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1.
Systemic logistics providers
Mimo Drašković, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The functioning of a port and shipping system must be perfect in order to provide a competitive advantage and stable position in maritime market. The importance of logistics in business success of port and shipping organizations in contemporary conditions has become crucial. Due to that fact, more and more efforts are put in the designing of integral logistics systems. Thanks to a complex, systemic and networking approach, logistics today is improving the speed and efficiency of operations and significantly influences cost reduction and therewith fulfills one of the basic strategic functions, anticipating necessary key competences of the firm. It is a resource framework for the overcoming of strategic limitations and a method for the enhancement of the competitive position and all marketing and management functions. In addition to that, the integration of partners requires, by rule, a consistent restructuring of the total chain dedicated to the creation of added value, i.e. reengineering of logistics and production business processes. Flexible and small structural units are created, cooperating among each other in a decentralized manner, retaining their key competences and strategic significance for the integral network dominated by a single leading firm as a center of the system, i.e. focus of the supply chain. The paper analyzes the formation of new logistics and marketing paradigm of the beginning of the new century and millennium, anticipating the overcoming of the traditional 3PL three-party logistics concept and formation of contemporary 4PL concept.
Keywords: logistics, ports, logistic services, integral logistics systems, third party logistics, 3PL, fourth party logistics, 4PL, outsourcing
Published in DKUM: 09.05.2018; Views: 1161; Downloads: 90
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2.
Characteristics of logistics outsourcing in Bulgaria : The perspectives of the logistics service providers and their customers
Miroslava Rakovska, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The increased demand and supply of logistics services bring together the logistics service providers (LSPs) and the companies that outsource logistics activities. LSPs stand in between those companies and their customers, thus playing an essential role for supply chain integration. If the two parties have different viewpoints of the processes in the supply chain, the fulfillment of the goal to satisfy the end customers may be hindered. The purpose of this article is two-fold: First, to investigate the characteristics of logistics outsourcing in Bulgaria from the perspectives of the logistics service providers and their customers, and more specifically, to compare their viewpoints concerning the motives for outsourcing, the methods and contents of communication and some relationship management aspects; Second, to assess the relations of the communication and relationship management aspects to customer satisfaction. This article is based on empirical data provided by 138 manufacturing and trading companies and 136 LSPs and collected through two structured questionnaires designed to address the researched issues. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the independent samples t-test. The research found that the service related reasons for logistics outsourcing are prevailing and that LSPs overestimate, compared to manufacturing and trading companies, motives related to service, organizational capabilities and relationships, while more manufacturing and trading companies concern as important the availability of logistics assets and the provision of value-added services. The research also found that both the LSPs and their customers consider that the extent of sharing of knowledge and information essential for material flow integration is very low and that the usage of team meetings and joint teams is quite rare. Also, customers do not view their relationships with the LSPs as so collaborative as viewed by the LSPs. Furthermore, the research proved the existence of positive relationships between customer satisfaction and communication through team meetings and joint teams, knowledge sharing concerning material flow management and relationship management issues such as trust, mutual problem solving, understanding the logistics strategy of the other party and respecting its financial interests. The research findings may help fill in some of the gaps between LSPs and their customers. They point the need for LSPs to include in their service offerings more value-added services and to invest in assets that provide reliable and flexible services for their customers. The research also highlights the importance of knowledge sharing and trust building and reveals great potential for effective trust-based alliances between LSPs and their customers that could help them extract more competitive benefits from their relationships.
Keywords: logistics outsourcing, logistics service providers, outsourcing motives, communication, relationship management
Published in DKUM: 17.11.2017; Views: 998; Downloads: 214
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3.
Relationship between logistics service's perceived value and outsourcing of logistics activities
Klavdij Logožar, Bruno Završnik, Damjana Jerman, 2006, short scientific article

Abstract: Outsourcing has become increasingly popular in recent years, and is often quoted as a means of coping with rapid changes in technology and in the business environment. The scope of third-party logistics may range from a relatively limited combination of activities (e.g. transportation and warehousing) to a comprehensive set of logistics services. The authors first define the reasons for outsourcing with the emphasis on business logistics. They particularly point out the motivations for logistics outsourcing, the possibilities of logistics outsourcing, and they present the process of outsourcing partner selection as well. Finally they analyze the specific issues of logistics service's perceived value in outsourcing logistics activities on the basis of the survey carried out in Slovenian companies. The purpose of the survey was to measure the customers' perception of different characteristics of logistics provider which can be decisive when manufacturing firms are trying to make a decision whether to outsource and which logistics provider to select. The paper creates a framework for selection of the important and perceived characteristics of logistics provider relevant to customer in the process of the logistics supplier selection.
Keywords: logistics, logistics services, outsourcing, perceived value
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1018; Downloads: 145
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4.
Outsourcing of transport and logistics services
Anton Ogorelc, 2007, review article

Abstract: The author presents the results of the research in five parts, which are interconnected. After the introduction, in part two, entitled A Framework for Logistics Outsourcing Decisions, theoretical characteristics of outsourcing are presented. Part three, Core Competences and Outsourcing, describes the logistics competences. Part 4, Transport and Logistics Outsourcing in Europe, discusses the trends in logistics development and outsourcing. The paper will assist managers responsible for the development of logistics strategies. The paper offers a unique buyer-supplier partnership framework by proposing that the logistics outsourcing will increase the competitive advantage of manufacturing firms.
Keywords: logistics outsourcing, logistics providers (TPL providers), core competences, transport and logistics outsourcing in Europe
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1358; Downloads: 173
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5.
Outsourcing of logistics activities in manufacturing industry
Anton Ogorelc, Klavdij Logožar, 2001, original scientific article

Abstract: The external supply of logistics services is part of a trend toward outsourcing non-core logistics activities. The scope of third-party logistics may range from a relatively limited combination of activities (e.g. transportation and warehousing) to a comprehensive set of logistics services. The authors first discuss the characteristics of business logistics in manufactoring industry, to be taken into account in logistics outsourcing. They particularly point out the motivations for logistics outsourcing, the possibilities of outsourcing, as well as supplier selection. Finally they analyze the outsourcing in the reverse logistics.
Keywords: outsourcing, logistic services, business logistics, supplier selection, reverse logistics
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1063; Downloads: 181
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6.
Outsourcing logistics at petrol stations in Slovenia
Ratko Zelenika, Darko Bečaj, Helga Pavlić, 2008, short scientific article

Abstract: The environmental disburdening by means of outsourcing logistics (sorting, bundling, transport) is today significantly more present, since this has been regulated by the law provisions on environmental protection and the economic reasons. Outsourcing logistics in this field with its activities such as: improvement in assembling separate fraction, introduction of new, i. e. additional boxes, usage of specific vehicles for collection and dispatch, reestablishment of information systems and organization of a centre for disburdening of the environment(sorting, bundling and waste disposal) is contributing largely to a better accomplishment of the mission of logistics rationalization and adaptation to new law claims on environmental protection.
Keywords: logistics, petrol stations, outsourcing logistics, environemntal protection, economics
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1161; Downloads: 127
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7.
Models of inter-organizational logistics management in Slovenia
Sašo Murtič, Andrej Lisec, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Throughout the history, the transportation of goods and related logistics have played an important role in human development and existence. This pertains to numerous interlinked processes, whose management is often linked to social system, international linkages, development of industry, market and market specifics. In modern times, the management of these processes is increasingly bound to globalization of production and market, moving of production to countries with cheaper labour force, environmental protection. The present Slovenian economy depends to a large extent on economies and corporate relations of the European Union and the world. Such inter-connectedness demands frequent transportation of semi-finished and finished goods. By providing timely delivery of goods, transportation consequently enables inter-organizational linkages and individual production, economic, market and other processes. Organizational and inter-organizational management of transport logistics demands profound understanding of transport flows, freight forwarding expertise and knowledge of transport, tax, environmental and other related regulations. Adequate knowledge and mastering of cultural, linguistic, national and other differences is important as well. The presented analysis and evaluation form the basis of the construction of inter-organizational model of logistics management in Slovenia.
Keywords: logistics, logistics management, inter-organizational linkages, transport, outsourcing, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1015; Downloads: 408
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8.
Impact of disturbing factors on cooperation in logistics outsourcing performance : the empirical model
Andreja Križman, Anton Ogorelc, 2010, review article

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present the research results of a study conducted in the Slovene logistics market of conflicts and opportunism as disturbing factors while examining their impact on cooperation in logistics outsourcing performance. Relationship variables are proposed that directly or indirectly affect logistics performance and conceptualize the hypotheses based on causal linkages for the constructs. On the basis of extant literature and new argumentations that are derived from in-depth interviews of logistics experts, including providers and customers, the measurement and structural models are empirically analyzed. Existing measurement scales for the constructs are slightly modified for this analysis. Purification testing and measurement for validity and reliability are performed. Multivariate statistical methods are utilized and hypotheses are tested. The results show that conflicts have a significantly negative impact on cooperation between customers and logistics service providers (LSPs), while opportunism does not play an important role in these relationships. The observed antecedents of logistics outsourcing performance in the model account for 58.4% of the variance of the goal achievement and 36.5% of the variance of the exceeded goal.
Keywords: logistics outsourcing performance, logistics customer–provider relationships, conflicts and cooperation in logistics out- sourcing, PLS path modelling
Published in DKUM: 02.06.2017; Views: 1181; Downloads: 181
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