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1.
Directions for the sustainability of innovative clustering in a country
Vito Bobek, Vladislav Streltsov, Tatjana Horvat, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents potential improvements through utilizing the cyclical nature of clusters by human capital, technology, policies, and management. A historical review of the formation and sustainable development of clusters in the US, Europe, Japan, China, and other regions is carried out to achieve this. The aim was to identify and assess the prominent occurrence cases, the central institutional actors, the indicators of their innovative activity, and the schematics of successful cluster management. The theory section covers current classification methods and typology of innovation-territorial economic associations. Consequently, a regression analysis model is produced to identify the potential dominant success factors in implementing the innovation policy of the most successful innovative clusters. Comments on the influence of these predictors on the competitiveness and level of innovative development of the 50 inspected countries follow. As a result of qualitative and quantitative analysis, an overview of the best world practice, the new vision, and its priorities are proposed to improve the efficiency at the level of management structures of innovation clusters.
Keywords: cluster, cluster policy, state policy, regression analysis, institutions, innovation, R&D
Published in DKUM: 09.04.2024; Views: 225; Downloads: 121
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2.
Multilevel analysis of COVID-19 vaccination intention : the moderating role of economic and cultural country characteristics
Monika Lamot, Andrej Kirbiš, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Predictors of COVID-19 (coronavirus) vaccination have been extensively researched; however, the contextual factors contributing to understanding vaccination intention remain largely unexplored. The present study aimed to investigate the moderating role of economic development (Gross domestic product - GDP per capita), economic inequality (Gini index), the perceived corruption index and Hofstede’s measurements of cultural values—index of individualism/collectivism and power distance index—in the relationship between determinants of satisfaction with the healthcare system, trust in political institutions, conspiracy beliefs and COVID-19 vaccination intention. Methods: A multilevel modelling approach was employed on a sample of approximately 51 000 individuals nested within 26 countries. Data were drawn from the European Social Survey Round 10. The model examined the effect of individual- and country-level predictors and their interaction on vaccination intention. Results: Satisfaction with the healthcare system had a stronger positive effect on intention to get vaccinated in countries with lower perceived corruption and more individualistic countries. Trust in political institutions had a stronger positive effect on vaccination intention in countries with higher economic development and lower perceived corruption, while a negative effect of conspiracy beliefs on vaccination intention was stronger in countries with lower economic development, higher perceived corruption and a more collectivistic cultural orientation. Conclusion: Our findings highlight the importance of considering individual and contextual factors when addressing vaccination intention.
Keywords: COVID-19 vaccination intention, multilevel analyses, satisfaction with the health system, trust in political institutions, conspiracy beliefs
Published in DKUM: 08.04.2024; Views: 199; Downloads: 5
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3.
Role of corporate security in healthcare institutions during the COVID-19 epidemic
Dejan Pavlović, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: This study examines the vital role of corporate security in healthcare institutions during the epidemic and underscores its significance. It also presents the perspectives of healthcare employees on corporate security. The aim is to provide insights into the current state of corporate security in Slovenia and offer recommendations for enhancement. Design/Methods/Approach: Procedures employed encompass a descriptive approach and a synthesis of existing knowledge. We focused on corporate activity within organizations, particularly emphasizing effective corporate security. A review of domestic and foreign literature provided context, while a quantitative survey questionnaire gathered empirical data. The questionnaire included 18 closed questions on a 5-point Likert scale, along with socio-demographic data. Data analysis utilized IBM SPSS version 23.0. Findings: The main goal of corporate security is to ensure the safety of people in each organisation (in our case, healthcare institutions). Healthcare institutions, especially hospitals, are critical infrastructures are in constant operation; therefore, an institution must be protected 24 hours a day. According to health facility staff, on average security during the epidemic was adequate, and the organisation of security was well planned. Research Limitations/Implications: The results of the study provide a starting point for further research in the area of the topic addressed, while also serving to inform professionals and the general public about the topic. Originality/Value: The study a starting point for empirical studies that will address corporate security in relation to healthcare institutions.
Keywords: corporate security, COVID-19, sense of security, healthcare institutions, security risks
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2024; Views: 173; Downloads: 5
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4.
The impact of EU programmes on financing higher education institutions in Western Balkans - evidence from Kosovo
Gezim Jusufi, Suada Ajdarpašić, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to analyse the financial effects of EU education and research programs on the development of higher education institutions in Western Balkan countries with a special emphasis given to Kosovo. To achieve the set goal, we have used the integrative review method. The Western Balkan HEIs do not have sufficient financial capacity to develop new curricula, new study programmes and research projects. They must therefore make use of EU education and research programmes to cover this gap. The evidence provided in the paper supports the idea that HEIs of the countries with low economic development, political challenges and lack of institutional capabilities will have a difficult time funding such undertakings without the assistance of EU programmes. Thus, these programs have a great impact on financing these educational institutions effectively. Therefore, their impact on the funding of universities in this region should be elaborated. It should be noted that there is little research which elaborate the impact of these programs on funding Western Balkan HEIs. These are key findings of the paper.
Keywords: EU programmes, higher education institutions, Western Balkans, Kosovo, financing
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 938; Downloads: 21
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5.
User violence against employees at nursing homes
Katarina Cesar, Liljana Rihter, Špela Selak, Branko Gabrovec, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: Earlier research has indicated the high exposure of those working in assisting occupations to workplace violence in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to complement the research gap in investigating violence within social care and determine the types and extent of workplace violence among all employees in a social care institution, the influence of aggressive behaviour of users on the well-being of employees, and the need for education on dealing with the violence to which employees are being exposed. Design/Methods/Approach: Workplace violence was researched quantitatively using a descriptive method. We used a structured survey questionnaire, which was adapted using an existing questionnaire to research the occurrence of violent acts from users against employees at nursing homes and other social care institutions. Findings: The nursing home Dom ob Savinji Celje faces user violence against its employees. The most frequent form of violence against employees is verbal abuse (37.7% of respondents) and the least frequent is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature (5.2% of respondents). Workers employed in healthcare face user violence more often than employees in other fields. Employees most often face a certain form of user violence 1-2 times per year. When an employee meets an aggressive user, the most common emotions are fear, helplessness, uncertainty, feeling under threat, and least often a lack of understanding from fellow employees. Originality/Value: This study focuses on studying workplace violence within a social care institution and complements extant, yet inadequate scientific findings.
Keywords: nursing homes, workplace violence, healthcare, social care, social care institutions
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2020; Views: 1041; Downloads: 49
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6.
Inoculation of safety in healthcare
Bojan Dobovšek, Boštjan Slak, 2017, review article

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse - through a prism of informal institutions - the role and importance of security in healthcare and the manner in which healthcare sector copes with security threats in postmodern society. We note that bad informal institutions are differently reflected in Slovenia. In the forefront are the problems of systemic corruption, various forms of clientelism and nepotism. This is (in)directly reflected in the (lack of) quality of Slovenian healthcare system. Inadequate public procurement system and conflicts of interest in healthcare sector are causing inferior quality of the healthcare system, while informal institutions in politics and economics are weakening Slovenian economy, consequently affecting the funding of Slovenian healthcare system which is also undermined by the financial crisis. Additionally, globalisation, which has a (negative) impact on human health, has caused the importation of improper business practices into healthcare system. It is therefore necessary to develop a preventive action that will inoculate the idea of a safe country for the benefit of people and not for the benefit of bad informal networks.
Keywords: informal institutions, corruption, health systems, security
Published in DKUM: 09.10.2018; Views: 1348; Downloads: 211
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7.
Institutional framework and typology of economic transition in post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe : the role of Bretton Woods institutions
Pavel Ptáček, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Departing from the concept of transformation and transition, this article highlights some main directions and problem areas of this process. It starts with description of transitory architecture in countries of Central and Eastern Europe based mostly on the concept of “Washington consensus” as the main method being used during the first stages of transition in many post-communist countries. Firstly we start with description of “Washington consensus” and its application in different countries in transition – from Latin America to the region of post-communist countries. After this theoretical part we start with concrete examples from particular countries where the key transitional processes will be described. Main focus will be put on the privatisation process in the Czech Republic in comparison to other post-communist countries. Typology of transitory processes in particular countries from “shock therapy” to “gradualist” ones will be placed. Than alternative approaches to transition will be introduced, focusing on the concept of path dependency, network analysis, regulation theory and their approaches to state socialism and post-communist transformations. Summarisation of main findings and the counterbalance to neo-liberal approach will be discussed. Is there some “post- Washington consensus” which has learnt from previous mistakes?
Keywords: transition, transformation, institutions, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
Published in DKUM: 14.03.2018; Views: 1421; Downloads: 122
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8.
Market orientation of business schools and development of professional competencies of students in the tourism business
Maja Rosi, Milan Jurše, 2016, professional article

Abstract: Recent trends of spreading of market globalization, technological progress, internationalization, privatization and other relevant changes are strategically changing the context in which all institutions of society operate and prosper. The higher education sector is also affected, and, in particular, the business education has to be better aligned with these external realities. In this dynamic and changing environment, students, businesses and other stakeholders require knowledge and skills that will provide them with competency in relation to the current economic situation and technological advances. Tourism sector and whole economy increasingly depend on contemporary knowledge that provides appropriate job competency to students and competitive advantage to the providers of services. Adjustment of public higher education institutions is important for enhancing their market position in increasingly competitive market for business education. There is an increasing number of private business schools that have emerged recently, also in the field of tourism that have seen their great potential for business success and earnings in the increasingly competitive business education market, framed by a very dynamic and competitive environment of business education. In addition, business schools have to deal with the trend of shrinking budgetary (public) funding of their operation, which forces them to search for additional funding by providing new educational offerings and strengthening of their market orientation. In the debate about the future of tourism education, there lies a gap between the requirements of the curriculum and the expectations of the industry, which argues that higher education has to serve the tourism of the future - that is to prepare students for a more active role in tourism organizations and in their search for improvements and adaptation to different competitive circumstances. Does business schools% curriculum follow the development of key recent trends in the industry? The main objective of this paper is to identify the key aspects of the dynamic adaptation of university business schools and to elaborate on the possible linkage between the development of professional competences of students in the field of tourism and the professional requirements of organizations in this industry. We will use the comparative method (overview and comparison of tourist programs of selected faculties in selected countries of the former Yugoslavia, review and comparison of their programs regardless of any possible accreditation) and benchmarking analysis that will help us identify differences in achieved professional student competencies in selected faculties and compare them against achieved professional student competencies of selected, leading faculties in central Europe in the field of tourism.
Keywords: graduate professional competence, tourism education, market orientation of public higher education institutions, globalization, privatization of higher education, tourist destinations, marketing
Published in DKUM: 03.08.2017; Views: 1722; Downloads: 378
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9.
Sustainable institutionalized punishment requires elimination of second-order free-riders
Matjaž Perc, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Although empirical and theoretical studies affirm that punishment can elevate collaborative efforts, its emergence and stability remain elusive. By peer-punishment the sanctioning is something an individual elects to do depending on the strategies in its neighborhood. The consequences of unsustainable efforts are therefore local. By pool-punishment, on the other hand, where resources for sanctioning are committed in advance and at large, the notion of sustainability has greater significance. In a population with free-riders, punishers must be strong in numbers to keep the "punishment pool" from emptying. Failure to do so renders the concept of institutionalized sanctioning futile. We show that pool-punishment in structured populations is sustainable, but only if second-order free-riders are sanctioned as well, and to a such degree that they cannot prevail. A discontinuous phase transition leads to an outbreak of sustainability when punishers subvert second-order free-riders in the competition against defectors.
Keywords: cooperation, public goods, punishment, institutions, phase transitions, physics of social systems
Published in DKUM: 23.06.2017; Views: 1410; Downloads: 362
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10.
Growth effects of cross-border mergers and acquisitions in European transition countries
Jelena Zvezdanović Lobanova, Davorin Kračun, Alenka Kavkler, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with the economic effect of cross-border mergers and acquisitions on GDP per capita in European transition countries for the 2000- 2014 period. Our analysis shows that cross-border mergers and acquisitions have a negative effect on GDP per capita in the current period, whereas their lagged level positively impacts output performance. We found that transition countries characterized by a higher quality of institutional setting have achieved a positive impact on GDP per capita.
Keywords: cross-border mergers and acquisitions, institutions, GDP per capita, transition countries
Published in DKUM: 03.04.2017; Views: 1387; Downloads: 339
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