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Technological, marketing and complementary competencies driving innovative performance of Slovenian manufacturing firms
Tanja Rajkovič, Janez Prašnikar, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper discusses innovative performance of firms and underlying competencies, namely technological, marketing and complementary. Competencies are regarded as networks of various capabilities and other firm assets and can be used for cross-industry comparisons. The study is based on a survey carried out among 50 established Slovenian manufacturing companies addressing competencies which they employ in their 65 distinct product lines. Three distinct segments of firms are established based on innovative performance indicators. Used are techniques of multivariate statistics, including cluster analysis and analysis of variance. The results imply that the most innovative firms simultaneously develop technological, marketing and complementary competencies. The implications of our findings are valuable to the firms aligning their competencies with their strategy, as well as to policy makers in technology following countries.
Keywords: Slovenia, processing industry, technological development, innovations, marketing
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2018; Views: 1079; Downloads: 352
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Training on sustainable use of water in the processing industry
Melita Moretti, Mirko Markič, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this article is to present research results on the influence of factors of sustainable water use training (management support of training, co-worker support of training, incentives for using skills acquired during training) and the influence of this training on technical efficiency and employee efficiency. The article is based on an empirical study of 328 medium and large companies in the Slovene processing industry. The findings show that the training factors have a statistically significant and positive effect on sustainable water use training and that training has a positive effect on technical efficiency. They also offer new theoretical knowledge as well as practical guidelines for anyone working in the sustainable development management of natural resources.
Keywords: Management, water, processing industry, research, sustainable development, training
Published in DKUM: 14.11.2017; Views: 1169; Downloads: 149
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Fuzzy Logic Model for the performance benchmarking of sugar plants by considering best available techniques
Damjan Krajnc, Miro Mele, Peter Glavič, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of performance benchmarking of traditional beet sugar plants, by considering Best Available Techniques (BAT) for beet sugar production, as determined by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. A Fuzzy Logic Model, based on fuzzy set theory, was constructed for this purpose, in order to compare the performances of sugar plants within the sector's best standards, as expressed in the Reference Document on BAT. The effectiveness of the model was tested in the case study,in which three sugar plants were benchmarked against the BAT regarding the consumption of energy, water, raw materials and the production of wastes, wastewater, by-products and the main product. The model was recognized as helpful for the benchmarking needs of sugar plants. In addition, by integrating BAT Reference Document analysis into the model, it provides IPPC permitting authorities with an objective method and uniform BAT benchmarks to manage permitting process.
Keywords: chemical processing, beet sugar production, sugar industry, clean technologies, performance benchmarking, IPPC Directive, technology performance assessment, fuzzy set theory, best available techniques, IPPC permitting process
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2554; Downloads: 92
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Hygiene monitoring of textiles used in the food industry
Sabina Fijan, Avrelija Cencič, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Protective clothing is required in the food-processing industry, to protect workers from contamination by bacteria, fungi, viruses, prions etc. contained in the secretions and raw meat of slaughtered animals, and to protect the meat from being contaminated by microorganisms carried by the workers. It is well-understood that textiles are a control point (CP), and must be appropriately cleaned and disinfected in order to prevent biocontamination. Although the laundering procedure itself is important for achieving disinfection, it is also essential to maintain an appropriate hygiene level in the laundry, in order to prevent recontamination of textiles by environmental viable microorganisms. In this study, a sanitary-microbiologicalanalysis was carried out in selected CPs in two laundries. Chemo-thermal washing efficiency was determined by evaluating the anti-bacterial effect against Enterococcus faecium and Staphylococcus aureus. The hygienic state of the laundries was determined by evaluating the number and type of microorganisms at selected CPs throughout the whole laundering procedure. The results indicated that the sanitary condition of both laundries did not reach the required levels and that several microbes were resistant to cleaning and disinfecting agents. It is obvious from the results that achievement of an appropriate hygiene level during laundering textiles from the food processing industry requires the implementation of appropriate corrective monitoring measures.
Keywords: laundry hygiene, textiles, food-processing industry, occupational health
Published in DKUM: 30.05.2012; Views: 2162; Downloads: 356
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Dynamic effects of international fragmentation of production : empirical analysis of Slovenian manufacturing firms
Anže Burger, 2009, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: An increasing number of firms outsource peripheral functions in order to stay focused on their core capabilities. This dissertation contributes to a limited body of theoretical and empirical research on the relationship between intermediate inputs offshoring and firm productivity. The main aim of the dissertation is to study the effects of vertical fragmentation on firm productivity. In tight relation to the primary aim, I attempt to provide evidence for the focusing on core capabilities as one of the transmission channels through which imports boost firm productivity. Namely, the main hypothesis of the dissertation states that firms can exploit international outsourcing not only as an efficient means to cutting production costs and enhancing the quality of the inputs, but can use it as a leverage to direct scarce resources on their core business activities. By outsourcing standardized, peripheral components and activities, firms can better concentrate on activities such as research, innovation, sales and marketing, and increase their energies on matters that directly affect competitive positioning.
Keywords: Slovenia, industries, processing industry, enterprises, production, business process, outsourcing, international cooperation, dynamics, productivity, analysis
Published in DKUM: 30.05.2012; Views: 2368; Downloads: 93
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