A comparative analysis of adjectives in the novel The Great Gatsby and the historical text A History of WomenJasmina Romanić
, 2011, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The theme of this graduation thesis is a comparative analysis of adjectives in the novel The Great Gatsby and the historical text A History of Women. The purpose was to theoretically define and classify adjectives according to position, formation, grading, and semantic grouping; and to use this theory for a comparative analysis. Therefore, the main structure of theoretical part of the thesis is based on Biber’s Grammar of spoken and written English, and Blaganje’s Modern English Grammar. The principal object was to find out differences between adjectives in literary and non-literary texts, in this case between the novel The Great Gatsby and the historical text A History of Women. The results showed that in the selected sample of seven pages of both texts there are 51% more adjectives in The Great Gatsby than in A History of Women, and that in both texts attributive adjectives predominate. A History of Women has 1% more of attributive adjectives than The Great Gatsby. The research was carried out manually, while the statistical results are shown in graphs made by a computer. The methods used in thesis are the descriptive method and causal non-experimenting method.
Keywords: position of adjectives, formation of adjectives, grading of adjectives, semantic grouping of adjectives, a comparative analysis of adjectives in The Great Gatsby and A History of Women
Published: 28.02.2012; Views: 2259; Downloads: 138
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Closed form expression for fatigue life prediction at combined HCF/LCF loadingDamir Jelaska
, Srečko Glodež
, Srđan Podrug
, 2003, original scientific article
Abstract: For combined HCF/LCF loading, whose stress history is simplified so that it consists of one LCF stress block with a number of cycles equal to the number of start-up in-service operations and one HCF stress block with all HCF cycles summed-up, we derived the closed form expression for estimating both the crack initiation life and the crack propagation life at combined HCF/LCF loading. As an example of use, Smith and Haigh diagrams were obtained for titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) components, which enable to estimate the fatigue strength for the designed fatigue life, known load ratio and certain number of HCF cycles per one combined stress block.
Keywords: machine elements, fatigue, service life prediction, crack initiation, crack growth, stress history
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1387; Downloads: 22
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RECENT LEXICAL BORROWINGS IN MODERN ENGLISH (FROM SOME EXOTIC SOURCES)Mirjana Hutinski Mušić
, 2012, undergraduate thesis
English is the biggest donor language in the world. Namely, a lot of languages still borrow words from English. However, English has itself borrowed many thousands of words from other languages. The process of language borrowing, which is widespread linguistic phenomenon, is still going on. English has always adopted loanwords from the languages of whatever cultures they have come in contact with. The history of loanwords is therefore quite complex because loanwords have often passed through a series of languages before reaching English. Although the majority of words in English have come from one of the large number of languages that belong to the Indo-European group, Modern English tends to increasingly borrow words from less known languages, even exotic ones.
This graduation thesis deals with recent lexical borrowings in Modern English that came from some exotic sources. Since there are several languages from which borrowings were taken, I discuss those that are less common, even exotic. I decided to research six languages, among which are the following: Arabic, Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Turkish and Yiddish. In the first part of my thesis a brief history of Modern English is presented. Then a brief presentation of the process of borrowing follows. The main part of my thesis represents an analysis of the borrowings from exotic sources. Each language is analyzed separately; the words are categorized according to the different categories of various vocabulary areas. The meaning, the etymology and example sentence is provided for each word. The last part offers an analysis of the languages that contributed to the enrichment of the English language.
Keywords: borrowings, etymology, the History of Modern English, exotic sources
Published: 18.12.2012; Views: 1431; Downloads: 73
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THE INFLUENCE OF IRISH LANGUAGE ON THE USE OF ENGLISH IN IRELANDSaša Puntar
, 2013, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: This thesis discusses the influence of Irish language on the use of English language in Ireland. It reveals how the Irish speak, how much Irish English vocabulary they understand, how much of it they use and in what circumstances. Irish language is greatly reflected in English language spoken in Ireland and Irish English adopted linguistic, phonological and stylistic features of both Irish and English language. The thesis consists of a theoretical and empirical part. The first part discusses several aspects of Irish English such as history, grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary. The latter part consists of a questionnaire analysis and the interpretation of the results. The purpose of the empirical part was to explore to what extent, where and how often Irish people use Irish English words in everyday communication. The results confirmed my hypotheses and showed us that the young are not as familiar with it as the older Irish people are, however they all seem to use it rarely and always in informal situations. The literature and online sources on Irish English language were accurately examined before and during the research.
Keywords: Irish language, English language, Irish English, history, grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary
Published: 27.03.2013; Views: 1157; Downloads: 93
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Teaching History through EnglishAndreja Lasnik
, 2013, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: This diploma thesis discusses Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) as a new and innovative educational approach in different countries with the emphasis on the current status of CLIL in Slovenia. However, the main focus of the diploma thesis is to discuss the extent of using English in History lessons and out-of-school activities related to history topics among Year 8 and Year 9 primary school learners. Although CLIL has been part of the national curricula in several countries in Europe, Canada and the United States, it still has not been formally established in Slovenia. Therefore, one of the main purposes of the diploma thesis is to raise awareness about positive effects of CLIL on the learners and teachers and discuss some key suggestions for its implementation in the Slovenian primary schools. The diploma thesis provides different examples of CLIL History lesson plans and considerations for teachers on how History lessons could be taught in English as a foreign language. In the empirical part of the thesis I investigate the use of English in History lessons. This represents the basic question of the research and the starting point for the following sub-questions regarding the manner and the place of the use of English. The survey data was collected by means of a questionnaire, which was distributed to the learners of Year 8 and Year 9 in four Slovenian primary schools (N= 195). The results show that Year 8 and Year 9 learners in rural or urban primary schools rarely use English in History lessons. Age and the location of primary schools in most cases do not have a statistically significant effect on the use of English in History lessons or on the students’ out-of-school activities related to history topics. The respondents use English history websites and watch English history documentaries and films more frequently than read English history books. The students want to use English in History lessons more often.
Keywords: CLIL, English language, History, teacher, learner
Published: 29.05.2014; Views: 973; Downloads: 88
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WORDS OF LATIN AND FRENCH ORIGIN IN ENGLISH MAGAZINES: THE EXAMPLE OF GLAMOURNastja Ditmajer
, 2014, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: English is more widely spoken and written than any other language. It has become global language and it is used by at least 750 million people (Graddol, Leith, Swann, Rhys and Gillen, 2007). English is also the biggest donor language in the world and it has borrowed many words from other languages. More than fifty percent of all English words are of Latin and French origin (Finkenstaedt and Wolff, 1973). They came into English during the historical events which allowed contacts with different foreign nations and thus their culture and language. Latin and French have been the biggest suppliers of words into English. In the Old English people coined new words together because there was no need to use foreign words. However, later, people had the need to express sophisticated concepts and they found it easier to adopt existing words (Hock and Joseph, 1996). Latin has been a major influence on English. Words from Latin were introduced into Old English and Middle English by the Romans. Words were manly associated to church and its services. The French influence has been around since the Middle Ages. Before the Norman Conquest in 1066, there were contacts between the English and French cultures. After 1066, when William, Duke of Normandy won the English throne, French became the official language of government and the upper classes of Norman nobility. In the 18th and 19th centuries, French was the language of culture, prestige and civilization. In Modern Period, English borrowed from less and less languages and people were more concerned about the situation of English language (Baugh and Cable, 2002).
The thesis deals with the of Latin and French borrowings by focusing on their use in contemporary English. The examples for the analysis have been collected from an issue of the English magazine, called Glamour Magazine. Each borrowing is analysed according to the different categories of various vocabulary areas it belongs to. In addition, the meaning, the etymology and word class is provided for each word. The borrowings are then evaluated according to the group, frequency, arrival into English and origin and word class.
Keywords: borrowings, etymology, history of English language, Latin and French origin, Glamour Magazine.
Published: 10.12.2014; Views: 911; Downloads: 76
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A THEMATIC ANALYSIS OF DAN BROWN`S NOVEL ANGELS AND DEMONS WITH REFERENCE TO CURRENT AND HISTORICAL CATHOLIC CHURCH POLICY AND THEOLOGYNataša Jakob
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: I have decided to analyze the novel Angels and Demons written by Dan Brown in my diploma. The work is non-canonical and contains many clichéd themes. However, some non-canonical works deserve much more critical attention than they actually get, and Angels and Demons is one of them.
Dan Brown invented an incredible plot with many entanglements and subplots. All of the plots and subplots are resolved in the end. The novel is pure fiction. Brown uses, but distorts, historical events in order to tell his story.
In my diploma I argued why there has historically been a conflict between science and faith and I wanted to build a bridge between them, and to show how Brown's novel manipulates this conflict. The novel takes the reader on an incredible journey through Rome and the Vatican. I analyzed the main three characters of the novel, and showed how the priest, Carlo Vantresca, does not respect the Canon of the Holy Scripture.
At the end I came to the conclusion that everything in the world is related. Science is born from religion and they can complement one another, as Pope John Paul II stated: “Science can purify religion from error and superstition; religion can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes. Each can draw the other into a wider world, a world in which both can flourish” (John Paul II. A letter To the Reverend George V. Coyne SJ,Director of the Vatican Observatory). Literature, like Brown's, can deal with these themes in many ways, but because Brown's novel sensationalizes them for commercial purposes, it cannot be considered to be serious literature.
Keywords: angels, demons, corrupt, history, distortion, conflict, science, faith, religion, fact, fiction, murder
Published: 03.06.2016; Views: 918; Downloads: 75
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Family history as a predictor for disease risk in healthy individualsZalika Klemenc-Ketiš
, Borut Peterlin
, 2013, original scientific article
Abstract: Background Family history can be used as a genetic risk predictor for common non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of healthy individuals at risk of developing these diseases, based on their self-reported family history.Methods and Findings This was a cross-sectional observational study. Data were collected in the three largest occupational practices in primary health care centres in Slovenia, a Central European country. The study population consisted of consecutive individuals who came to occupational practices for their regular preventive check-up from November 2010 to June 2012. We included 1,696 individuals. Data were collected by a self-developed questionnaire. The main outcome was the number of participants at a moderate or high risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer.The final sample consisted of 1,340 respondents. Moderate or high risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases was present in 280 (20.9%) participants, for the development of diabetes in 154 (11.5%) participants and for cancer in 163 (12.1%) participants. Conclusions In this study, we found a significant proportion of healthy individuals with an increased genetic risk for common non-communicable diseases; consequently further genetic and clinical evaluation and preventive measures should be offered.
Keywords: family history, predictor for disease risk, sectional study in Slovenia
Published: 19.06.2017; Views: 353; Downloads: 63
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