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1.
The role and function of a sports event organiser
Timotej Praznik, Maja Modic, Simon Slokan, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the organisation of a sports event - more precisely, a football match, specifically from the point of view of safety. We compared the Slovenian practice of event organising with how sports events are organised in Serbia and Austria. Design/Methods/Approach: First we conducted a literature and normative bases review. The research was conducted through interviews with spokespersons from the football clubs - NK Celje, FK Partizan and SK Sturm Graz. We conducted a telephone interview with the security manager of the European Football Association and also included our own observations from attending the Serbian championship match. Findings: Our research shows that despite the existence of subnational legislation, there are differences in understanding of ensuring safety at sporting events in the analysed countries. As the most common factors that can affect safety and security at a sports event we identified the following: personnel, supporter groups, pyrotechnics and infrastructure. Research Limitations/Implications: Our research is limited to three countries and to three football clubs that were willing to take part in our research. Originality/Value: Research findings are based on the perspective and experience of football club security managers, presenting main risk factors and corresponding measures for ensuring safety and security at football matches.
Keywords: safety, sport event, security measures, security risks
Published: 04.01.2021; Views: 157; Downloads: 9
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2.
Interim measures in arbitration proceedings
Tatjana Zoroska-Kamilovska, Tatjana Shterjova, Univerza v Mariboru, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Interim measures in arbitration proceedings are intended to provide protection of the parties’ rights in the course of the proceedings before the final award is rendered. This issue for a long time has been regarded to be rooted in public policy concerns, but gradually this power is being transferred to the arbitral tribunal itself. In the Republic of Macedonia, the issue of interim measures in international commercial arbitration is regulated in the Law on International Commercial Arbitration. The provisions of the law expressly provide for the power of the arbitral tribunal to grant interim measures, however many questions in regard of arbitral interim relief are left unsettled. The authors give an analysis of the currents state over this issue in the Republic of Macedonia, and make an attempt to provide a solid answer to the question – will the amended provisions of the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration be a good basis to overcome the perceived problems, or an approach similar to the Slovenian should be rather accepted.
Keywords: arbitration proceedings, concurrent jurisdiction, enforcement, interim relief, interim measures, preliminary orders, UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration
Published: 01.08.2018; Views: 369; Downloads: 22
.pdf Full text (402,04 KB)

3.
Scope of application of EU law in the judicial procedures of debt collection in civil and commercial matters
Mikael Berglund, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate, that the interest of a more efficient, and proportionate access to civil justice in EU law requires some changes. Motivated changes are the abolishment of exequatur proceedings, the private creditor shall, as a service measure to him, be able to file an application for enforcement directly to the Member State of origin of the title of execution, instead of to the Member State of actual enforcement, decisions, on interim measures in ex parte proceedings shall be recognized, and access to information for enforcement purposes shall, after a title of execution, be improved in both the cross-border and national contexts.
Keywords: recognition, enforceability, mutuality, grounds for refusal, interim measures, damages, access to information for enforcement purposes
Published: 23.07.2018; Views: 306; Downloads: 23
.pdf Full text (130,18 KB)

4.
New trends in rock mass characterisation for designing geotechnical structures
Drago Ocepek, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The investigation on designing supporting measures for geotechnical structures consists of the proper selection of the input data for the stress – strain analysis of the excavation process and the selection of retaining measures. In the preliminary phase of investigation the area must be geologically mapped in detail, and discontinuities precisely measured, boreholes and their “in situ” tests listed and samples for laboratory examinations taken. The new method allows rock mass classification for different rock quality, from soft rocks to mixed rock masses, as well as determination of the geological strength index GSI. The limits for using the suggested method are persistent discontinuities in rock mass which lead to translation or rotation failure mechanisms, either in a single plane or as a wedge. In all cases where discontinuities play a significant role, the rock mass structure must be considered and kinematical analyses performed. In other circumstances, a rock may be uniform and reasonably isotropic due to the geometry of discontinuities and their mutual intersections. The value range of GSI is first determined in the beginning of investigation and later in the excavation phase by considering the disturbance factor D, which expresses disturbances caused by excavation methods and rock mass relaxation. The strength and deformability parameters of rocks of different quality are determined by the generalized Hoek-Brown failure criterion and applied to shallow and deep tunnels or slopes. Before the start of excavations work and after establishing the retaining measures, the analysis results are checked by monitoring. New methods include the determination of post peak strength parameters of rock mass after relaxation, and routine measurements. The newest measurement system however allows direct readings of displacements of the rock mass in both the elastic and post-peak states. With back analyses we determine the softening behavior of the rock mass and a possible need for increasing retaining measures. Such a design method enables the optimization of retaining measures and the reduction of investment costs.
Keywords: geological strength index – GSI, simulation of a triaxial large scale »in situ« test, numerical modeling, retaining measures, rock reinforcement, monitoring, back analyses, strain softening, rock mass relaxation
Published: 16.05.2018; Views: 536; Downloads: 30
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5.
Exploring approaches how to measure a lean process
Christer Österman, Anders Fundin, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose:The purpose of the research is to explore a practical method of measuring the implementation of lean in a process. The method will be based on examining the abilities of a group. At this scale the ability to work standardized and solve problems is important. These two abilities are dependent of each other and are fundamental for the group's ability to create a stable result. In this context the method of standardized work (SW) is define to be the methods used in a process to generate stable results. Problem solving (PS) is defined as the methods used to return a process to a condition where SW is possible. Methodology /approach: The research is conducted in a multiple case study in four large global manufacturing companies. The order of the data collection is: Firstly, interviews with the individuals that are centrally responsible for overall implementation of lean in the organization. Secondly, observe the implementation of SW and PS at the group level. In total 7 groups have been studied and 19 respondents interviewed. Findings: Results show that the central definition of the methods for standardized work does not by itself have a direct impact on success of implementation of SW at group level. The method of SW where similar on a general level in the different cases, but with varying levels of implementation at group level was applied. Results also show that key factors for a successful implementation of standardized work on group level are: Ownership of the process, Direct connection to result of process, Correct workload and Leader demand. Methods of PS at group level where dissimilar despite a superficially similar approach. The evaluation method used was successful in providing comparable results between the cases. Research limitations: A limitation of this research is within the scale of the measurement, as it only examines the group level. The research is further limited to four companies and seven groups. Originality/value of paper: This paper aims to fill a gap in the established measurement methods of lean, as it examines the abilities of SW and PS at the group level of a process. These abilities are often referred to as essential in lean theory. However, there has been little scholarly work in defining the methods of SW and PS or the key factors affecting the methods at an operational level.
Keywords: lean, performance measures, problem solving, standardized work, stability
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 496; Downloads: 262
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6.
Corruption in public administration units and organizational measures to prevent and fight corruption
Andrejka Mevc, Milan Pagon, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study that investigated the attitudes of civil servants in public administration units in Slovenia regarding corruption at work. The results show that civil servants employed in public administration units take corruption seriously. The employees' perceptions of corruption and their willingness to report the offender are closely connected to their opinion on how others - their colleagues - perceive it (i.e., how serious they find corruption and whether they are willing to report the offender). There are important gender differences regarding the perceptions of corruption, as well as differences in the function they have and their membership in organizational units. The authors conclude that it is necessary to develop and strengthen the feelings of the employees' security and increase the link between perceiving corruption and one's own judgment of the seriousness of corruptive behaviour, as well as to decrease the tolerance regarding corruption.
Keywords: administrative corruption, corruptive behaviour, code of silence, anticorruptive measures, offender, management, civil servant, public administration unit
Published: 29.11.2017; Views: 483; Downloads: 263
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7.
Homecare service providers as an organizational form of support for the elderly
Polona Šprajc, Iztok Podbregar, Alenka Brezavšček, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: Different studies have highlighted health care allocation problems in Slovenia that indicate the increased need for homecare services for the elderly. It was also found that Slovenian municipalities differ dramatically in the availability of elder care services. A number of older people with diverse unmet needs for care remains. Therefore, the need for the establishment of an additional type of formal homecare services for the elderly exists. Design/Methodology/Approach: Although many positive effects of home elder care against institutional care are stressed in the literature, the results of many studies performed in recent years have indicated that accessibility of homecare for elderly in Slovenia remains scarce, and it is not equally accessible throughout the country. To mitigate this problem, a new organizational form called “elder homecare service provider” is indicated. The aim of the provider is to offer a variety of different services for the elderly (e.g. homemaking, social networking, transfer services, basic life needs, basic health services, etc.). The establishment of such an organization needs to be designed carefuly, while the unique characteristics and specific needs of the target population must be addressed to optimize desired outcomes. Results: The aim of the paper is to provide fundamental guidelines for the establishment of elder homecare service provider. All essential characteristics of such an organization are defined. To ensure an appropriate level of service quality, the primary focus is oriented towards the planning of personnel team capacity. For this purpose, the service provider was described using the stochastic queueing model, which enables service capacity optimization considering different performance measures. The usefulness of the model was illustrated with a numerical example, which has shown that the results obtained provide valuable information for decision support. Conclusion: The establishment of a homecare service provider network would have many positive effects on society in general. The quality of the everyday life of the elderly is expected to be improved considerably, particularly in the rural areas where a lack of institutional care support is reported. Guidelines proposed in the paper together with the quantitave model for planning of its optimal capacity provide useful information, which are especially relevant in the preliminary phase of the establishment of service providers.
Keywords: elderly, service provider, performance measures, capacity planning
Published: 01.09.2017; Views: 624; Downloads: 112
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8.
System dynamic model of measures for reducing the number of road accidents due to wrong-way movement on motorways
Darja Topolšek, Martin Lipičnik, 2009, short scientific article

Abstract: This paper provides a system dynamic model for reducing the number of motorway accidents due to wrong-way driving. Motorway accidents are often fatal due to high speeds. It is therefore necessary to carry out all the possible countermeasures in order to achieve adequate traffic management. One of the reasons for motorway accidents is driving in the wrong direction. Based on the analysis of the data on motorway accidents caused by driving in the wrong direction and based on the knowledge of individual project elements of junctions and slip roads, this paper will focus on this area. The possible countermeasures, presented here for preventing drivers from driving in the wrong direction on motorways drastically reduce the number of U-turn maneuvers that result in driving in the wrong direction and influence the level of safety on motorways. With the help of this model of system dynamics the countermeasures for reducing the number of such drivers will be confirmed and their effects will be shown.
Keywords: traffic safety, motorway, direction, road accidents, measures, system dynamics
Published: 06.06.2017; Views: 529; Downloads: 278
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9.
On the validity of cross-cultural social studies using student samples
Sergej Flere, Miran Lavrič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Student samples have become a widely used resource in the study of not only particular phenomena and problems within individual environments but also of their study within a cross-cultural context. A number of such studies, most often generalizing their results to the level of cultures, are illustrated in this article. In addition, the authors carry out a number of empirical tests of the generalizability of results attained on student samples in cross-cultural research. Based on the World Values Survey data, mean values of four sociologically and psychologically relevant measures are compared between national and student samples of twenty-three countries. Results suggest that the findings attained on student samples can be viewed cautiouslyas a good indicator of national sample rankings in cross-national comparisons.
Keywords: cross-cultural studies, students, values, validity, measures
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 958; Downloads: 102
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