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Aryl acrylate porous functional polymer supports from water-in-oil-in-water multiple emulsions
Dejan Štefanec, Peter Krajnc, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Porous functional polymer supports are a class of material of wide interest due to the possibility of immobilising reactive species. A simplified procedure was applied for the preparation of porous polymer supports using a water-in-oil-in-water multiple emulsion. The primary emulsion was a high internal phase emulsion, having a volume fraction of water phase up to 95%. Two reactive acrylates, namely 4-nitrophenyl acrylate and 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl acrylate, were (separately) incorporated in the oil phase in order to obtain porous reactive polymer supports. Both acrylates were crosslinked with either divinylbenzene or ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, and beads of size ca 60 m were obtained after the polymerisation of droplets suspended into the secondary aqueous phase. In the case of 4-nitrophenyl acrylate and divinylbenzene as a crosslinker, particles with a star shape, the core being ca 60 m in diameter and the arms ca 180 m in length, were obtained. The polymers were functionalised with morpholine, tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, piperidine or piperazine yielding supports with loadings of reactive groups of between 2.6 and 6.6 mmol g-1. The results show that multiple emulsions can be precursors for porous polymer preparation.
Keywords: multiple emulzije, polimerni nosilci, HIPE, organska sinteza na trdni fazi, polimerni lovilci, emulzija z visokim deležem notranje faze, aril akrilati, multiple emulsions, polymer supports, HIPE, solid phase organic synthesis, polymer supported scavengers, high internal phase emulsions, arylacrylates
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1680; Downloads: 87
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4-vinylbenzyl chloride based porous spherical polymer supports derived from water-in-oil-in-water emulsion
Dejan Štefanec, Peter Krajnc, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: 4-Vinylbenzyl chloride (VBC) based water-in-oil-in-water emulsions with 85% pore volume and 70% VBC in organic phase were prepared and polymerised by free radical polymerisation. Porous spherical particles of diameters between 50 and 150 m were obtained and their morphological structure and reactivity studied by FTIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. Strong influence of the suspension stabiliser, namely poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), on the particle form was found. Diameters of spherical polymers particles depend on the PVP concentration, being larger with the lower concentration of PVP. Reactivity of novel supports was demonstrated by the reactions with piperidine, piperazine, tris(hydroxymethyl)methylamine and tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, all yielding corresponding amine derivatives.
Keywords: multiple emulsions, polymer supports, 4-vinylbenzyl chloride, solid phase synthesis, solid phase synthesis, high internal phase emulsions
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1264; Downloads: 11
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