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1.
Determining jurisdiction and the applicable law in cross-border unfair competition and unfair commercial practices cases
Iveta Rohová, David Sehnálek, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The free movement of goods promotes cross-border transactions. Computerization of services and intensified use of the Internet also contribute to the development of trade within the EU. Problems that could once be addressed almost exclusively or at least prevailingly at a national level currently assume cross-border character. This is also true in the case of regulation of unfair competition and unfair commercial practices. Whereas the substantive regulation of unfair competition in both EU and domestic law is quite common in scientific literature, its aspects in private international law are often neglected. Since the EU law has to a large extent replaced national conflict-of-law and procedural rules with unified EU provisions, this article focuses on the EU regulations Rome II and Brussels I bis with the emphasis put on the latter. The aim of this article is to review the rules determining jurisdiction (and the applicable law) on the basis of legal doctrine, current legislation and case law of the Court of Justice of the EU. Attention also will be paid to both off-line and on-line situations, as well as to the specifics of consumer protection in the context of unfair competition and unfair commercial practices.
Keywords: unfair competition, unfair commercial practices, private international law, applicable law, jurisdiction, on-line torts
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 57; Downloads: 4
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2.
Jurisdiction in on-line defamation and violations of privacy
Jerca Kramberger Škerl, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: This article will address the rules of EU private international law regarding the international jurisdiction in defamation and the violations of the right to privacy committed via the internet. Being that there is no common conflict of laws rule regarding these issues and a number of different courts hold jurisdiction, great efforts are being taken to prevent the so called "forum shopping", or, as regards to defamation, "libel tourism". It is namely very hard to strike a fair balance between the procedural rights of both parties, since this is strongly connected with striking a balance between the freedom of speech, on one hand, and personality rights, on the other, all of which are fundamental rights. During the internet era, the problems regarding cross-border issues on defamation and privacy cases rose to a whole new dimension. The interpretation of the traditional connecting factor, the place where the harmful event occurred, became very difficult. Over the years, the Court of Justice of the EU has issued several milestone judgments interpreting Article 7(2) of the Brussels I Recast Regulation in such a way that the particularities of violations committed via the internet are taken into account.
Keywords: defamation, personality rights, privacy, jurisdiction, private international law, libel tourism, forum shopping, Brussels I Recast, torts, delicts
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 490; Downloads: 44
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3.
Determining jurisdiction and the applicable law in cross-border unfair competition and unfair commercial practices cases
Iveta Rohová, David Sehnálek, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The free movement of goods promotes cross-border transactions. Computerization of services and intensified use of the Internet also contribute to the development of trade within the EU. Problems that could once be addressed almost exclusively or at least prevailingly at a national level currently assume cross-border character. This is also true in the case of regulation of unfair competition and unfair commercial practices. Whereas the substantive regulation of unfair competition in both EU and domestic law is quite common in scientific literature, its aspects in private international law are often neglected. Since the EU law has to a large extent replaced national conflict-of-law and procedural rules with unified EU provisions, this article focuses on the EU regulations Rome II and Brussels I bis with the emphasis put on the latter. The aim of this article is to review the rules determining jurisdiction (and the applicable law) on the basis of legal doctrine, current legislation and case law of the Court of Justice of the EU. Attention also will be paid to both off-line and on-line situations, as well as to the specifics of consumer protection in the context of unfair competition and unfair commercial practices.
Keywords: unfair competition, unfair commercial practices, private international law, applicable law, jurisdiction, on-line torts
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 429; Downloads: 39
.pdf Full text (559,94 KB)
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