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Binary coding of algebraic Kekulé structures of catacondensed benzenoid graphs
Damir Vukičević, Petra Žigert Pleteršek, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Algebraična Kekuléjeva struktura končnega katakondenziranega benzenoidnega grafa s ▫$h$▫ šestkotniki je podana z binarno kodo dolžine ▫$h$▫. Postopek je obrnljiv in sicer lahko iz binarne kode rekonstruiramo algebraično Kekuléjevo strukturo.
Keywords: matematika, kemijska teorija grafov, benzenoidni ogljikovodiki, benzenoidni grafi, Kekuléjeve strukture, Randićeve strukture, 1-faktor, binarno kodiranje, mathematics, chemical graph theory, benzenoid hydrocarbons, benzenoid graph, Kekulé structures, algebraic Kekulé structures, Randić structures, 1-factor, binary coding
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 653; Downloads: 77
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An approach to calculate thermodynamic properties of mixtures including Propane, n-Butane, and Isobutane
Jurij Avsec, Koichi Watanabe, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses a mathematical model for computing the thermodynamic properties of propane, n-butane, isobutane, and their mixtures, in the fluid phase using a method based upon statistical chain theory. The constants necessary for computations such as the characteristic temperatures of rotation, electronic state, etc. and the moments of inertia are obtained analytically applying a knowledge of the atomic structure of the molecule. The paper presents a procedure for calculating thermodynamic properties such aspressure, speed of sound, the Joule-Thomson coefficient, compressibility, enthalpy, and thermal expansion coefficient. This paper will discuss, for the first time, the application of statistical chain theory for accurate properties of binary and ternary mixtures including propane, n-butane, and isobutane, in their entire fluid phases. To calculate the thermodynamic properties of Lennard-Jones chains, the Liu-Li-Lu model has been used. The thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon mixtures are obtained using the one-fluid theory.
Keywords: statistical thermodynamics, chain theory, mixtures, transport properties, hydrocarbons, isobutane, n-butane, propane, refrigerants
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1349; Downloads: 67
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Phase equilibria of vanillins in compressed gases
Željko Knez, Mojca Škerget, Amra Perva-Uzunalić, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Solid-liquid phase transitions of vanillin, ethylvanillin, o-vanillin and o-ethylvanillin in compressed hydrocarbons (isobutane and propane), fluorinated hydrocarbons (R23, R134a and R236fa) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) were determined with a modified capillary method in a pressure range between 0.1 and 31.0 MPa. Equilibrium solubilities of vanillins in compressed fluorinated hydrocarbons were determined at temperatures 313.2 and 333.2 K and over a pressure range between 1.1 and 26.0 MPa with a static-analytic method. Experimental solubility data were correlated by a density-based Chrastil model. Results showed that phase equilibria of vanillins in investigated compressed gases are influenced by the type of alchoxy group (methoxy or ethoxy) and the position of OH group (ortho or para), bound to the aromatic ring of solute, as well as the molecular structure of the gas. Three phase SLG curves in p,T-projections mainly exhibited temperature minimums and negative slopes dp/dT, with a maximum melting point depression between 9 and 21 K; all systems with SF6 exhibited a continuous positive slope dp/dT of approximately 4.5 MPa/K. SLG curves with a temperature maximum at low pressure were observed for systems of o-vanillins with R23. Solubilities of o-vanillins in R23 and R236fa were higher in comparison with p-vanillins, whereas, in the case of R134a, the solubilities were influenced by the alchoxy group bound on aromatic ring: vanillin and o-vanillin with methoxy group are more soluble than vanillins with ethoxy group (ethylvanillin and o-ethylvanillin). The highest solubility of all four vanillins was observed in R236fa.
Keywords: solid-liquid-gas equilibria, melting point depression, solubility, vanilin isomers, hydrocarbons, fluorinated hydrocarbons, SF6
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1327; Downloads: 68
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