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V OZADJU SPOLNEGA DIMORFIZMA: TRETJI SPOL KOT DRUŽBENO-KULTURNI KONSTRUKT
Arjana Savarin, 2016, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu z naslovom V ozadju spolnega dimorfizma: tretji spol kot družbeno-kulturni konstrukt je opisana totalnost spolnega fenomena, ki je obravnavan v okviru različnih kulturnih svetov oz. z vidika medkulturne variabilnosti tega fenomena. Temeljni namen diplomskega dela je preseči absolutnost in samoumevnost vedno znova prikazanega binarnega vzorca spola oz. spolnega dimorfizma, ki se v kontekstu zahodne kulturne miselnosti vedno znova poudarja. V zahodnih kulturah se kot »normalna« in »naravna« priznavata le moška in ženska spolna kategorija. V nature-nurture razpravi smo s tem namenom prikazali pomen vpliva kulturnih determinant na spolne razlike in njihovo medkulturno variabilnost. Opredelili smo dojemanje in strukturiranje spola v okviru dualistične spolne norme, kot njeno protiutež pa smo v medkulturni primerjavi raziskali različne kulturne skupine (ljudstva), ki v okviru svoje spolne konstrukcije priznavajo sistem multiplih spolnih kategorij. Proučevali smo različne in specifične spolne fenomene, ki so splošno priznane kategorije spolnega sistema, kot so: berdaches v ameriških indijanskih družbah, fa'afafine na Samoi, zaprisežene device na jugovzhodnem Balkanu, bissuje na J. Sulavesiju (Indonezija), muxe v Mehiki in hidžre v Indiji in Pakistanu. Navedeni primeri pričajo o različnem dojemanju in strukturiranju koncepta spola ter s tem povezane spolne identitete in spolnih vlog glede na različna kulturna okolja in kulturno pogojeno socializacijo. Ravno zaradi pomena primarne socializacije pri strukturiranju spola smo raziskali njen pomen pri sprejemanju in oblikovanju spolne identitete z vidika psihoanalitične teorije, teorije socialnega učenja in razvojno kognitivne teorije. V okviru socializacije smo se dotaknili tudi pojava fluidnosti in netradicionalnosti spolnih identitet, ki se vsaj navidezno dopuščajo v okviru zahodnih postmodernih družb. S tem namenom smo opisali pojav interseksualnosti, transseksualnosti, homoseksualnosti in metroseksualnosti ter nazorno prikazali, zakaj se kljub pojavnosti teh različnih spolnih identitet še vedno vztraja pri tradicionalni spolni dihotomiji in heteroseksualni spolni usmeritvi. Kategorijo spola in njeno dojemanje, konstruiranje in razlaganje smo prikazali kot medkulturno variabilni pojav. Tako kot v sklopu naše kulture obstajata dve uradno priznani spolni kategoriji lahko z isto mero verodostojnosti v drugih kulturah priznavajo še tretjo, četrto ali peto spolno kategorijo. Ljudje gledamo vsak kulturni svet skozi očala svoje kulture ter ga tako tudi razumemo in interpretiramo, kar pa še ne pomeni, da je to edina pravilna izbira oz. možnost. To je le naš vidik, obstaja pa jih vsaj toliko, kot je na svetu različnih kultur.
Keywords: spol, biološki spol, družbeni spol, seksualnost, spolne razlike (nature-nurture razprava), spolna identiteta, spolne vloge, spolni stereotipi, družbeno-kulturna konstrukcija spola, spolni dimorfizem, tretji spol, multiple spolne kategorije, medkulturna primerjava, socializacija, psihoanalitične teorije, teorije socialnega učenja, kognitivna razvojna teorija, sprememba spola, interseksualnost, transseksualnost, homoseksualnost, metroseksualnost, matriarhat, prisilna heteroseksualnost, Ojdipov kompleks.
Published: 29.08.2016; Views: 778; Downloads: 187
.pdf Full text (3,23 MB)

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Back to nature: exploring the potential for implementing the Norwegian idea of outdoor days in the Slovenian school system
Katja Gomboc, 2016, short scientific article

Abstract: Nowadays it is common to use the expressions ‘in the classroom’ and ‘out of the classroom’ (outdoors). In this article the word ‘outdoors’ will be replaced with the words ‘in the natural environment’, ‘into the natural environment’ and ‘within the natural environment’. These words accent the equal importance of nature as a learning area, a concept that is often forgotten, neglected or ignored. In this area, Norway has forged a real connection between people and nature, a way of life called “friluftsliv,” and has used experiential learning based on learning and playing in an outdoor area. In this article is presented a research study of teaching in nature, the Norwegian nature-oriented curriculum and the implementation of nature practice in the Slovenian school system.
Keywords: nature, teaching, teaching outside the classroom, free play
Published: 20.09.2017; Views: 514; Downloads: 60
.pdf Full text (152,80 KB)
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6.
The evaluation of the role of teaching aids in stimulating pupils' activation in geography
Tamara Višnić, Ljubica Ivanović Bibić, Smiljana Đukičin Vučković, Anđelija Ivkov-Džigurski, Eva Konečnik Kotnik, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the methodological procedures of application of teaching aids through the subjects: World around us, Nature and Society and Geography, as well as an adequate choice of teaching resources that encourage students to earn a permanent knowledge. The idea is to use teaching aids in active teaching and to turn it into the practical use of the material, in order to efficiently adopt the fundamental knowledge about the nature of science in the classroom teaching. The procedures are identified, which are especially important from the point of maximum achievements in teaching the use of teaching aids, and especially significant for subjects the World around us, Nature and Society and Geography. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of teaching aids in active teaching, as well as whether the student becomes mentally active participant in the educational process using teaching aids. The study involved class teachers (154) who evaluated the importance of teaching resources for permanent adoption of knowledge of students. In addition, the survey was analyzed and different types of learning resources in terms of their values in the activation of thinking in students were analyzed as well. This survey has confirmed the hypothesis about the importance of teaching aids for thoughtful activation of the students.
Keywords: active learning, classroom teaching, geography, nature and society, world around us
Published: 03.10.2017; Views: 225; Downloads: 156
.pdf Full text (282,24 KB)
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7.
Relation between plant species diversity and landscape variables in Central-European dry grassland fragments and their successional derivates
Igor Paušič, Danijel Ivajnšič, Mitja Kaligarič, Nataša Pipenbaher, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: A systematic field survey of an area of 843 ha in the traditional Central-European agricultural landscape of Goričko Nature Park in Slovenia revealed 80 fragments of dry semi-natural grasslands. Vascular plant species diversity was studied in relation to landscape variables and to threat (Slovenian red-listed species). Our results show that fragment size does not affect plant species diversity. In addition, fragment shape index is not related to Alpha diversity. Higher Alpha diversity was observed for abandoned grassland fragments. The lowest Alpha diversity was perceived on more mesic fragments, where habitat specialists are much scarcer. It was confirmed that the highest diversity of specialists are in the driest fragments, both still mowed and abandoned. With an increase in the number of distinctly different bordering habitat types, the total number of species per fragment generally does not increase, except in the case of those fragments that are already in different succession stages. Abandoned and typical dry grasslands are associated with a higher number of bordering habitats. Typical dry grassland fragments and abandoned ones, which probably derived mostly from drier (less productive) grasslands, are found on lower altitude and have a lower shape index. Habitat specialists Sedum sexangulare, Polygala vulgaris and Spiranthes spiralis have higher frequency in fragments with a lower shape index. This means that these oligotrophic specialists occur in smaller fragments. But Orchis morio has higher frequencies of occurrence on polygons with a higher shape index, which confirms the observation that this species occurs in larger and more irregular fragments, as well as close to houses and fields and along the roads.
Keywords: habitat specialists, traditional agricultural landscape, semi-natural dry grasslands, Goričko Nature Park, NE Slovenia
Published: 24.10.2017; Views: 287; Downloads: 153
.pdf Full text (1,03 MB)
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8.
Sociological survey of the current status and nature conservation in relation to the development of tourism in the cadastral of Tatranská Lomnica
Michaela Ližbetinová, 2014, review article

Abstract: The main part of the cadastral of Tatranská Lomnica belongs to the Tatra National Park. The activity of humans is limited there because nature is protected by law. This is the first time there will be building of new accommodation and sport facilities, especially after November 2004 when was severe wind damage in the Tatra region. In this thesis we focus on the opinions of respondents on the current state of the environment and its protection in the municipalities of the cadastral Tatranská Lomnica in relation to the present tourist business development.
Keywords: Slovakia, Tatra, national parks, nature protection, regional development, tourism
Published: 16.04.2018; Views: 177; Downloads: 40
.pdf Full text (202,01 KB)
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9.
Godinje settlement - adaptive reuse and revitalization
Jovana Dragović, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The Master’s thesis deals with the valorization and restoration of Godinje, the first village in Montenegro with the status of immovable cultural property. The project encompasses an analysis of the present state of the cultural heritage, research of traditional architectural elements of the crmnica house, as well as the role of man in space. An important factor in the development and preservation of architecture is the awareness of space and the factors that define it. With the aim of encouraging the proper maintenance of cultural heritage, while giving purpose to certain objects, the village planning has been resolved. By emphasizing the spatial principles and traditional techniques of construction, and thus the education thereof, the value is emphasized and further development of Godinje is made possible.
Keywords: Godinje, crmnica house, spatial principles, nature and man, culture, language of architecture, cultural heritage, valorization
Published: 30.01.2019; Views: 273; Downloads: 76
.pdf Full text (70,45 MB)

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