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Detecting and analysing condition of hydraulic oils with on-line sensors
Vito Tič, Darko Lovrec, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: On-line condition monitoring of the entire system or individual components can be used for detection of impending system break-down. The on-line monitoring of the state of hydraulic system and fluid plays a decisive role in general on-line condition monitoring. Friction, wear, leakage and excessive temperatures all have impact on lubricating properties of the oil. Apart from this, the oil its self is prone to aging and deterioration processes, which can also result in corrosion and equipment failures. The oil condition can be understood as a fingerprint of the condition of the complete system. Due to a widespread availability of robust and cost-effective on-line sensors for measuring various fluid properties, latest developments deal with on-line oil condition monitoring to determine the condition of hydraulic system and fluid. This allows for maintenance work to be carried out based on the detected system condition.
Keywords: oil ageing, condition monitoring, physical properties, chemical properties
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 867; Downloads: 15
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Gold in the past, today and future
Rebeka Rudolf, Maša Anžel, Evgenija Marković, Miodrag Čolić, Dragoslav Stamenković, 2012, review article

Abstract: This paper deals with gold, which is described as a chemical element. Special attention is paid to its physical-chemical properties and, furthermore, where or in what form it can be found in nature. We discuss the role it has played through history and we inform how gold has been developed to the level it has reached today's value. Still more, when gold is broken into nanoparticles, this form could be highly useful for a wide range of processes, including general nanotechnology, electronics manufacturing and the synthesizing of different functional materials. It is important that we know that gold is also used in industry in many engineering applications (contacts in micro-electronics) and medicine (dental alloys, implants).
Keywords: gold, physical-chemical properties, nano-particles, applications
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1675; Downloads: 58
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Compact spinning for improved quality of ring-spun yarns
Momir Nikolić, Zoran Stjepanović, Franc Lesjak, Andrej Štritof, 2003, original scientific article

Abstract: A new impulse in the field of ring spinning technology is offered by compact-condensed spinning. The article presents the comparison of two chosen spinning systems for the production of compact yarns. We have analysed and compared the physical, mechanical and morphological properties of conventional and compact yarns, spun at the same technological and kinematical parameters from the same cotton, cotton/PES and cotton/viscose roving. The construction specificities of the Suessen and Zinser compact ring spinning frames, on which the comparative spinning was performed, are described within this work. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of differences in compacting systems on yarn quality, and to compare the compact and conventional yarns produced.
Keywords: textile industry, ring spinning, compact spinning, compact yarns, mechanical properties, physical properties
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1102; Downloads: 24
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Exergy analysis of a Brayton cycle with variable physical properties and variable composition of working substance
Marija Živić, Antun Galović, Jurij Avsec, Mario Holik, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The exergy analysis of a Brayton cycle is performed in the paper. The four input variables: the ratio of the compressor exit and inlet pressures, the ratio of inlet temperature of gases in turbine and inlet temperature of air in compressor and the isentropic efficiencies of the compressor and turbine are analysed. The temperature ratio is varied in a way that the compressor inlet temperature of air is maintained constant, while the turbine inlet temperature of flue gases is varied from 900 to 1200°C. In the combustion chamber methane is completely combusted with excess air ratio which is determined by the temperature of flue gases at the turbine inlet. The analysis further includes variability of the molar heat capacities of air and flue gases with temperature and variability of their heat capacity ratios. The exergy destruction in turbine, compressor and combustion chamber and also total exergy efficiency of the cycle are considered in the analysis.
Keywords: Brayton cycle, variable physical properties, variable composition of working substance, maximum work output, maximum thermal efficiency
Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 798; Downloads: 181
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