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Innovation leaders, modest innovators and non-innovative SMEs in Slovakia
Ľubica Lesáková, Petra Gundová, Pavol Kráľ, Andrea Ondrušová, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: The field of innovation represents for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) a fundamental challenge. If the number of innovative SMEs is to rise, it is necessary to identify key factors determining their innovation activity and eliminate the innovation barriers. The main purpose of the paper is to present the results of primary research focused on identification (evaluation) of key factors and barriers determining innovation activities in Slovak SMEs. The division of SMEs into three groups of enterprises: innovation leaders, modest innovators and non-innovators enables to identify the differences in managers’ perception of the main factors and barriers determining innovation activities in various types of SMEs and to formulate policy implications for Slovak SMEs. Design/Methodology/Approach: Results of the empirical research were processed using MS Excel and the statistical analysis of the data in R3.2.4. statistical system was done. For statistical tests we assumed significance level (α = 0.1). Results: Evaluating the importance of the key factors a majority of enterprises (64.71%) indicated financial resources as the most important factor for the innovations. There is no statistically significant difference in individual (analysed) factors between innovation leaders, non-innovators and innovation followers (modest innovators). The results gained from Fisher exact test (p-value = 0.11) indicated a small difference in evaluating the significance of individual barriers between innovation leaders, non-innovators and modest innovators. Majority of enterprises also see as the main barriers to develop innovation activities bureaucracy and corruption and inappropriate state support of innovation activities. Conclusion: The main implications (conclusion) coming from the research are basic recommendations for state policy makers as well as SME’s managers to foster innovation activities in enterprises. They refer to the areas of financial resources, high-quality human resources, cooperation and participation of SMEs in different networks and clusters, systematic institutional support to SMEs, well-created vision and clearly formulated aims, and willingness of enterprises to innovate. Recommendations are summarised following the results of factor’s and barrier’s evaluation.
Keywords: innovations, small and medium enterprises, factors, barriers, Slovak Republic
Published: 04.05.2018; Views: 608; Downloads: 45
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Incertitude et innovations territoriales en espace agricole périurbain
Lucette Laurens, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Croiser incertitude et innovations territoriales permet d’avancer dans la compréhension des processus et des dynamiques des espaces agricoles périurbains, apparemment contradictoires, pris entre des mécanismes d’appropriation liés à différents usages et d’abandon lié au recul des activités agricoles. Ce questionnement permet d’utiliser ce paradoxe comme un angle de lecture stimulant. Les exemples du Languedoc-Roussillon et de l’agglomération de Montpellier sont une illustration de ces processus de recomposition socio-spatiale dans lesquels les espaces agricoles sont confrontés à de nouvelles dynamiques incertaines et innovantes. De ce fait, ces espaces apparaissent être des espaces multifonctionnels à inventer. Ils pourraient occuper une nouvelle place dans la structuration d’une urbanité à l’échelle des agglomérations actuelles.
Keywords: espaces agricoles périurbains, incertitude, innovations territoriales, interstices, terrain vague, Languedoc-Roussillon
Published: 20.03.2018; Views: 316; Downloads: 81
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Technological, marketing and complementary competencies driving innovative performance of Slovenian manufacturing firms
Tanja Rajkovič, Janez Prašnikar, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper discusses innovative performance of firms and underlying competencies, namely technological, marketing and complementary. Competencies are regarded as networks of various capabilities and other firm assets and can be used for cross-industry comparisons. The study is based on a survey carried out among 50 established Slovenian manufacturing companies addressing competencies which they employ in their 65 distinct product lines. Three distinct segments of firms are established based on innovative performance indicators. Used are techniques of multivariate statistics, including cluster analysis and analysis of variance. The results imply that the most innovative firms simultaneously develop technological, marketing and complementary competencies. The implications of our findings are valuable to the firms aligning their competencies with their strategy, as well as to policy makers in technology following countries.
Keywords: Slovenia, processing industry, technological development, innovations, marketing
Published: 22.01.2018; Views: 459; Downloads: 270
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Freight transport innovations of European railways - new market chances and technological perspectives
Stanislav Božičnik, Konrad Schliephake, 2005, review article

Abstract: The paper analyses the main technical and economic elements of the current European rail freight market and presents the basic concepts of possible new technologies in the rail freight system. They would enable the railways to enter the more rewarding niches of the freight transport market. In an attempt to understand better the problems of introducing innovations into the transport sector this paper also considers the theoretical framework and analyses the implementation paths of the proposed technological innovations. New technologies are confronted with various barriers and difficulties created by the existing and dominant technological paradigms. These are often powerful enough to prevent the introduction of alternatives and promising innovations. The empirical part of the paper focuses on the possibilities of combining the existing innovative rail freight technologies which could, with the appropriate organizational solutions (time-tables) and political support, increase the competitiveness of the rail freight transport in new and promising market segments.
Keywords: railway traffic, freight transport, combaine trasnporta, huckpack transport, rail freight vehicles, innovations
Published: 02.06.2017; Views: 579; Downloads: 79
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Innovations and lifelong learning in sustainable organization
Jasmina Žnidaršič, Eva Jereb, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Innovation and knowledge are two of key factors for sustainable development of company or organization. Particularly in the current period of economic crisis it is crucial to promote lifelong learning and creativity to contribute innovative solutions to various problems. Lifelong learning makes a significant contribution to awareness of the importance of innovation and creativity for sustainable development of organization. In this paper we explore if respondents from Slovenian companies think that innovation and lifelong learning is important for sustainable development of company. Presented are the results of a survey conducted in 67 large and medium-sized enterprises in Slovenia where we upon respondents' judgment examine the correlation between the innovativeness level and lifelong learning, investing in innovativeness and competitive advantage and the promotion of lifelong learning and competitive advantage of the organization. Also the answers to the questions if lifelong learning contributes to the sustainable development of organization and if more the organization takes care of sustainable development the bigger is its competitive advantage before equal bidders are given.
Keywords: innovations, lifelong learning, sustainable organization
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 826; Downloads: 268
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Rail freight for urban logistics: dream or reality?
Stanislav Božičnik, 2007, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: railway traffic, freight transport, market niches, rail freight vehicles, innovations
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1229; Downloads: 22
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