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1.
Pulzni tlak pri bolnikih z arterijsko hipertenzijo v Sloveniji
Marjetka Pal, Marjan Pajntar, Branimir Leskošek, Jože Drinovec, Polonca Ferk, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Namen: Namen naše študije je bil določiti porazdelitev pulznega tlaka (PP), sistoličnega (SBP) in diastoličnega (DBP) krvnega tlaka v odvisnosti od spola in starosti ter ugotoviti odnos med PP, SBP in DBP. Analizirali smo podatke za 19972 bolnikov z arterijsko hipertenzijo v Sloveniji. Metode: Podatke o meritvah arterijskega krvnega tlaka (SBP, DBP) na nadlahti smo pridobili pri več kot 360 družinskih zdravnikih iz zdravstvenih kartotek bolnikov. Večino podatkov smo zbrali v obdobju 2002-2006. Rezultati: Povprečen PP je bil (71,2 +- 16,9) mmHg, povprečen SBP (172,8 +- 18,1) mmHg in povprečen DBP (101,6 +- 10,4) mmHg. Analiza z linearno regresijo je pokazala statistično značilno povezavo PP tako s starostjo (p < 0,001) kot tudi s spolom (p < 0,001). Pulzni tlak je naraščal s starostjo, pri moških in ženskah podobno. Ženske so imele statistično značilno višji PP (p < 0,001) kot moški v starostnem obdobju 35-65 let, razlika pa je bila manj izrazita po 80. letu starosti. Pulzni tlak je v črki U podobnem odnosu z DBP ter v skoraj linearnem odnosu s SBP. Zaključek: Rezultati naše študije kažejo, da je PP pri slovenskih bolnikih z arterijsko hipertenzijo odvisen tako od spola kot od starosti bolnika, na osnovi česar želimo spomniti na pomen upoštevanja PP pri načrtovanju antihipertenzivnega zdravljenja.
Keywords: pulse pressure, arterial hypertension, epidemiology, Slovenia
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1313; Downloads: 19
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2.
Increased augmentation index and central systolic arterial pressure are associated with lower school and motor performance in young adolescents
Bernarda Vogrin, Marjan Rupnik, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Objective: In adults, improper arterial function has been linked to cognitive impairment. The pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and other vascular parameters are useful indicators of arterial health. In our study, we monitored arterial properties, body constitution, school success, and motor skills in young adolescents. We hypothesize that reduced cognitive and motor abilities have a vascular origin in children. Methods: We analysed 81 healthy school children aged 11-16 years. Anthropometry central systolic arterial pressure, body mass index (BMI), standard deviation scores (SDS) BMI, general school performance grade, and eight motor tests were assessed. PWV, AIx, and central systolic arterial pressure (SBPao) were measured. Results: AIx and SBPao correlated negatively with school performance grades. Extremely high AIx, PWVand SBPao values were observed in 5% of children and these children had average to low school performance. PWV correlated significantly with weight, height, and waist and hip circumference. AIx, PWV, school success, and BMI correlated strongly with certain motor functions. Conclusions: Increased AIx and SBPao are associated with lower school and motor performance in children. PWV is influenced by the body's constitution.
Keywords: augmentation index, pulse wave velocity, school success, motor functions, young adolescents, central systolic arterial pressure, body mass index
Published: 13.07.2017; Views: 317; Downloads: 174
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