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Research trends in motivation and weight loss : a bibliometric-based review
Uroš Železnik, Peter Kokol, Jasmina Starc, Danica Železnik, Jernej Završnik, Helena Blažun Vošner, 2023, review article

Abstract: Obesity is a complex disease that, like COVID-19, has reached pandemic proportions. Consequently, it has become a rapidly growing scientific field, represented by an extensive body of research publications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to present the research trends in the scientific literature on motivation and weight loss. Because traditional knowledge synthesis approaches are not appropriate for analyzing large corpora of research evidence, we utilized a novel knowledge synthesis approach called synthetic knowledge synthesis (SKS) to generate new holistic insights into obesity research focusing on motivation. SKS is a triangulation of bibliometric analysis, bibliometric mapping, and content analysis. Using it, we analyzed the corpus of publications retrieved from the Scopus database, using the search string TITLE-ABS-KEY((obesity or overweight) and “weight loss” and motiv*) in titles, keywords, and abstracts, without any additional inclusion or exclusion criteria. The search resulted in a corpus of 2301 publications. The United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Australia were the most productive countries. Four themes emerged, namely, weight loss and weight-loss maintenance through motivational interventions, lifestyle changes supported by smart ICT, maintaining sustainable weight with a healthier lifestyle, and weight management on the level of primary healthcare and bariatric surgery. Further, we established that the volume of research literature is growing, as is the scope of the research. However, we observed a regional concentration of research and its funding in developed countries and almost nonexistent research cooperation between developed and less-developed countries.
Keywords: obesity, weight loss, motivation, synthetic knowledge synthesis, bibliometrics, content analysis
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2024; Views: 62; Downloads: 4
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Examining motivations to walk the Camino de Santiago : a typology of pilgrims
Snežana Brumec, Miran Lavrič, Andrej Naterer, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to develop a comprehensive understanding of people's motivations for going on the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage using qualitative and quantitative methods. The methodology comprised qualitative research based on content analysis of 32 travelogue testimonies and quantitative research based on an online survey of prospective pilgrims (N=228). Three dimensions of motivation were identified using the following factor analyses: secular, spiritual, and religious. Then, a two-step cluster analysis was conducted to classify pilgrims into seven different types. The results revealed that pilgrims are not homogeneous in their motivations and that, except for two types with a total frequency of 4%, secular motivation is more or less present in all other types of prospective pilgrims. There are no "purely religious" pilgrims. Religious motivation always appears together with secular, spiritual, or, most often, both these forms of motivation. The findings suggest that secular motivation may be related to a need for exploration, the core motive underlying self-actualization.
Keywords: pilgrims, typology, motivation, content analysis, Camino de Santiago
Published in DKUM: 06.02.2024; Views: 246; Downloads: 20
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How do job-related constructs determine employee turnover? : Serbian hotels example
Marija Cimbaljević, Milena Nedeljković Knežević, Dunja Demirović Bajrami, Milosav Dunjić, Hamid El Bilali, Milica Rančić Demir, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: In the hospitality industry, employee turnover is extremely high. It is often caused by minimal growth opportunities, intensive work, lack of flexibility, limited opportunities for promotion, lack of recognition, etc. Investment in human resources, strategies that maintain an adequate workforce and improve employee engagement is quite justified cost with multiple returns. The specific issue is that hospitality leaders often do not know the relationships between employee satisfaction, employee motivation and employee engagement, which may be the basis for understanding their intention to leave the job. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the three job-related constructs: motivation, job satisfaction, and work engagement, as well as to examine their impact on employee turnover. The results confirmed a positive relationship between job satisfaction and motivation, satisfaction and work engagement, as well as the relationship between motivation and engagement. On the other side, the results showed that job satisfaction, dedication, and vigor negatively predict employee turnover. The findings may provide hotel managers with a foundation to understand this issue and assume where to direct their research and how to improve job conditions.
Keywords: job satisfaction, motivation, work engagement, employee turnover, hotel employees, Serbia
Published in DKUM: 26.01.2024; Views: 249; Downloads: 4
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Motivations for hosting on Airbnb : the case of Slovenia
Katja Kokot, Maja Turnšek, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The ‘platform economy’ has evolved over the years into a global phenomenon. The focus of this paper is the motivations of Slovene hosts to use the Airbnb platform. While Airbnb was originally optimistically discussed as an element of ‘the sharing economy’, it has become known as one of the key players of the ‘platform economy’, belonging to the area of the so-called capital platforms, which allow participation-based primarily based on ownership of capital. Our research amongst a sample of 103 officially registered accommodation providers in Slovenia has shown that Airbnb is the second-most used platform, on average bringing a third of income for the surveyed participants, while Booking.com brings about half of their income. Furthermore, the results show that monetary motives prevail among Slovene hosts. However, social and moral motives are also strongly expressed. These findings indicate that the perceived primary purpose of Airbnb is generating additional earnings due to a surplus of real estate capital. A higher share of income from hosting in comparison to other types of income is correlated with the expressed importance of monetary motives. In contrast, the prevalence of social motives is influenced by fear of loneliness, cultural openness, and hosts’ global prosociality.
Keywords: Airbnb, motivation for accommodation provision, sharing economy, platform economy, hospitality, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 17.01.2024; Views: 286; Downloads: 7
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Home gardening and food security concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic
Maja Turnšek, S. L. Gangenes Skar, Marit Piirman, Ragnheidur Thorarinsdottir, Martina Bavec, Ranka Junge-Berberovic, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: At times of crisis, home gardening has often been sought out as a potential solution for threats to food security and as a measure to increase socio-psychological effects, such as public sense of self-efficacy, trust in the government and care for one’s wellbeing. The objective of this study was to investigate if home gardening increased during the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring/summer of 2020 and to provide socio-psychological insights into the explanatory factors of such an increase. An explanatory theoretical model of home gardening was proposed and tested to analyse whether home gardening is correlated to food security concerns, and if so, to what extent. A nonrepresentative survey was conducted in five European countries (Slovenia, Norway, Estonia, Switzerland, and Iceland) using snowball sampling via social media networks, reaching 1144 participants. The results showed the pandemic did prove to be an important psychological push towards home gardening prompted by food security concerns. Measured as loose as introducing at least one new gardening activity during COVID-19, this study found an approximately 10% increase in home gardening during the first wave of COVID-19 in the sample population, which was skewed towards educated, female, middle-class Europeans.
Keywords: food security, home gardening, COVID-19, food security concerns, wellbeing, behavioural change, protection motivation theory
Published in DKUM: 16.01.2024; Views: 217; Downloads: 7
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Differences in chemistry teachers' acceptance of educational software according to their user type : an application of extended UTAUT model
Kateřina Chroustová, Andrej Šorgo, Martin Bilék, Martin Rusek, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: In this research, a model to determine chemistry teachers' acceptance of educational software in secondary education is proposed. The model extends the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model. Data were collected from 556 Czech chemistry teachers and analysed using structural equation modelling. With respect to the significant differences among technology users and various types of nonusers, the research model for each user group was tested too. The results showed significant differences in the individual models for each group of technology user. In the model for "current users" of educational software, the influence of facilitating conditions on current users' use of educational software behavioural intention is stressed. In addition, non-planning users' behavioural intention seems to be influenced by their personal innovativeness in IT, social influence, and performance expectancy. Behavioural intention and attitude towards using educational software affect each of the tested models, with attitudes being an even stronger predictor of educational software usage than behavioural intention. The models contribute to the understanding of teachers' acceptance of educational software, which can be utilized in both pre- and in-service teacher training, considering technology mastery a necessary teacher competence.
Keywords: chemistry teachers' motivation, educational software use, secondary education, technology acceptance
Published in DKUM: 01.09.2023; Views: 406; Downloads: 41
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Motivation for Learning English in Adulthood
Jerneja Osredkar, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Technological development, information technology development, new ways of communicating and globalisation have influenced the society and knowledge greatly. One's knowledge needs to be upgraded and improved constantly since it enables the quality of work, personal development, as well as a better quality of life in society. Due to historical spread of the language and the economic power of the United States of America, English has gained the position of a global language and is used as a lingua franca in the world. Therefore, many invidiuals decide to learn English in adulthood. Their decision to enrol in language courses and final success depend on many factors, motivation certainly being one of the key factors. The main aim of the master’s thesis is to find out what motivates adults to take part in language courses as well as what the potential barriers are. The analysis of the survey has not shown any major differences in motivation between older and younger adults; however, factor analysis shows that knowledge is the most important value upon which people decide to enrol in the English language classes. When analysing barriers, situational barriers have proven as the most pressing issue once again.
Keywords: lifelong learning, the English language, motivation, barriers to learning
Published in DKUM: 20.12.2019; Views: 1209; Downloads: 150
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The impact of nurses` emotional intelligence on effective nursing leadership: a narrative literature review
Patricija Lunežnik, 2019, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Introduction: The interest of this diploma work was to find out, how emotional intelligence of nurses influences effective nursing leadership in order to improve patient care and working conditions for nurses. Methodology: A descriptive working method with a systematic approach of searching the literature was used. International databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, Web of Science, ASSIA and PsycINFO were searched, covering the period from January 2009 to April 2019. Prisma was used for reporting evidence in a narrative review. Articles were screened by title, abstract and full text. Results: 406 records were identified through the database search, 18 records were identified manually. After removing the duplicates, 350 records were identified and screened by title. 89 records were screened by abstract and 36 records by full text. Suitable articles (n = 15) were analysed according to the aim, methodology, sample and results. They were also evaluated regarding hierarchy of evidence and the narrative review was made. Discussion: We discovered that there is an important link between effective leadership and emotional intelligence. Good emotional intelligence reduces stress, promotes effective communication and improves performance. Developing high emotional intelligence may be the most important part of effective leadership, which is essential in nursing and critical for optimizing costs, access and quality of health care.
Keywords: job performance, job satisfaction, motivation, burnout, interpersonal relationships
Published in DKUM: 18.11.2019; Views: 1748; Downloads: 235
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Motivacija za učenje drugega tujega jezika v srednje poklicnih in strokovnih programih - študija primera
Tina Rajhman, 2017, master's thesis

Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Motivation für das Lernen der zweiten Fremdsprache in der beruflichen und fachlichen Sekundarstufe II und besteht aus einem theoretischen und einem empirischen Teil. Der theoretische Teil befasst sich mit gesetzlichen Grundlagen und praktischen Hintergründen für die Existenz der zweiten Fremdsprache in den untersuchten Programmen und mit der Motivation sowohl im allgemeinen Sinne wie auch im Lernkontext von Jugendlichen. Das ist der Ausgangspunkt für eine Fallstudie, die zeigt, welche Einstellung die Schüler zum Lernen von Deutsch als zweiter Fremdsprache haben. Die Umfrage wurde am Ende des Schuljahres 2016/2017 durchgeführt und umfasst 379 Schüler aus zwei Fachrichtungen. Die Resultate zeigen, dass die Fremdsprachen-Vorkenntnisse und Noten die Lernmotivation der Schüler nicht beeinflussen. Sie werden jedoch durch ihr berufliches Interesse und die Anerkennung des Lehrers motiviert.
Keywords: berufliche und fachliche Sekundarstufe II, zweite Fremdsprache, extrinsische Motivation, intrinsische Motivation, Motivation aus beruflichem Interesse, Vorkenntnisse, mündliche Anerkennung
Published in DKUM: 28.08.2019; Views: 1009; Downloads: 79
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Einfluss der Motivation auf das Lernen der deutschen Sprache und das Wissensniveau bei Erwachsenen DaF-Lernern
Jožica Škofič, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: In der heutigen Zeit entscheiden sich immer mehr Menschen, verschiedenen Alters, verschiedener Bildungsniveaus und aus verschiedenen Gründen für das Fremdsprachenlernen in Form von Erwachsenenkursen. Noch vor ein paar Jahren überwog in Slowenien, im Bereich Prekmurje, die Kursteilnehmerzahl bei den Englischkursen, jetzt hat sich jedoch die Lage vollkommen verändert, die deutsche Sprache wurde wichtiger für die Menschen, die in Nordosten Sloweniens leben. Infolgedessen fingen die Kursanbieter mehr Möglichkeiten für das Lernen der deutschen Sprache anzubieten. Eine der Institutionen, die die Möglichkeit für das Lernen der deutschen Sprache bietet, ist das Gymnasium Franca Miklošiča in Ljutomer, mit dem 60-stündigem Programm des Deutschkurses. Der Kurs ist für Erwachsene gedacht, die aus verschiedenen Gründen die deutsche Sprache lernen wollen. Der Kurs bietet das Deutschlernen in drei Stufen an, in denen die Kursteilnehmer eine Bescheinigung über die Kenntnisse der deutschen Sprache auf den Niveaustufen A1/1, A1/2 oder A2 erhalten. Die Niveaus der Sprachausbildung stehen im Einklang mit der empfohlenen Skala des Gemeinsamen europäischen Referenzrahmens für Sprachen (Europarat 2011), das offizielle Kriterium der Fremdsprachenkenntnisse in der Europäischen Union. Es werden alle Kompetenzen bewertet: das Schreiben, Sprechen, das Hör- und Leseverstehen. Das europäische Kriterium für A1, genannt auch »Breakthrough« (ebd.) sieht 180 Stunden des Sprachenlernens vor, das erworbene Zertifikat ist Start Deutsch 1 (Goethe-Zertifikat A1: Start Deutsch 1, o. J.). Da der Kurs im Gymnasium Franca Miklošiča Ljutomer 60 Stunden dauert, erhalten die Kursteilnehmer am Ende des bestandenen Kurses das Zertifikat der Stufe A1/1, das bedeutet, dass sie die Hälfte der voraussichtlichen Kenntnisse der Stufe A1 erworben haben. Nach dem beendeten Kurs der dritten Stufe befinden sich die Kursteilnehmer auf dem Niveau A2, auch genannt »Waystage« (Gemeinsame Referenzniveaus, o. J.) und bekommen damit das Zertifikat Start Deutsch 2 (Goethe-Zertifikat A2: Start Deutsch 2, o. J.). In den Sprachschulen gibt es im Gegensatz zu den Mittel- und Grundschulen kein etabliertes Curriculum, deswegen muss der Kursleiter das Programm für den jeweiligen Kurs alleine zusammenstellen, die Literatur auswählen, die Themen, die bei dem Kurs bearbeitet werden, das Material vorbereiten und den Kurs koordinieren. Um den Kursteilnehmer das Folgen und das Lernen zu erleichtern, erhalten die Kursteilnehmer in unserem Fall Kursunterlagen Alltag, Beruf & Co. (vgl. Alltag, Beruf & Co., o. J.), das ein Lehrbuch enthält, eine Kombination der Theorie und Übungen mit einer CD für das Hörverstehen. Es ist vorausgesehen, dass die Kursteilnehmer zweimal in der Woche je 3 Stunden mit der Lehrerin arbeiten und dann die gleiche Stundenzahl Zuhause. Für die Arbeit Zuhause erhalten sie Hausaufgaben. Den Erfolg beim Erlernen einer Fremdsprache beeinflussen sowohl die Arbeit beim Kurs als auch die Arbeit Zuhause. Zudem gibt es aber auch noch andere Faktoren, die wir in die inneren und die äußeren Faktoren aufteilen. Die äußeren Einflüsse sind in unserem Fall z. B. die Möglichkeit für eine Arbeit, die Gesellschaft, der Druck des Arbeitsamtes u. Ä., die inneren Faktoren jedoch die eigene Motivation bzw. Wunsch nach dem Wissen oder Ausbesserung der deutschen Sprache, der Wunsch nach neuen Erfahrungen, Kenntnissen u. Ä. Einen großen Einfluss auf den Erfolg hat auch die Herangehensweise des Lehrers, seine Motivation und seine Einstellung zur Sprache. In der Masterarbeit wird ermittelt, welche Motive die Entscheidung der Teilnehmenden für den Besuch des Kurses prägten, deren Einstellung zur deutschen Sprache und die Beeinflussung der Einstellung, deren Fortschritt und den Einfluss verschiedener Fakturen auf das Wissensniveau nach dem beendeten 60-stündigen Kurs am Gymnasium Franca Miklošiča Ljutomer.
Keywords: SCHLÜSSELWÖRTER: Erwachsenenbildung, Fremdsprachenlernen im Erwachsenenalter, Wissensniveau, Motivation, Motive
Published in DKUM: 13.06.2019; Views: 1554; Downloads: 95
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