Comparison of H2O2/UV, H2O2/O3 and H2O2/Fe2+ processes for the decolorisation of vinylsulphone reactive dyesTanja Kurbus
, Alenka Majcen Le Marechal
, Darinka Brodnjak-Vončina
, 2003, original scientific article
Abstract: Six vinylsulphone reactive dyes were decolorised using three oxidation processes (H2O2/UV, H2O2/O3 and H2O2/Fe2+). The efficiency of decolorisation was measured by decolorisation time, absorbance, COD and TOC and the three methods of decolorisation are compared.
Keywords: textile reactive dyes, vinylsulphone dyes, decolorisation, hydrogen peroxide, UV irradiation, ozone, Fenton's reagent, pollution parameters, experimental design
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1221; Downloads: 71
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Kinetic studies of catalytic ozonation of atrazineBrigita Tepuš
, Marjana Simonič
, 2008, original scientific article
Abstract: The aim of our work was to degrade atrazine by the ozone treatment of both a model and the original drinking water samples, using Pt-catalyst, and to evaluate the performance of this catalyst. The rate constant for the reaction of atrazine with ozone was determined in the model water sample. The activation energies and the reaction orders of ozone decomposition were determined in both the model and the drinking water samples. Ozone treatment using Pt-catalyst has some influence on the loss of atrazine in the sources of drinking water. The concentration of some metabolites in the model and drinking water was observed during ozone treatment. The toxicity of atrazine to crustacean Daphnia magna in the original drinking water and in the ozone treated water samples was also assessed.
Keywords: ozone, Pt-catalyst, atrazine, water treatment, waste water, kinetics
Published: 05.07.2017; Views: 293; Downloads: 54
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Depleting state of stratospheric ozoneMohammad Afsar Alam
, 2016, review article
Abstract: Though the basic needs of the humans are prioritized first, health and quality of environment are also equally important. Environmental issues are based on many and different things. One of these is the depleting state of Stratospheric Ozone in the atmosphere. The ozone layer is vital to life on earth because it acts as a filter for UV radiation, which can have severe impacts on human health and the earth’s environment. As estimated, every one per cent decrease in the ozone layer results in the increase of ultraviolet light intensity at the earth's surface by two per cent. Known effects of ultraviolet exposure include greater incidence of skin cancer and eye cataracts among humans and diminished crop yields for foods such as peas, beans, and squash and soya beans. Phytoplankton, the tiny one celled Ocean plants that are staple food for squid, fish, seals, and whales also are vulnerable to Ultra violet radiations. Depletion of ozone layer is one of the main issues of the world today. Concerning to these issue two important meetings had been hold i.e. known by the Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Most of the world countries are part of this Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Eritrea is also part of Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. In the present paper basically an attempt has been made to show the world’s concern in general and the Eritrea’s in particular about the conservation measures taken on mitigation of Ozone layer. This research paper also emphasizes on the global problem of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) releasing from different industries and specific sources. Besides, the study further includes the existence of naturally created Ozone hole on the Polar Regions.
Keywords: ozone layer, depletion, chlorofluorocarbons, CFCs, environment
Published: 17.04.2018; Views: 227; Downloads: 45
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