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EXAFS and IR analysis of electrochromic $NiO_x$/$NiO_xH_y$ thin films
Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, Romana Cerc Korošec, Peter Bukovec, Alojz Kodre, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Electrochromic (EC) thin films of $NiO_x$ and $NiO_xH_y$ are prepared by sol-gel method from nickel chloride precursor and deposited onto a suitable substrate by dip-coating technique. The development of the structure with thermal treatment is investigated by EXAFS and IR spectroscopy in two series of films, with high and low concentration of chloride as counter ions. In the former, the predominant structure before thermal treatment is nickel hydroxide. The baking induces condensation, yet with no trace of NiO. In the latter group, colloidal particles are indicated, on which acetate groups are adsorbed or coordinated. At the maximum EC-response the formation of NiO grains is established by EXAFS and IR.
Keywords: electrochromism, thin films, nickel oxide, nickel hydroxide, EXAFS
Published: 18.08.2017; Views: 625; Downloads: 64
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The correlation between pain perception among patients with six different orthodontic archwires and the degree of dental crowding
Evgenija Marković, Janko Ferčec, Ivana Ščepan, Branislav Glišić, Nenad Nedeljković, Jovana Juloski, Rebeka Rudolf, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction: Forces generated in orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances create tension and compression zones in the periodontal ligament resulting in a painful experience for patients. In the first phase of orthodontic treatment, when leveling of teeth is needed, nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires can be completely engaged in brackets, even in the cases of extreme crowding, exerting small forces. There is a great individual variation in the pain perception related to the application of orthodontic forces. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the pain perception among patients with dental crowding after insertion of six different NiTi orthodontic archwires as a part of fixed appliances in the first stage of orthodontic treatment. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 189 orthodontic patients receiving one of six different either superelastic or heat activated NiTi archwires, in the first phase of orthodontic treatment. Pain perception was evaluated in groups of patients with different degree of crowding. The modified McGill Pain Questionnaire with Visual Analogue Scale was used to evaluate the quality and intensity of pain. Statistical analysis was performed using simple descriptive statistics, and Pearson`s chi-square test with statistical significance of p<0.05. Results: Majority of patients reported pain as discomfort or pressure of moderate intensity caused by chewing or biting, started within 12 hours, carried on for 3-4 days, and decreased over time without self-medication. Conclusion: No correlation was found between pain perception among patients with different types of NiTi archwires and the degree of crowding.
Keywords: nickel-titanium archwires, pain, dental crowding, orthodontics
Published: 04.08.2017; Views: 609; Downloads: 265
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Microstructure of NiTi orthodontic wires observations using transmission electron microscopy
Janko Ferčec, Darja Jenko, Borut Buchmeister, Franc Rojko, Bojan Budič, Borut Kosec, Rebeka Rudolf, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: This work presents the results of the microstructure observation of six different types of NiTi orthodontic wires by using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Within these analyses the chemical compositions of each wire were observed in different places by applying the EDS detector. Namely, the chemical composition in the orthodontic wires is very important because it shows the dependence between the phase temperatures and mechanical properties. Micro- structure observations showed that orthodontic wires consist of nano-sized grains containing precipitates of Ti2Ni and/or TiC. The first precipitated Ti2Ni are rich in Ti, while the precipitated TiC is rich in C. Further investigation showed that there was a difference in average grain size in the NiTi matrix. The sizes of grains in orthodontic wires are in the range from approximately 50 to 160 nm and the sizes of precipitate are in the range from 0,3 μm to 5 μm.
Keywords: orthodontic wires, nickel-titanium orthodontic wire, NiTi wire, shape memory alloys, SMA wires, microstructure, transmission electron microscopy, TEM, average grain size
Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 637; Downloads: 78
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The characterisation of nanosized nickel-zinc ferrites synthesized within reverse micelles of CTAB/1-hexanol/water microemulsion
Vuk Uskoković, Mihael Drofenik, Irena Ban, 2004, original scientific article

Abstract: Stoichiometric nanocrystalline nickel-zinc ferrites were synthesized by a reverse micelle method following a multi-microemulsion approach. Different pH values were chosen for the alkali precipitating reaction during the synthesis of different powders. Synthesized, as-dried and subsequently calcined powders were characterized in terms of their magnetic properties. XRD analyses and specific-surface area measurements were used to determine the average particlesizes of the synthesized samples. DCS and TGA measurements were performed to reveal the phase transitions within the samples at elevated temperatures, whereas TEM was used to view and record the microstructure of the nanosized ferrite samples. A possible mechanism of the formation of the synthesized NiZn-ferrite was also discussed.
Keywords: magnetic materials, magnetic nanoparticles, microemulsion synthesis, nickel, iron, fine powders, Ni-Zn ferrites, reverse micelle method
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1411; Downloads: 23
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Response of monocyte-derived dendritic cells to rapidly solidified nickel-titanium ribbons with shape memory properties
Sergej Tomić, Rebeka Rudolf, Mihael Brunčko, Ivan Anžel, V. Savić, Miodrag Čolić, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) have attracted considerable attention as biomaterials for medical devices. However, the biocompatibility of Ni-Ti SMAs is often unsatisfactory due to their poor surface structure. Here we prepared Rapidly Solidified (RS) Ni-Ti SMA ribbons by melt-spinning and their surface was characterised by Augerelectron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy. The biocompatibility of the produced ribbons and their immunomodulatory properties were studied on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs). We showed that melt-spinning of Ni-Ti SMAs can form a thin homogenous oxide layer, which improves their corrosion resistance and subsequent toxicity to MoDCs. Ni-Ti RS ribbons stimulated the maturation of MoDCs, as detected by changes in the cells' morphology and increased expression of HLA-DR, CD86, CD40 and CD83 molecules. However, Ni-Ti RS ribbons enhanced the tolerogenic properties of immature MoDCs, which produced higher levels of IL-10 and IL-27, driving the differentiation of IL-10- and TGF-β-producing CD4+T cells. On the other hand, in the presence of lipopolysaccharide, an important pro-inflammatory biomolecule, Ni-Ti RS ribbons enhanced the allostimulatory and Th1 polarising capacity of MoDCs, whereas the production of Th2 and Th17 cytokines was down-regulated. In conclusion, Ni-Ti RS ribbons possess substantial immunomodulatory properties on MoDCs. These findings might be clinically relevant, because implanted Ni-Ti SMA devices can induce both desired and adverse effects on the immune system, depending on the microenvironmental stimuli.
Keywords: nickel-titanium alloy, biocompatibility, cytokines, immunomodulation, monocyte-derived dendritic cells
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1194; Downloads: 272
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The synthesis of iron-nickel alloy nanoparticles using a reverse micelle technique
Irena Ban, Mihael Drofenik, Darko Makovec, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Nanosized Fe0.2Ni0.8 particles were prepared by reducing their salts with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) in cationic water-in-oil (w/o) microemulsions of water/cetyl-trimethyl-amonium bromide (CTAB) and n-butanol/isooctane at 25 °C.According to the TEM and X-ray diffraction analyses, the synthesized particles were around 4-12 nm in size. Due to their nanodimensions, the particles had a primitive cubic (pc) structure rather than the body-centered cubic (BCC) structure of the bulk material. An examination of the synthesis from the reverse micelle reveals that the morphology of the iron-nickel alloy nanoparticles depends mainly on the microemulsion`s composition. The magnetization of the nanoparticles was much lower than that of the bulk material, reflecting the influence of the nanodimensions on the particlesć magnetizations.
Keywords: magnetic materials, nickel/iron alloys, nanoparticles, synthesis, microemulsions, magnetic properties, reverse micelles
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1514; Downloads: 85
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