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11.
Bucolic complexes
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Tanja Gologranc, Damian Osajda, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: In this article, we introduce and investigate bucolic complexes, a common generalization of systolic complexes and of CAT(0) cubical complexes. This class of complexes is closed under Cartesian products and amalgamations over some convex subcomplexes. We study various approaches to bucolic complexes: from graph-theoretic and topological viewpoints, as well as from the point of view of geometric group theory. Bucolic complexes can be defined as locally-finite simply connected prism complexes satisfying some local combinatorial conditions. We show that bucolic complexes are contractible, and satisfy some nonpositive-curvature-like properties. In particular, we prove a version of the Cartan-Hadamard theorem, the fixed point theorem for finite group actions, and establish some results on groups acting geometrically on such complexes. We also characterize the 1-skeletons (which we call bucolic graphs) and the 2-skeletons of bucolic complexes. In particular, we prove that bucolic graphs are precisely retracts of Cartesian products of locally finite weakly bridged graphs (i.e., of 1-skeletons of weakly systolic complexes). We show that bucolic graphs are exactly the weakly modular graphs satisfying some local conditions formulated in terms of forbidden induced subgraphs and that finite bucolic graphs can be obtained by gated amalgamations of products of weakly bridged graphs.
Keywords: CAT(0) kubni in sistolični kompleksi, medianski in mostovni grafi, zastražena amalgamacija, kartezični produkt, prizmični kompleksi, retrakti, fiksne točke, asferičnost, CAT(0) cubical and systolic complexes, median and bridged graphs, gated amalgamation, Cartesian product, prism complexes, retracts, fixed points, asphericity
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 597; Downloads: 15
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12.
A note on the domination number of the Cartesian products of paths and cycles
Polona Repolusk, Janez Žerovnik, 2011

Abstract: Z uporabo algebraičnega pristopa implementiramo konstantni algoritem za računanje dominantnega števila kartezičnih produktov poti in ciklov. Podamo formule za dominantna števila ▫$gamma(P_n Box C_k)$▫ (za ▫$k leq 11$▫, ▫$n in {mathbb N}$)▫ in dominantna števila ▫$gamma(C_n Box P_k)$▫ in ▫$gamma(C_n Box C_k)$▫ (za ▫$k leq 6$▫, ▫$n in {mathbb N}$▫).
Keywords: teorija grafov, kartezični produkt, grid, torus, dominacija, algebra poti, konstantni algoritem, graph theory, Cartesian product, grid graph, torus, graph domination, path algebra, constant time algorithm
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 859; Downloads: 22
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13.
Vizing's conjecture: a survey and recent results
Boštjan Brešar, Paul Dorbec, Wayne Goddard, Bert L. Hartnell, Michael A. Henning, Sandi Klavžar, Douglas F. Rall, 2012, review article

Abstract: Vizingova domneva iz leta 1968 trdi, da je dominacijsko število kartezičnega produkta dveh grafov vsaj tako veliko, kot je produkt dominacijskih števil faktorjev. V članku naredimo pregled različnih pristopov k tej osrednji domnevi iz teorije grafovske dominacije. Ob tem dokažemo tudi nekaj novih rezultatov. Tako so na primer pokazane nove lastnosti minimalnega protiprimera, dokazana je tudi nova spodnja meja za produkte grafov brez induciranega ▫$K_{1,3}$▫ s poljubnimi grafi. Skozi celoten članek so obravnavani pripadajoči odprti problemi, vprašanja in sorodne domneve.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, kartezični produkt, dominacija, Vizingova domneva, mathematics, graph theory, Caretesian product, domination, Vizing's conjecture
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 732; Downloads: 63
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14.
The k-independence number of direct products of graphs and Hedetniemi's conjecture
Simon Špacapan, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: The ▫$k$▫-independence number of ▫$G$▫, denoted as ▫$alpha_k(G)$▫, is the size of a largest ▫$k$▫-colorable subgraph of ▫$G$▫. The direct product of graphs ▫$G$▫ and ▫$H$▫, denoted as ▫$G times H$▫, is the graph with vertex set ▫$V(G) times V(H)$▫, where two vertices ▫$(x_1, y_1)$▫ and ▫$(x_2, y_2)$▫ are adjacent in ▫$G times H$▫, if ▫$x_1$▫ is adjacent to ▫$x_2$▫ in ▫$G$▫ and ▫$y_1$▫ is adjacent to ▫$y_2$▫ in ▫$H$▫. We conjecture that for any graphs ▫$G$▫ and ▫$H$▫, ▫$$alpha_k(G times H) ge alpha_k(G)|V(H)| + alpha_k(H)|V(G)| - alpha_k(G) alpha_k(H).$$▫ The conjecture is stronger than Hedetniemi's conjecture. We prove the conjecture for ▫$k = 1, 2$▫ and prove that ▫$alpha_k(G times H) ge alpha_k(G)|V(H)| + alpha_k(H)|V(G)| - alpha_k(G) alpha_k(H)$▫ holds for any ▫$k$▫.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, neodvisnostno število, kartezični produkt grafov, mathematics, graph theory, independence number, Cartesian product of graphs
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 746; Downloads: 14
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15.
Roman domination number of the Cartesian products of paths and cycles
Polona Repolusk, Janez Žerovnik, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Rimska dominacija je zgodovinsko utemeljena različica običajne dominacije, pri kateri vozlišča grafa označimo z oznakami iz množice ▫${0,1,2}$▫ tako, da ima vsako vozlišče z oznako 0 soseda z oznako 2. Najmanjšo izmed vsot oznak grafa imenujemo rimsko dominantno število grafa. Z uporabo algebraičnega pristopa dobimo konstantni algoritem za računanje rimskega dominantnega števila posebne vrste poligrafov: rota- in fasciagrafov. V posebnih primerih izračunamo formule za rimsko dominanto število kartezičnega produkta poti in ciklov ▫$P_n Box P_k$▫, ▫$P_n Box C_k$▫ za ▫$k leq 8$▫ in ▫$n in {mathbb N}$▫ ter za ▫$C_n Box P_k$▫ in ▫$C_n Box C_k$▫ za ▫$k leq 5$▫, ▫$n in {mathbb N}$▫. Dodan je seznam rimskih grafov med kartezičnimi produkti zgoraj omenjenih poti in ciklov.
Keywords: teorija grafov, kartezični produkt, rimsko dominantno število, poligrafi, algebra poti, graph theory, Roman domination number, Cartesian product, polygraphs, path algebra
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 902; Downloads: 42
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16.
Cyclic bundle Hamiltonicity
Irena Hrastnik Ladinek, Janez Žerovnik, 2011

Abstract: Cyclic bundle Hamiltonicity ▫$cbH(G)$▫ of a graph ▫$G$▫ is the minimal ▫$n$▫ for which there is an automorphism ▫$alpha$▫ of ▫$G$▫ such that the graph bundle ▫$C_nBox^{alpha} G$▫ is Hamiltonian. We define ▫$nabla (tilde{G}_{alpha})_{min}$▫, an invariant that is related to the maximal vertex degree of spanning trees suitably involving the symmetries of ▫$G$▫ and prove ▫$cbH(G) leq nabla(tilde{G}_{alpha})_{min} leq cbH(G)+1$▫ for any non-trivial connected graph ▫$G$▫.
Keywords: kartezični produkt, kartezični grafovski sveženj, hamiltonski graf, Cartesian product, Cartesian graph bundle, Hamiltonian graph
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 679; Downloads: 74
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17.
Retracts of products of chordal graphs
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Matjaž Kovše, Arnaud Labourel, Yann Vaxès, 2010

Abstract: We characterize the graphs ▫$G$▫ that are retracts of Cartesian products of chordal graphs. We show that they are exactly the weakly modular graphs that do not contain ▫$K_{2;3}$▫, ▫$k$▫-wheels ▫$W_k$▫, and ▫$k$▫-wheels minus one spoke T$W_k^- ; (k ge 4)$T as induced subgraphs. We also show that these graphs ▫$G$▫ are exactly the cage-amalgamation graphs introduced by Brešar and Tepeh Horvat (2009); this solves the open question raised by these authors. Finally, we prove that replacing all products of cliques of $G$ by products of "solid" simplices, we obtain a polyhedral cell complex which, endowed with an intrinsic Euclidean metric, is a CAT(0) space. This generalizes similar results about median graphs as retracts of hypercubes (products of edges) and median graphs as 1-skeletons of CAT(0) cubical complexes.
Keywords: teorija grafov, graf, retrakt, zastražena amalgamacija, tetiven graf, kartezični produkt grafov, medianski graf, graph theory, graph, retract, gated amalgamation, chordal graph, Cartesian product of graphs, median graph
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 522; Downloads: 79
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18.
Geodetic sets in graphs
Boštjan Brešar, Matjaž Kovše, Aleksandra Tepeh, 2011, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Na kratko so povzeti rezultati o geodetskih množicah v grafih. Po pregledu rezultatov iz prejšnjih raziskav se posvetimo geodetskemu številu in sorodnim invariantam v grafih. Podrobno so obravnavane geodetske množice kartezičnih produktov grafov in geodetske množice v medianskih grafih. Predstavljen je tudi algoritmični vidik in povezava z nekaterimi ostalimi koncepti iz teorije konveksnih in intervalskih struktur v grafih.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, geodetsko število, geodetska množica, kartezični produkt, medianski graf, mejna množica, mathematics, graph theory, geodetic number, geodetic set, Cartesian product, median graph, boundary set
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 340; Downloads: 20
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19.
The distinguishing chromatic number of Cartesian products of two complete graphs
Janja Jerebic, Sandi Klavžar, 2010, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Označitev grafa ▫$G$▫ je razlikovalna, če jo ohranja le trivialni avtomorfizem grafa ▫$G$▫. Razlikovalno kromatično število grafa ▫$G$▫ je najmanjše naravno število, za katero obstaja razlikovalna označitev grafa, ki je hkrati tudi dobro barvanje. Za vse ▫$k$▫ in ▫$n$▫ je določeno razlikovalno kromatično število kartezičnih produktov ▫$K_kBox K_n$▫. V večini primerov je enako kromatičnemu številu, kar med drugim odgovori na vprašanje Choia, Hartkeja and Kaula, ali obstajajo še kakšni drugi grafi, za katere velja enakost.
Keywords: teorija grafov, razlikovalno kromatično število, grafovski avtomorfizem, kartezični produkt grafov, graph theory, distinguishing chromatic number, graph automorphism, Cartesian product of graphs
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 503; Downloads: 69
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20.
Vizing's conjecture: a survey and recent results
Boštjan Brešar, Paul Dorbec, Wayne Goddard, Bert L. Hartnell, Michael A. Henning, Sandi Klavžar, Douglas F. Rall, 2009

Abstract: Vizing's conjecture from 1968 asserts that the domination number of the Cartesian product of two graphs is at least as large as the product of their domination numbers. In this paper we survey the approaches to this central conjecture from domination theory and give some new results along the way. For instance, several new properties of a minimal counterexample to the conjecture are obtained and a lower bound for the domination number is proved for products of claw-free graphs with arbitrary graphs. Open problems, questions and related conjectures are discussed throughout the paper.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, kartezični produkt, dominacija, Vizingova domneva, mathematics, graph theory, Caretesian product, domination, Vizing's conjecture
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 586; Downloads: 74
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