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1.
Spas as health literate organizations with a focus on educational value
Katja Kokot, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: This master thesis is focused on health literacy in health tourism settings. Health literacy is a concept connected to an individual’s responsibility to understand and act on health information in modern environments. Our assumption is that health tourism is one of the main stakeholders in processes of increasing health literacy levels in the population. For that reason, we questioned what level of health literacy the guests report and whether they recount any cases of improved health literacy during and after their visit. The main goal of the research was discovering whether Slovene health spas are organizations that promote health literacy and what steps they must take for future improvements. For the empirical research we conducted semi-structured interviews with previous guests of Slovene spas that have undertaken stationary rehabilitation due to various health concerns. The analysis method was qualitative content analysis by Philipp Mayring. The transcripts were coded with ATLAS.ti 8 software. The results indicate that guests gain useful information about how they should behave after rehabilitation in everyday life. This information is directly linked to increasing the health literacy of the patient as it is essential for successful rehabilitation and future behavior. The most common process in increasing health literacy levels are the lectures organized for the patients. The topics covered are a healthy diet, suitable exercise and sports, and common medical procedures. With these processes health resorts directly target the health literacy level of their patients.
Keywords: thermal spas, health tourism, health literacy, healthy habits, wellness
Published: 09.07.2021; Views: 142; Downloads: 16
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Obligatory insurance as a form of social engineering
Thomas Allan Heller, Silvia Rigoldi, Jessica Burgos, Mateusz Sasinowski, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: Insurance has been around for centuries. Traditionally, it has been purchased to protect the purchaser, namely, the insured. Over time, the insurance industry has developed an increasing number of products, so that at present one can purchase insurance to cover nearly every risk imaginable. The concept of mandatory or obligatory insurance is a fairly recent development. It traces its origins to the widespread use of the motor vehicle and also employment. Obligatory insurance is designed to protect certain classes of persons, such as workers and those who sustain injury and damage at the hands of others. In this article, the authors compare the current state of obligatory insurance in four democratic countries: the United States, Italy, Aruba and Poland. The aim of the article is to catalogue the similarities and differences in obligatory insurance in those four countries. The countries studied all have obligatory insurance designed to offer some degree of protection to workers injured on the job, and in the course and scope of their work, and to those involved in vehicular collisions. The other primary takeaway from our research is that, predictably, there is less obligatory insurance in the United States than in the other countries studied.
Keywords: obligatory insurance, obligatory motor vehicle insurance, obligatory health insurance, obligatory professional liability insurance, workers, compensation insurance, social insurance
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 94; Downloads: 5
URL Link to file

4.
The right to cyborgization in Slovenia
Blaž Ivanc, 2019, original scientific article

Keywords: right to health, cyborg, legal regulation, personality, ethics, Slovenia
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 89; Downloads: 10
URL Link to file

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The constitutional right to health protection in Belarus
Aksana Shupitskaya, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The article analyzes the constitutional right enshrined in the Fundamental law of the Belarusian state, its Constitution, - the right to health protection. The purpose of the research is to analyze the relevant legal regulations and the problems associated with implementing the right to health protection in the modern Belarus. The paper will examine the constitutional basis of the right to health protection in Belarus, its essence and nature, normative legal acts regulating the analyzed right, problems and prospects of its implementation in light of the current conditions of the Belarusian state. The author considers the constitutional legal principles and constitutional legal norms as the basis of the right to health protection and reveals the essence of the analyzed right. The conclusion substantiates the idea that detailed regulation of the right to health protection is carried out at the level of normative legal acts of the Republic of Belarus adopted by various state bodies. The state of realization of the right to health protection is determined by socio-economic, political and other factors. Identifying a number of problems related to ensuring the right to health protection, the researcher analyzes the prospects for its further development in the Republic of Belarus.
Keywords: constitution, constitutional principles and norms, medical care, health protection
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 72; Downloads: 12
URL Link to file

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Jurisdictional control in the sphere of public health protection in the Russian Federation
Sergey Victorovich Potapenko, Evgeniy Borisovich Luparev, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The article is devoted to the issues of mandatory judicial control over acts of subjects endowed with state powers in the field of medical activity. In particular, we consider the judicial and administrative practice of resolving administrative legal disputes in connection with instituting administrative action in the field of public health protection. The current Code of Administrative Judicial Procedure (CAJP) of the Russian Federation combines the legal procedures previously included in separate regulatory acts for judicial control in the mandatory treatment of people suffering from mental illness, the active form of tuberculosis, as well as other diseases, the list of which remains open.
Keywords: medical law, health protection, mandatory judicial control, medical legislation, administrative proceedings
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 124; Downloads: 11
URL Link to file

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Salaries of healthcare professionals in the Republic of Croatia
Ante Klarić, Marina Švaganović, Miran Cvitković, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Salaries of healthcare professionals in the Republic of Croatia are regulated by a series of laws and regulations. A series of regulations defining the salaries and substantive rights of healthcare professionals cannot provide a clear, uniform and complete approach to regulating the subject matter of the law. In addition to the aforementioned issues of employment status, healthcare professionals originate from a standard that is similar and common to all public servants. In doing so, the legislature does not differentiate between a healthcare professional and his profession from an activity that deals with the protection of fundamental human values: the life and health of the individual. It is these core values that should inform not only governmental regulation of salaries and wages but also all other substantive rights, as a pledge for the smooth performance of such a highly responsible service through a clear, unambiguous and norm to precise them.
Keywords: salary, health worker, public service, health, legal norm
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 107; Downloads: 66
URL Link to file

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Saviour siblings - current overview, dilemmas and possible solutions?
Sandra O. Samardžić, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: In certain cases, when an already born child is affected with a fatal disease and needs transplantation, the only possible solution could be the creation of saviour sibling. Saviour sibling is a term that refers to a child born through a procedure in which an embryo, created in vitro, is being tested in order to determine whether such an embryo could provide stem cells or tissue for an already born, ill child. If the embryo is both, a matching donor and free of the disease, it could be implanted and after the birth of a child, the umbilical cord stem cells or tissue could be used for treatment of a sick sibling. However, this procedure poses a number of dilemmas. This paper aims to give a brief analysis of these issues, to address some of the main concerns and to provide possible solutions for future regulation of this technique.
Keywords: saviour sibling, right of the child to health, medically assisted reproduction, bone marrow, stem cells
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 73; Downloads: 11
URL Link to file

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