.
Keywords: inclusive regional value chain, blockchain, perishable agricultural products
Published in DKUM: 20.03.2024; Views: 191; Downloads: 8
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Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with osteoporotic hip fracture
Mateja Krajnc, Vojislav Ivetić, 2021, original scientific article

Keywords: osteoporosis, osteoporotic hip fracture, family medicine, regional hospital
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2023; Views: 562; Downloads: 45
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New Architecture of The Berane Airport
Ivan Pićurić, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: This Master's Thesis explores the concept of the New Berane Airport that will serve as a turning point for improving the winter tourism offer of Montenegro and the region, thereby attracting a greater number of tourists to the country. The new facility must follow the guidelines of modern architecture, modern design, and the surrounding mountain landscapes, which represents an additional challenge in terms of construction and design. The main aim is to create an efficient structure, a new regional aviation centre, with well-designed transport links that will meet the needs of a large number of passengers and visitors from the region and the rest of the world. The visual aspects of the structure must be in line with the dominant type of architecture in the municipality of Berane, which is why the use of local materials and traditional elements has been foreseen. The new urban plan will follow the existing plan, although its capacity and content will be expanded in accordance with the former plans for the airport. In the planning phase, appropriate use of airport and traffic manuals is essential.
Keywords: airport, architecture, concrete, shell roof, glass facade, tourism, transport, parametric design, regional centre, Berane
Published in DKUM: 15.06.2018; Views: 1333; Downloads: 367
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Towards European Union or regional economic area : Western Balkans at crossroads
Gazmend Qorraj, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of the paper is to reflect upon the dilemma or whether the EU will continue the integration process in the Western Balkans or backlash on regional cooperation instruments and initiatives within the framework of the Western Balkans. The Regional Economic Area (REA) is analyzed as the more recent policy of the European Union for the remaining Balkan countries. It is crucial to analyze the idea behind REA, starting from two main assumptions: first, the creation of REA stemmed from EU internal challenges; and second, REA came up as a creative EU approach in efforts to find a specific model for reforms in the Western Balkans in the frame of regional institutions. The paper also discusses regional trade and specifically the role of the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) in coordinating these initiatives in the Western Balkans. Taking into consideration the EU current challenges as well as difficulties of the Western Balkan countries to overcome the political and economic problems, then regional cooperation could appear as an alternative to the EU integration process for the Western Balkans. The main conclusion of this paper is that the Western Balkans needs the EU’s direct support, in particular, since RCC and other regional instruments cannot enforce, support and monitor the initiatives and reforms in the region.
Keywords: Western Balkans, integration, cooperation, coordination, regional, enlargement
Published in DKUM: 03.05.2018; Views: 1279; Downloads: 169
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Fish ponds as a factor of development in rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Rahman Nurković, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper explains the impact of fish farms on the development of rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Fishing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was recognized as an opportunity for industrial production, tourism and placing high quality healthy food on market as well as rural development and the possibility of creating new jobs. In terms of agroclimatic conditions, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a very favorable geographical, hydrological, climatic and ecological conditions for fish production, which is reflected in the availability of water resources of rivers, lakes and marine fish farms. In Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 41 registered fish farms of freshwater and saltwater fish and it is estimated that there are about twenty unregulated fish farms. With the available resources, the existance of tradition in production, decades of existance of lake fish ponds and dynamic development of production in cages classify fish farming as a significant branch of economy, which ensures it in the domestic market, but also on the markets of neighboring countries, the European Union.
Keywords: agricultural geography, rural areas, regional development, fish farms, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Published in DKUM: 16.04.2018; Views: 1140; Downloads: 92
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Sociological survey of the current status and nature conservation in relation to the development of tourism in the cadastral of Tatranská Lomnica
Michaela Ližbetinová, 2014, review article

Abstract: The main part of the cadastral of Tatranská Lomnica belongs to the Tatra National Park. The activity of humans is limited there because nature is protected by law. This is the first time there will be building of new accommodation and sport facilities, especially after November 2004 when was severe wind damage in the Tatra region. In this thesis we focus on the opinions of respondents on the current state of the environment and its protection in the municipalities of the cadastral Tatranská Lomnica in relation to the present tourist business development.
Keywords: Slovakia, Tatra, national parks, nature protection, regional development, tourism
Published in DKUM: 16.04.2018; Views: 1019; Downloads: 85
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A comparative analysis of life style of the local people before and after the construction of the dams in the sub zone of Mendfera : a case study of Adi-Mengoti and Mai-Aron dams
Mohammad Afsar Alam, Masihulla Khan, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Eritrea is one of the Sahelian countries in the Horn of Africa facing acute shortage of water. In areas where rainfall is low and unreliable, the construction of dams is utmost important for irrigation, domestic and livestock uses. Agriculture is the mainstay of Eritrean people; it has been playing a vital role in the process of economic development. It is estimated that about 75 per cent of the population depends on agriculture and allied activities. In such a country where agriculture is the backbone of the economy regular supply of water for irrigation is as important as the veins and arteries in the human body. In fact, dams serve multi purposes i.e. water supply for agriculture and domestic uses, flood control, hydro-power generation, navigation, fisheries and recreation activities. But in Eritrea, dams are mainly constructed to supply water for irrigation, domestic, industrial and livestock uses. This research paper is carried out to examine a comparative analysis of life style of the local people before and after the construction of the dams in the sub zone of Mendefera (Zoba Debub, Eritrea).
Keywords: Africa, Eritrea, dams, water supply, agriculture, regional development, economic development
Published in DKUM: 16.04.2018; Views: 1230; Downloads: 83
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Farms and mines: a conflicting or complimentary land use dilemma in western Australia?
Fiona Haslam McKenzie, 2009, review article

Abstract: The Western Australian economy has always been underpinned by farming and mining. Over the last five years the economy has experienced phenomenal growth due to unprecedented global demand for resources and increasingly, agricultural land is being given up for mining. Changing land uses challenge industry and community leaders; some communities are overwhelmed by a new population connected with mining, bringing with it a range of social and economic tensions that small communities struggle to cope with. This paper will discuss the conflicting issues regarding land use planning, local and environmental governance and sense of place while also canvassing positive developments that have enhanced community and regional economic development, thus building a resilient future.
Keywords: regional economic development, mining and energy sector, agricultural production, Australia
Published in DKUM: 26.03.2018; Views: 2604; Downloads: 87
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Knowledge base of the region - role of the universities in regional innovation : the case of south Transdanubia
Zoltán Gál, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The economic attraction and competitiveness of the regions depends on the spatially balanced network-based co-operation of different research bases and firms involved in innovation development. The utilisation of the regional knowledge base, innovation potential and co- operation between businesses and universities & research institutions continues to play an increasing role in regard to business success and the competitive economic performance of the regions. Innovation is considered as an interactive and system-like process depending on traditions with definite spatial forms and it is manifested in the form of “networks” among the companies and universities, and among the different transfer organisations, which can stimulate university-industry linkages. The paper presents the findings of the “ERAWATCH regional benchmarking surveys – in which the South Transdanubian region participated in – on innovation potential and investment into research” surveys concentrating on the role of innovation networks, within them highlighting the special role of regional universities in the collaborative research networks. The introduction is followed by a demonstration highlighting the role of universities in national and regional knowledge transfer emphasizing the fact that the spatial (regional) structure of innovation is very much determined by the transformation of potential universities and their widening innovative functions during the economic transition in Hungary. The next section provides an overview of findings of the ERAWATCH survey (2006) on the role of universities in regional network building and discusses those factors that are necessary for the establishment of a research university model. The last section assesses the efficiency and coherence of the Regional Innovation System with regard to the needs and capacities of the regional economies and the extent of matching or mismatching between the knowledge and economic specialization.
Keywords: regional innovation, knowledge base, ERAWATCH Survey, university-firm links, knowledge and economic specialization
Published in DKUM: 14.03.2018; Views: 1198; Downloads: 92
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The significance of regional planning
Andrej Černe, 2008, review article

Abstract: The article is a short summary of lectures at the 1st International Summer School GEOREGNET held at Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor in Maribor 23 September, 2008. The aim of the lecture was to discuss some of the basic dilemmas about the role of regional planning in a contemporary society within the context of market economy.
Keywords: regional planning, urban planning, regional development
Published in DKUM: 13.03.2018; Views: 1062; Downloads: 110
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