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Medical education in the field of communication as a value and a means of health quality improvement
Jana Goriup, Kleopatra Kodrič, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The article discusses the issues of communication between a doctor and a patient as one of the main approaches within the patients' medical treatment. This approach, which includes the field of communication in medicine as a value, more and more appears as obligatory not only in the field of profession itself, but also in the field of the patients' needs. Communication covers a huge part of our social as well as intimate lives . Our social functioning is based on communication. The transfer and preserving of values is based on communication. Especially in the field of medicine, the function of communication appears to be one of the key elements to allow a better and complete treatment of the patient. The article discusses studies which have shown that communication skills have to be developed, it is advisable to introduce them into the educational programmes for med students and medical staff. Researches have shown that students, who were taught the field of communication skills, later as doctors or medical staff obtained a lot more information about patients than those who were not given such education.
Keywords: communication, doctors, patients, education, values
Published: 30.03.2017; Views: 312; Downloads: 148
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Is education for using humour in nursing needed?
Jana Goriup, Jadranka Stričević, Vida Sruk, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction: Although there has been considerable discussion regarding the presence of therapeutic aspects of humour in the nurse educational programme and syllabus, little is known about the use of humour in the nurse - patient relationship and the needed topics in the Slovene educational system for nurses. From educational and medical perspectives, humour is anything that evokes laughter and it has been proven that laughter contributes to physical health. A sense of humour in nursing has a conformist, quantitative and productive importance which is manifested through the essential elements of humour: meta-communication sensitivity, personal affection for humour and emotional admissibility. As nurses spend a lot of time with patients, humour adds to the quality of their work as well as to the nurses’ satisfaction with their work with patients. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the significance of humour in nursing both for the employees and for the patients and to discuss humour within the framework of nursing profession in Slovenia. The specific objective of our study is to explore the attitudes of Slovenian nurses towards humour and their actual use of humour during their interaction with patients. Methods: For the purpose of this study, a quantitative research methodology was adopted. A questionnaire was used to collect data on the topic and a set of statistical analyses (frequency distribution method, the χ2 and Spearman rank correlation test) was performed on the data obtained. Results: Our study shows that Slovenian nurses are prone to the use of humour in their work and they welcome it as an integral part of their work with patients. We found that humour also enhances their sense of belonging to the nursing profession and serves as a tool for socialization. Discussion: Humour, employed in nursing can help overcome certain difficulties which nurses face in the workplace as they also try to fulfil some social objectives and get socialized via humour. These psychological-sociological features of humour stand out as cognitive and social benefits of the positive emotions of joy, the use of humour for social communication and their influence on the release of stress and coping, which draws from the ergonomics of humour as social interaction. Therefore, topics of humour in nurse education are required. Limitations: 279 Slovenian nurses with different levels of education participated in the study. Conclusions: Humour should be used by nurses since it is important in their professional interaction with patients. It can be used as a bridge between individuals and can serve as a means of individual's integration into groups, cultures and, consequently, into the society as a whole.
Keywords: education, humour, nurses, nursing, patients
Published: 23.01.2018; Views: 646; Downloads: 40
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The relationship between doctors, patients and the law in North American and British literature
Victor Kennedy, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In common law jurisdictions today, the relationship between doctors and patients is generally considered to be a private one (Dorr Goold and Lipkin Jr., 1999). Like most professions, doctors are governed to a large extent by professional associations with their own Codes of Ethics. To practice medicine in the United States, Canada, or Britain, doctors must be licensed by their local Board or College. Government control of doctor-patient relationships is generally limited to funding, but in a few areas, in particular, those that are considered to be matters of public morality or ethics, criminal statutes can apply. Historically, reproductive rights have often fallen under state control. This paper will compare fictional representations of state interference with reproductive rights in three science-fiction dystopias, Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale (Atwood, 1985), P.D. James's Children of Men (James, 1992), and Harlan Ellison's "A Boy and His Dog" (Ellison, 1969), and examine the real-world situations and concerns that these stories comment upon.
Keywords: doctors, patients, relationship, common law, American literature, British literature
Published: 08.10.2018; Views: 106; Downloads: 20
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Relationship between a doctor and a patient with mental disorder
Blanka Kores-Plesničar, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Quality relationship between a doctor and a patient with mental disorder is pivotal to successful treatment. The doctor, the patient and the environment contribute numerous factors to this relationship. There are also ethical and legal aspects to consider, and above all, it is intrinsically linked with the patient's trust. However, the relationship between a doctor and a patient with mental disorder may lead to crossing professional boundaries and even to their violation. Crossing boundaries means deviating from normal standards of practice that does not exploit or harm the patient, and can be even beneficial to the later; violation of boundaries is harmful to the patient and serves primarily for satisfying the needs of the doctor. Education and learning ethical norms and communication techniques represent the foundation of all professional relationships.
Keywords: doctors, patients, relationship, mental disorders
Published: 08.10.2018; Views: 75; Downloads: 22
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Different approaches to cross border mobility of patients in the European Union in Czechia, Slovakia and Poland
Filip Křepelka, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Poland and Slovakia are neighbour countries with similar history and socioeconomic conditions. They share heritage of socialized healthcare. Nevertheless, they adopted different policies towards promotion of patients´ mobility in the European Union. Accession to coordination of social security establishing assistance for tourists was smooth. Providers offer quality care for good prices. Foreign patients come to all three countries. Right for reimbursement of treatment intentionally sought across borders was created by the Court of Justice already before their accession. Nevertheless, they already decided on the Patients´ directive. Czechia supported it, Slovakia abstained and Poland refused. Numerous Poles seek treatment abroad and ask for its reimbursement, while implementing legislation barely complies and authorities are tight-fisted. Few Slovaks do it in accordance with rules adopted with cautiousness. Czechs ignore this opportunity despite official benevolence. Quality of healthcare, various price-setting and peculiarities of public financing explain this difference.
Keywords: European Union, free movement of services and goods, medical tourism, public financing of healthcare, patients' rights
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 133; Downloads: 19
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