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Stimulating the development of rhythmic abilities in preschool children in Montessori kindergartens with music‑movement activities : a quasi-experimental study
Maruša Laure, Katarina Habe, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This article examines the effects of Montessori music-movement activities on the development of the rhythmic abilities of 59 children from Montessori preschools, aged between 3 and 6 years. Children were deployed into two experimental groups (EG 1 (n = 20) & EG 2 (n = 22)) and a control group (CG) (n = 17). Our intervention consisted of introducing 15 to 20 min of unstructured movement time, either accompanied by a piano (EG 1) or recording (EG 2), three times a week for four months, whereas the control group carried on the usual Montessori program. We used a quasi-experimental nonequivalent groups design with pretest-posttest. Three tests for measuring rhythmic abilities were used: auditory discrimination of the rhythmic patterns, imitation of spoken rhythmic phrases, and determining the synchronization of movement with the rhythm of the music. The interventions had a positive effect on the development of the rhythmic abilities of children included in the study. The most significant effect was noticed in EG 1, while no effect of non-activity was detected in the control group.
Keywords: rhythmic abilities, music and movement, Montessori, preschool
Published in DKUM: 15.02.2024; Views: 148; Downloads: 16
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Words, Music, and Propaganda : book of abstracts

Abstract: The fifth Words and Music conference, organized by the English Department of the Faculty of Arts and the Music Department of the Faculty of Education at the University of Maribor, explores the relation between words, music and propaganda, and the place of that relation in history and in modern contemporary culture. The conference includes presentations from the fields of musicology, history, anthropology, sociology, psychoanalytic theory, Marxism, feminist theory, and translation studies, and from different critical perspectives, such as literary and linguistic analysis, Gender Studies, ethnomusicology, critical musicology, stylistics, and popular music studies, applied to genres including folk and protest music, American and European jazz, popular and classical music, rock, and rap.
Keywords: literature and music, musicology, propaganda, censorship, protest
Published in DKUM: 09.09.2022; Views: 491; Downloads: 57
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An overview of selected pseudo-stereophonic techniques : B.Sc. Thesis
Michele Perrone, 2020, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Stereophony is a method of sound recording and sound reproduction that uses two separate audio channels, two for each process. In contrast, monophony uses only one audio channel. Stereophonic sound is thus affine, to some degree, to human binaural hearing because it can reproduce some of the ambience and localization cues that were present during the recording session. For this reason, stereophonic music recordings are generally preferred over their monophonic counterparts. To make the sound of monophonic recordings more natural, many pseudo-stereophonic techniques have been developed; these techniques process monophonic sound into stereophonic sound. In this thesis, we review in detail five such techniques, of which we implemented and tested two. Our results show that pseudo-stereophony, when applied appropriately, can create more natural nuances in monophonic recordings and can reduce listening fatigue.
Keywords: Pseudo-stereophony, audio processing, music
Published in DKUM: 14.12.2020; Views: 1048; Downloads: 62
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Operatic adaptation of Shakespeare`s Romeo and Juliet
Eva Zore, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: This Master’s Thesis analyses Charles Gounod’s operatic adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. The theoretical part introduces the theory of adaptation with a particular focus on operatic adaptations; it then moves on to three modes of adaptations, and discusses the correlation between adaptation and plagiarism. In the second chapter, the thesis identifies and interprets the sources for Shakespeare’s and Gounod’s works, introduces the librettists Jules Barbier and Michael Carré and discusses the background of the period of the operatic production. The main purpose of this thesis is to identify and study stylistic correlation between Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and the libretto of Roméo et Juliette. The thesis further establishes whether the librettists make certain themes from the play more or less prominent. For this purpose, three passages were selected for the contrastive microstructural analysis of the play and its operatic adaptation in the final chapter of this thesis. The intent is to establish whether librettists managed to preserve Shakespeare’s most salient stylistic elements as well as other textual characteristics that have an impact on the interpretative potential of the adaptation.
Keywords: play, opera, libretto, music, adaptation, microstructural analysis
Published in DKUM: 15.10.2018; Views: 1025; Downloads: 137
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Interplay between art and science in education
Samo Kralj, Boris Aberšek, Irena Kralj, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Music can be viewed as a structure formed by notes. Different structures in music have potential to yield enormously rich diversity of different melodies. Music is a typical example where a structure defines a property. Similar concepts could be also exploited in education, in presented case in nano-sciences, which are typical representatives of soft materials the structure of which can be strongly manipulated with local geometry and presence of appropriate nanoparticles. The objects of study, named also LC shells, will be exploited as basic unit elements for future soft colloidal crystals. A different arrangement of colloids within the crystal would result in different physical properties in a similar way as different packing of atoms results in different crystals made of real atoms. In presented research will be demonstrated, how relevant basic mechanisms in thin films of nematic liquid crystals could be explained in a classroom and used as a case study, also for explanation of many other physical properties. This research topic is still in its infancy. At this stage only various defect structures in relatively simple geometries (spherical and elliptical) will be analyzed. There is a need to find simple ways to control sensitively the valence of LC shells and in particular to develop strategies to assemble them in crystal structures of desired symmetry. This would allow tailoring specific optical dispersion relations or other physical property of interest and make new ways to teach different physical properties on the "music" based approach.
Keywords: teaching strategies, music education, nanosciences, topological defects
Published in DKUM: 15.12.2017; Views: 1449; Downloads: 92
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Educational possibilities of the project Colour visualization of music
Bojan Klemenc, Peter Ciuha, Franc Solina, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: We propose a system of colour visualization of music based on a system of colour signs, which are connected to musical tones. Tones, which are in harmonic relationships, are represented by related colours. First, we outline the foundations on which the system of colour signs is based - the mathematical model of harmony. We discuss several possibilities of visual representation of expressive elements of music - melody, composition, rhythm and harmony. These relationships enabled us to develop a computer program that employs these elements for visualization. The program mimics human perception in which the parts are determined by the perception of the whole. Furthermore, the program enables the development of tools that can enhance music understanding during listening or performing. Music performance can acquire a new quality with the use of interactive coloured musical instruments, which by using colours show the performer different possibilities for forming musical harmonies and thereby change the composing of music into a game and attractive colour-aural journey. Here we stumble upon a challenge for educational science and methodology: how to use such upcoming multimedia tools. These tools would bring the processes of learning and playing a game closer together since playing games is a child's most natural form of functioning. Furthermore, in the area of artistic creation we can once again establish a balance between our logical and intuitive nature.
Keywords: visaulization, music, colours, learning, creativity
Published in DKUM: 29.11.2017; Views: 1297; Downloads: 334
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The influence of non-formal artistic and creative activities in multicultural educational contexts
Fernando Pérez-Martin, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Our schools are becoming more and more multicultural every year. It is no longer uncommon to have in the same classroom students from over a dozen nationalities, with diverse backgrounds, beliefs and ways of seeing the world. This article is an invitation to reflect on the role that non-formal artistic and creative activities can play in multicultural educational settings. To this end, an excerpt from a Case Study carried out in one of Canada%s most multicultural schools is presented, showcasing some of the activities developed there and analysing the positive influences they have in its educational community.
Keywords: non-formal art, music education, Case Study research, creativity, multicultural education, Educational context
Published in DKUM: 16.11.2017; Views: 1198; Downloads: 344
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Music education for every child - ideal or reality?
Blaženka Bačlija Sušić, 2017, review article

Abstract: Contemporary pedagogical, psychological and sociological research highlights the need to make music education available to every child. Starting from the fundamental point of view according to which music affects the development of the child's whole personality, this idea has been around since the 17th century. Various educators in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century emphasized the importance of music education for every child. Through a historical and theoretical overview of this idea, this paper examine the potential for its realization in contemporary educational practice. The Venezuelan music education program El Sistema, which promotes the humanistic idea of changing society through classical music education, stands out as a unique example of good practice. As a form of music education which particularly promotes the idea of music being available to every child, the conception of Functional Music Pedagogy by the Croatian music pedagogue Elly Bašić (1908-1998) is also discussed. Considering the status of music in American educational policy, it indicates a significant change, in which music has been recognized as an educational priority for the first time in the history of education and has become a basic academic subject in the American federal education policy plan, as well as unprecedentedly incorporated in Federal law.
Keywords: American educational policy, children, functional music pedagogy, music education
Published in DKUM: 21.09.2017; Views: 1255; Downloads: 123
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Ivan Grohar and Oskar Dev : an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary fragment comparison of their artistic works in Škofja Loka/Slovenia (1905-1911)
Franc Križnar, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The new Grohar’s room in the Škofja Loka Museum that is located in a more than a thousand years old town, some kilometres northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, represents one of the new possibilities to popularize old local history. Ivan Grohar (1867−1911) is one of the four well-known Slovenian painters from the beginning of the 20th century, together with Rihard Jakopič, Matija Jama and Matej Sternen. These Slovenian painters are the founders of Impressionism within the modern style. Škofja Loka became the so called Slovenian “Barbizon” (i.e. French village near Fontainebleau, once the settlement of painters) and this art and old tradition inspired another Slovenian (music) artist Oskar Dev (1868−1932), who composed some of his musical works (songs and choirs) in Škofja Loka, too. His and Grohar’s period in Škofja Loka resulted in some extraordinary art works i.e. paintings and musical works. They both were inspired by the countryside that reflected on their works. This is now one of the new Slovenian’s challenges of museology and musicology in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach so the art of painting and music could be a benefit for the visitors of this and other museums.
Keywords: old local history, painter, composer, Impressionism, modern style, “Barbizon”, music pieces: songs and choirs, museology, musicology, Slovenian classical music, 20th century, Škofja Loka, 1905/1911
Published in DKUM: 08.08.2017; Views: 1890; Downloads: 85
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Words and music
Nada Šabec, 2016, preface, editorial, afterword

Abstract: The introduction to the special issue of ELOPE (Vol. 13, No. 1, 2016).
Keywords: music, language, literature, language teaching, translation studies
Published in DKUM: 16.05.2017; Views: 1432; Downloads: 152
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