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1.
Useful measures in the field of time and dimensional rationalisation of manual training lessons
Samo Fošnarič, Jurij Planinšec, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Schoolwork, especially lessons in manual skills is often associated with various ergonomics stresses. These stresses are the result not only of school obligations but also of the physical working environment and inadequate lesson planning. Much can be done in this field if certain approaches are taken into consideration at the work planning stage. Thus we can use certain analytical methods, such as the Method of Temporary Observations (Multi-Moment Method) and OWAS (a method for the evaluation of postural load during work), when positioning stressful lesson factors. This can be done in arelatively simple way in the field of time rationalisation as well as in the field of dimensional work adjustment to pupils. Research results in this papershow that by using a planned directed approach in this field, it is possible to achieve, a higher level of efficiency with normal levels of fatigue.
Keywords: dimensional rationalisation, manual skills lessons, pupils, technology and design education, time rationalisation
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 904; Downloads: 59
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2.
Pupils' cooperation in the process of grading knowledge
Milena Ivanuš-Grmek, Marija Javornik Krečič, 2004, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In the first part the paper points characteristics democratisation of the grading process. The second part presents the results of empirical research carried out in December 2003, which involved a sample of seven- and eight-grade pupils of eight-year primary school, and a sample of Slovenian language and mathematics teachers in the seven and eight grades of eight-year primary school. The results showed differences in judgements of the frequency of individual requirements of teachers between the groups of teachers and pupils
Keywords: education, teaching process, pupils, teachers, pupils' cooperation, primary education
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 892; Downloads: 12
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3.
Comics as a literary-didactic method and their use for reducing gender differences in reading literacy at the primary level of education
Maja Kerneža, Katja Košir, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of the systematic use of comics as a literary-didactic method to reduce gender differences in reading literacy and reading motivation at the primary level of education. It was assumed that the use of comics would have a positive effect on pupils’ reading literacy and reading motivation, while also reducing the aforementioned differences between boys and girls. The dimensions of reading literacy and reading motivation were examined in experimental and control groups, before and aſter the intervention, by means of questionnaires and tests for pupils. The sample consisted of 143 pupils from second to fifth grade from two Slovenian primary schools in a rural environment, of which 73 pupils participated in the experimental group and 70 pupils represented the control group. Effects of the use of comics as a literary-didactic method were not found: using comics as a literary-didactic method did not have a statistically significant effect on pupils’ reading literacy and reading motivation. However, when the four-way structure of the research (taking into account the age and gender of the pupils) was considered, some subgroups showed a statistically significant increase in reading interest and attitude towards reading. No reduction of gender differences in reading literacy and reading motivation was found. Based on the results, guidelines for further research are established and suggestions are offered for teachers’ work.
Keywords: comics, gender differences, primary level pupils, reading literacy, reading motivation
Published: 13.07.2017; Views: 341; Downloads: 58
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4.
Physical self-concept, anthropometry and body composition in preadolescents
Stojan Puhalj, Črtomir Matejek, Jurij Planinšec, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The main aim of this study was to determine the relationship of morphologic features and body composition to physical self-concepts in boys and girls separately. This research included 630 children from north-eastern Slovenia, aged 9 to 11 years (M = 10.01; SD = .810), of which 311 were boys and 319 were girls. Morphologic features of the children were measured with the use of a standardized anthropometric instrumentation; the Maltron BF-907 Body Composition Analyzer was used for the measurement of body fat, fat-free mass, and body water proportions. The gender, age, and physical self-concept data were acquired through the French version of The Physical Self-Inventory – a short form questionnaire for determining the physical self-concept of adolescents, adapted to Slovenia. The relation between individual morphological features and physical self-concept was determined by regression analysis. Statistical significance was established at 0.05. The results show that the physical self-concept is more closely connected with body composition and morphologic features in boys than in girls, whereas the body fat proportion is the strongest predictor of physical self-concept in boys. The findings show that, particularly in boys, the physical self-concept is also largely based on the morphologic features and body composition. It is necessary to give special attention to boys, as we often think that boys are not as concerned with the physical appearance as girls.
Keywords: self-concept, physical development, body measurements, body fat, pupils
Published: 21.07.2017; Views: 439; Downloads: 38
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5.
A child and the art in the first and the second grade of the primary school
Dubravka Kuščević, Marija Brajčić, Ivana Matijašević, 2009, short scientific article

Abstract: The nature of the relation between the art and art teaching is dialectical. Art teaching is unthinkable and unrealizable without art substances, and a work of art can't achieve its full sense without educated person capable of experience. Starting from that fact came the idea to explore the perception of the art works at the children in the early school age, in this case at the children in the first and the second grade of the primary school, their preferences and the attitude towards the works of art. It was tried to figure out how much children of the lower school age like to view the works of art and the preferences of the pupils of the lower school age (first and second grades of primary schools) according to work of arts of traditional or modern artistic expression (controlling the influence of the variable — gender), drawings or paintings, figurative or abstract presentation. Children of early school age in a higher percentage choose paintings in relation to drawings (81 % of the pupils of the first grade and 79% of the second grade). Most of the children of the lower school age (69% of the pupils of the first grade and 76% of the second grade) prefer figurative in relation to abstract expression. Most of the children of the lower school age like to view art work.
Keywords: pupils, the art, preferences, primary school
Published: 19.09.2017; Views: 277; Downloads: 32
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6.
Discussions on school reform - a long way to the unification of schools for 10 to 14-year-olds
Renate Seebauer, 2009, review article

Abstract: The beginning of the article presents a retrospect of the discussion of unifying schools in Austria with arguments for and against them. In the 2008/09 school year a few selected Austrian regions started experimental school models in an attempt to unify their school system at the level of ten to fourteen-year-old pupils. More schools will start similar experiments a year later. Particularism — mainly politically motivated — has become evident: Nine regions, nine concepts. The fact that a new school organization will need teachers that have been educated in line with the new pedagogical concepts has been discussed sporadically. It remains neglected, however, in the overall concept of educational reform — at least in current public discussions.
Keywords: school reform in Austria, unified schools, higher level, school for ten to fourteen-year-old pupils, school reforms, school policy, Austria
Published: 21.09.2017; Views: 168; Downloads: 31
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7.
Developing and fostering creativity through the works of art by young pupils
Kristinka Selaković, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this experimental research was to examine the effectiveness and impact of active observation of the work of art by applying specially designed strategies, methods and procedures to the development of general artistic creativity in pupils. The research was conducted on a sample of 199 pupils (the experimental group consisted of 102 pupils, and the control group of 97 pupils) from two primary schools in Užice (Serbia). The conclusions indicate how important it is for children to access the work of art on a personal level, independently and through interaction, as well as to develop their own concepts.
Keywords: creativity, work of art, young pupils, development program, museum
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 374; Downloads: 170
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