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Language of Appraisal in Book Reviews: A Case Study
Katja Časar, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: This master’s thesis presents an analysis of appraisal in the case of ten book reviews. Their selection is based on several criteria that make them representative of this text type. The selected texts evaluate novels, novellas and short stories that were ranked top 300 according to the Open Syllabus Project 2.0 online data base. This means that they fall into the category of the most often assigned books in educational institutions. The authors of the selected texts are editors, journalists and writers, and there is an even number of male and female reviewers. The purpose of the study is the appraisal analysis of the contemporary English language; therefore, only the recently published texts were selected. The main methodology used in this master’s thesis is the appraisal theory developed by James Martin and Peter White (Martin and White). This theory evolved in the systemic functional linguistics, and it relies on the theoretical concepts of Michael Halliday (Halliday). The appraisal analysis was conducted with help of the analytical tool Catma 5.0, which enables annotation of texts, their analysis and the visualization of data. The results of the research show that the most frequently used attitudinal resources are the expressions of appreciation. Therefore, the evaluation of the story and everything associated with it is in the foreground of the book reviews. The analysis of the selected texts reveals that evaluation is mostly explicit, meaning that the reader is directly invited to engage with the book. The findings indicate that the attitudinal resources are graded more according to intensity and quantity and less according to prototypicality and marginality. This conclusion draws attention to the variety of lexical and grammatical structures in the selected texts that are assumed to be characteristic of this text type in general. The results also show that the reviewers do not include many external sources into the text, which consequently narrows down the dialogistic space and excludes alternative views and attitudes. The appraisal analysis points toward the text-structural and semantic characteristics of book reviews in general. The structure of the selected texts consists of the following elements: information about the author and the book, the plot summary and evaluation of these elements, which are often intertwined. Some reviews also include personal accounts, book details and/or numeric ratings. The most significant semantic characteristic of evaluation expressed in the selected book reviews is the critique of the Western oppressor. The reviewers judge crimes against humanity and question Western perspectives. They also imply the complicity of the readers because they are viewed as members of the Western identity. Additionally, the results of the analysis show that the book reviews are contextual and intertextual text types, which include various means for the realization of appraisal. A vast spectrum of lexical and grammatical structures makes book reviews an interesting research topic with many possibilities for further research.
Keywords: evaluative language, systemic functional linguistics, appraisal theory, appraisal analysis, book review.
Published: 23.07.2020; Views: 250; Downloads: 65
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Grammaticalization, lexicalization, and frequency
David Bennett, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper treats the problem of clitic ordering in Slovene, Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian and other Slavic languages, attempting to find an underlying mechanism for the progression of change. The author dis­cusses grammaticalization and lexicalization as motivations for the progression. The work, which is the authors last, remains unfinished.
Keywords: linguistics, Slavic languages, clitics, syntax, grammaticalization, lexicalization
Published: 13.02.2018; Views: 602; Downloads: 91
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Authorship attribution
Ana Zwitter Vitez, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper shows the importance of a quality analysis of linguistic features which enable the process of authorship attribution or author profiling in a forensic, literary or economic context (anonymous threat letters, plagiarism, literary works of unknown authorship, client profiling). It also highlights the lack of realized analyses for Slovene and outlines the methodology of detecting the syntactic, lexical, semantic and character features in order to quantify the authorʼs personal style.
Keywords: authorship attribution, author profiling, linguistic features, language technologies, forensic linguistics
Published: 12.02.2018; Views: 579; Downloads: 79
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Slavic *mokr´, Irish ainmech 'wet, rain'
Eric Hamp, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: The author demonstrates the etymological connections among Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, and Celtic for the term ‘wet’, reflected in PIE *mek- (~ *mok-).
Keywords: linguistics, Indo-European languages, Proto-Balto-Slavic, Celtic languages, etymology
Published: 06.02.2018; Views: 584; Downloads: 269
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Rise of the composite present perfect tense in Polish with the verb mieć 'to have' as an auxiliary
Ireneusz Kida, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper we discuss the phenomenon of the rise of the complex present perfect tense in modern Polish in the context of three Indo-European languages: English, German, and Spanish. Although the category of the present perfect tense does not exist in grammar books of the Polish language, it will probably soon need to be included, and the present perfect tense will be treated as a separate grammatical tense, as is the case in English and Spanish. While discussing the trajectory of the development of the present perfect tense in English and Spanish, we arrive at the conclusion that the Polish language is undergoing a similar process.
Keywords: Polish, grammar, present perfect tense, auxiliary verbs, linguistics, perfect
Published: 06.02.2018; Views: 451; Downloads: 277
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Language, ideology and politics in Croatia
Mate Kapović, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Based in part on his recent book Čiji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article emphasizes problems related to Croatia specifically, which might be of interest to foreign Slavists and linguists, while the monograph (in Croatian) deals with the problems of language, society, politics, ideology, and sociolinguistics in general.
Keywords: linguistics, sociolinguistics, language politics, Croatia, purism
Published: 06.02.2018; Views: 425; Downloads: 252
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Indo-European 'ego', Slavic ja = Runic ek, and Celtic Ø
Eric Hamp, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper gives a new account of the development of the first person singular pronoun in Indo-European languages, finding innovating areals (1) Anatolian *VK; (2) South-East Indo-European (Indo-Iranian, Armenian) *eg’‑H‑ém; (3) Greek, Latin, Venetic *eg’‑(ó)H; (4) North I-E (Albanian, Baltic, Slavic, Germanic, Thracian, Tocharian) *eg’.
Keywords: linguistics, personal pronouns, etymology
Published: 06.02.2018; Views: 412; Downloads: 294
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S-shaped curve of phonological standardization
Fumio Inoue, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper is concerned with the speed of linguistic change. If social variation is a reflection of linguistic change, the scene of the linguistic change can be caught in action as a palpable phenomenon. However there is one theoretical question, the distinction of “real time” and “apparent time”. In order to observe linguistic change repeated surveying is necessary. The tradition of Japanese dialectology provides us with several examples of repetitive surveys. The conclusion of the analysis is as follows. The curve of apparent-time change corresponds to that of real-time change. The total number of years necessary for a linguistic change to be completed is nearly 200 years.
Keywords: Japanese, language changes, language standardization, phonetics, linguistics
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 382; Downloads: 52
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