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1.
Artificial intelligence and agility-based model for successful project implementation and company competitiveness
Polona Tominc, Dijana Oreški, Maja Rožman, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to present a model of factors affecting the successful project implementation by introducing agility and artificial intelligence to increase the company’s competitiveness. In the model, the multidimensional constructs describing the implementation of an agile work environment and artificial intelligence technologies and tools were developed. These multidimensional constructs are agile work environment, agile leadership, agile team skills and capabilities, improving the work of the leader in the project, adopting AI technologies in the project, and using AI solutions in a project. Their impact on successful project implementation and on the company competitiveness was tested. The fundamental reason for conducting this research and developing the model is to enhance the understanding of factors that contribute to the successful implementation of projects and to increase a company’s competitiveness. Our developed model encompasses multidimensional constructs that describe the agile work environment and the utilization of AI technologies. By examining the impact of these constructs on both successful project implementation and company competitiveness, we aimed to establish a comprehensive framework that captures the relationship between agility, AI, and successful project implementation. This model serves as a valuable tool for companies seeking to improve their project implementation processes and gain a competitive edge in the market. The research was based on a sample of 473 managers/owners in medium-sized and large companies. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses. In today’s turbulent environment, the results will help develop guidelines for a successful combination of agile business practices and artificial intelligence to achieve successful project implementation, increasing a company’s competitiveness.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, agile work environment, company competitiveness, project management
Published in DKUM: 26.03.2024; Views: 222; Downloads: 168
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2.
MANAGEMENT IN THE TIME OF COVID-19 CRISIS
Tamara Trajković, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, swiftly evolved into a global crisis affecting numerous countries worldwide. This study examines the management response of companies to the unprecedented challenges posed by the pandemic. The aim is to assess the effectiveness and adequacy of management strategies and explore changes in the implementation of management activities within the basic functions of management in changing circumstances. The research begins with a comprehensive review of available literature to establish a theoretical foundation. Key concepts related to management, its roles, crisis situations, and risk management are examined. Eminent scientists' perspectives on crisis management, particularly in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, are analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the topic. The research conducted involved a comprehensive analysis of responses provided by a diverse group of respondents, consisting of professionals from various industries. The key findings shed light on the changes in management, leadership, and business approaches adopted by companies during the pandemic.
Keywords: management, leadership, management work, crisis, COVID-19, digitalization, digital transformation.
Published in DKUM: 21.08.2023; Views: 288; Downloads: 33
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3.
Perceived gender equality in managerial positions in organizations
Polona Tominc, Urban Šebjan, Karin Širec, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: This research aims to achieve two main objectives: to investigate differences between male and female managers regarding the perceived gender equality in organizations and to analyze the gender differences in relationships among the perceived gender equality, the perceived satisfaction with employment position and career, the perceived satisfaction with work, and the perceived work-family conflict. Design/Methodology/Approach: The sample of research includes 82 managers in Slovenian organizations. In first stage, we analyzed with t-test differences between male and female regarding perceived gender equality in decision-making positions. In the next step we developed the conceptual models and used structural equational modeling (SEM), and analyzed differences between constructs in two conceptual models. Results: The research results show that female managers perceive gender equality in organizations in general to be significantly lower than males; furthermore, perceived gender equality is positively related to the perceived satisfaction with employment position and career as well as to the perceived satisfaction with work, but both relationships are significantly stronger for female managers. On the other hand female managers seems to cope more efficiently with the perceived work-family conflict since it has significantly different impact on female managers’ perceived satisfaction with work, as compared to the male managers. Conclusion: To achieve more gender equality within organizations and a reduction of the gender gap, the legislative initiatives cannot be successful without appropriate corporate strategy sets, which presents the framework for doing business and determines the internal working culture. The findings offer several policy, as well as business practice-oriented implications.
Keywords: gender balance, decision-making position, employment satisfaction, work satisfaction, organization, management, managerial positions, gender equality
Published in DKUM: 06.07.2017; Views: 1448; Downloads: 450
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4.
Human resource management in international organizations
Sonja Treven, 2001, review article

Abstract: In the paper, the author first presents various approaches to the management and recruitment of employees in subsidiaries that the company has established in different countries. Then, she turns her attention to the basic functions of international human resource management, among them recruitment and selection of new employees, development and training of employees, assessment of work efficiency, as well as remuneration of employees. As the expatriates are often given special attention by their work organizations, she concludes the paper with the description of the additional challanges occuring in the management of these employees.
Keywords: management, use of human resources, employment, international company, work performance, human potential, international organizations, company
Published in DKUM: 04.07.2017; Views: 1616; Downloads: 140
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5.
The impact of regulation 561/2006 on fleet management viewed through efficient use of drivers' working time
Robert Muha, Drago Sever, 2009, review article

Abstract: The introduction of contemporary procedures to fleet management processes has recently changed the work planning and supervision of driver's work activities. Tendencies to control the implementation of driver's work have been present in modem professional practice for quite a long time; however, the equipment available on the market limited its implementation. The intensified development of digital tachographs has, in technical terms, ensured such equipment considerably before the legislative groundwork was prepared for its practical implementation. The Commission Regulation (EC) No. 561/2006 (implementation of Social legislation relating to Road Transport) does not bring any essential novelties in terms of permitted workload. Consistent monitoring of drivers activities, made possible by digital tachographs, will have impact on the existing working methods. The topic of the present paper is in deep analysis of the impact of the mentioned regulation with special emphasis on the conditions for the regulation of the current stage of drivers work and on the expected consequences. The essential importance lies on the expected change in the mentality and approach to planning the driver's activities in the transport process on the part of the carrier: the outcome will eventually result in the efficiency of each individual carrier.
Keywords: fleet management, driver's work planning, digital tachographs
Published in DKUM: 06.06.2017; Views: 1133; Downloads: 508
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