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1.
E-learning in nursing and midwifery during the COVID-19 pandemic
Nataša Mlinar Reljić, Maja Drešček Dolinar, Gregor Štiglic, Sergej Kmetec, Zvonka Fekonja, Barbara Donik, 2023, review article

Abstract: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, e-learning has increased. This is a challenge for nursing and midwifery students, as clinical training is an essential part of their education. The aim of this review was to identify the advantages and limitations of e-learning for nursing and midwifery students during the COVID-19 pandemic. A systematic review of the literature was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. The international databases PubMed, CINAHL/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect were searched. Articles were critically appraised. Thematic analysis was used to synthesise the data. The search resulted in 91 hits. Thirteen studies were included in the final analysis. Three main themes were identified: (1) the benefits of e-learning; (2) the challenges/limitations of e-learning; and (3) recommendations for e-learning. E-learning in nursing and midwifery is an effective alternative learning process during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students perceive several benefits and challenges related to internet access, technical equipment, financial aspects, and work and family commitments.
Keywords: e-learning, nursing care, midwifery, pandemic
Published in DKUM: 03.04.2024; Views: 142; Downloads: 11
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2.
Innovative nursing care : education and research
scientific monograph

Abstract: Higher life expectancy on a global level requires complex nursing care as poor education and a lack of knowledge can lead to mistakes. There is a need for nurses who can provide high quality and advanced nursing practice. A mix of well-grounded education and innovative research is needed, where the first provides an understanding of best nursing practice care delivery and the second helps nurses determine best practices and improve nursing care. Provides a current and in-depth picture of actual nursing challenges in education, research, and clinical practice. Helpful in nursing students' education in broader nursing care fields and different approaches in holistic nursing care.
Keywords: nursing care, palliative care, dementia, emergencies, triage, education, COVID-19, older people, children, nursing students
Published in DKUM: 27.11.2023; Views: 386; Downloads: 11
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3.
User violence against employees at nursing homes
Katarina Cesar, Liljana Rihter, Špela Selak, Branko Gabrovec, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: Earlier research has indicated the high exposure of those working in assisting occupations to workplace violence in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to complement the research gap in investigating violence within social care and determine the types and extent of workplace violence among all employees in a social care institution, the influence of aggressive behaviour of users on the well-being of employees, and the need for education on dealing with the violence to which employees are being exposed. Design/Methods/Approach: Workplace violence was researched quantitatively using a descriptive method. We used a structured survey questionnaire, which was adapted using an existing questionnaire to research the occurrence of violent acts from users against employees at nursing homes and other social care institutions. Findings: The nursing home Dom ob Savinji Celje faces user violence against its employees. The most frequent form of violence against employees is verbal abuse (37.7% of respondents) and the least frequent is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature (5.2% of respondents). Workers employed in healthcare face user violence more often than employees in other fields. Employees most often face a certain form of user violence 1-2 times per year. When an employee meets an aggressive user, the most common emotions are fear, helplessness, uncertainty, feeling under threat, and least often a lack of understanding from fellow employees. Originality/Value: This study focuses on studying workplace violence within a social care institution and complements extant, yet inadequate scientific findings.
Keywords: nursing homes, workplace violence, healthcare, social care, social care institutions
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2020; Views: 1051; Downloads: 49
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4.
Training needs assessment for leaders in nursing based on comparison of competency models
Andreja Kvas, Janko Seljak, Janez Stare, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: The main purpose behind the formation of leadership competency models must be the improvement of leadership. A competency model should serve as one of the tools for selecting the most suitable leaders, appraising their work, assessing training needs and preparing programmes of functional and formal education. The objective of this research is to assess the training needs of leaders in health care. A comparison of leadership competency models between different professional groups should serve as one of the tools with which to assess the training needs of various levels of leaders. Design/Methodology/Approach: A descriptive study using a survey design was conducted on 141 nurse leaders in Slovenia. Respondents indicated to what extent each of 95 different behaviours was characteristic of a person at their leadership level. Results: The most important competence dimensions (groups of behaviours) for leaders in health care are (1) at the first - top leadership level: strategic thinking, openness to change and responsibility; (2) for leaders at the second - middle leadership level: relations with co-workers, animation, resistance to stress; and (3) for leaders at the third leadership level: realisation skills, execution of procedures, communication. Training needs assessments were done for three leadership levels in nursing care. Conclusions: The greatest need for training of nurse leaders can be observed at the third leadership level. Special training programmes should be organised in the competency areas of realisation skills, execution of procedures, communication, education and ethics.
Keywords: competence, nursing care, leadership, public administration, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2018; Views: 1600; Downloads: 352
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5.
Employability of nursing care graduates
Barbara Donik, Majda Pajnkihar, Mojca Bernik, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Starting points: In Slovenia, the higher education institution for nursing started exploring employability opportunities in nursing care in connection with the achievement of competencies from students and employers point of view. This article highlights the importance of monitoring nursing graduates employability. Its aim is to examine the employability of nursing care graduates based on the self-evaluation of competences obtained during the last study year and to establish a link between the self-evaluation of competences and students academic performance. Methodology: A questionnaire was distributed to full and part time nursing care students attending the last study year at five different healthcare/health sciences faculties in Slovenia and to employers (healthcare institutions) where the majority of nursing care graduates finds employment. We examined the level of competence achieved by nursing students and the level of competences required by employers. The sample included a total of 485 students. 194 surveys were returned, which represent a 40 percent response. We used Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for each individual joined competence. Further, we compared employability skills of students and employers with Mann-Whitney and Wilcox rank-sum test. For correlation between two variables we used Spearman correlation analysis. Results: The Mann-Whitney and Wilkson Rank test show that employers generally assess competences with a higher average grade in comparison to students and these differences are statistically significant. By applying the Spearman correlation analysis, we established that a statistically significant weak correlation may be observed between the "average grade" and "competences" variables. Discussion and conclusion: Our findings show that a continuous monitoring of general and subject-specific competences gained by students, along with a periodic verification of competences demanded by employers, is necessary. It is very important to monitor the requirements of the labour market in terms of ongoing communication with employers who can best estimate special knowledge needs.
Keywords: employability, nursing care graduates, competences, labour market
Published in DKUM: 04.04.2017; Views: 1441; Downloads: 453
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7.
Family members' involvement in elder care provision in nursing homes and their considerations about financial compensation: A qualitative study
Ana Habjanič, Majda Pajnkihar, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this studz was to establish how familz members are involved in elder care provision in nursing homes; this included research into their feelings about potentiallz extending their involvement to obtain financial benefits as compensation for high accommodation costs. Familz members remain involved in the caring process after their relatives have been admitted to an institution. On average, accommodation costs in nursing homes in Slovenia haverisen above the residentsʼ retirement pension, and families must supplement the difference. Because of this, familial involvement should be linked to reduced accommodation costs. This research emplozed a non-experimental, descriptive studz design through unstructured interviews. Participants included fiftz familz members (n = 50) who visit their relatives in nursing homes. Data were collected in 2010 at five nursing homes in Slovenia and processed bz means of conventional content analzsis. The major themes that emerged from the content analzsis, describing familz involvement, were as follows: visiting and making oneself useful, deliverz of items for personal use, hands-on care, phzsical therapz and organiyation of nursing homeactivities. Familz members showed some interest in receiving financial compensation for their involvement. The proposed financial compensation maz bea delicate and morallz questionable matter but would involve fairness and transparencz, while enabling easier organiyation of elder care provision. Eventuallz, nursing home residentsʼ well-being could be improved.
Keywords: zdravstvena nega starostnika, sodelovanje svojcev, finančno nadomestilo, domovi za starostnike, elder care, family involvement, financial compensation, nursing home
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2015; Views: 2093; Downloads: 118
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8.
Challenges for institutional elder care in Slovenian nursing homes
Ana Habjanič, Reetta Saarnio, Satu Elo, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Aims and objectives.Ž To investigate deficiencies in the institutional elder care that is being offered to residents of nursing homes in Slovenia. Background.Ž Public criticism of the provision of elder care in nursing homes is growing all over the world, including in Slovenia. Many studies on this issue have been conducted, but seldom have assessed different viewpoints simultaneously. Design.Ž A qualitative research design that involved individual unstructured interviews was used in 2007. The participants (n = 48)comprised 16 residents, 16 relatives and 16 members of the nursing staff from four nursing homes in Slovenia. Methods.Ž The data generated were subjected to qualitative content analysis. Results.Ž The major themes that emerged from this analysis were neglect, unprofessional communication, uncomfortable physical environment and inadequate administration. Conclusions.Ž The participants of the study identified issues in institutionalelder care in Slovenia that have also been highlighted by international research. Due to staff shortages, low motivation, insufficient communication skills and inexperience, members of the nursing staff reported that they were not in a position to offer the best possible quality of care. Relevance to clinical practice.Ž To improve the living environment in nursing homes, it is important to consider the opinions of all those who are involved closely in institutional elder care. Correction of deficiencies should be a priority and should result in more engagement with residents.
Keywords: elder care, nursing home, nursing staff, relatives, residents
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2015; Views: 1982; Downloads: 142
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